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Novel Removal of Meropenem by Using Permeable Reactive Barrier of Cement Kiln Dust with Filter Sand for Simulated Groundwater Treatment: Batch and Continuous Experiments

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The negative consequences of unintentional antibiotic exposure to humans and the ecosystem have raised wide concerns due to their presence in groundwater in large quantities. Recent research has focused on finding low-cost materials for the remediation of groundwater by removing unwanted antibiotics. In this study, Cement Kiln Dust (CKD), currently seen only as a waste by-product of the cement industry and environmental pollutant, has been tested for its potential in removing contaminants from water by way of PRB filtering. The results have been calculated using the Langmuir model, and have showed that at pH 7.0, 60 mg/g was the maximum adsorption capacity. CKD dosage and pH have affected the adsorption process significantly. The performance of PRB has been also affected by initial concentration, influent, and flow rate. The data have been also modelled using COMSOL Multiphysics 3.5a. This model has been integrated with the advection dispersion equation through the Langmuir isotherm. The integrated model has been found to be an effective and efficient tool for describing the migration of contaminants spatially and temporally in the experimental set-up, a one-dimensional packed column. A good agreement has been recognized between the predicted and the measured results of R2 ≥ 0.989 for the breakthrough curves. Finally, the predicted and the experimental results indicate that there is a high affinity of binding sites on CKD for meropenem.
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CKD; COMSOL; Groundwater Treatment; Permeable Reactive

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