Studying the Mechanical Properties of Mortar Containing Different Waste Materials as a Partial Replacement for Aggregate
(*) Corresponding author
The fast growth in the construction sector has made the concrete one of the most essential materials in the world. Concrete industry consumes massive amounts of raw materials, such as fine and coarse aggregate. Nowadays the increasing amount of waste construction materials causes environmental problems. Certainly, the sustainable solution is to adopt these waste materials and reuse them again in order to save natural resources and decrease their consumption. This study aims to investigate the potential use of different waste materials such as ceramic, clay bricks, marble, glass, granite, porcelain, and concrete wastes as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in cement mortar. Each one of these materials has been used in two proportions, 10% and 20% as replacement of natural sand weight. The compressive and flexure strength tests at 28 and 56 days have been taken into account for hardening mortar. Results have showed that it is possible to produce sustainable mortar containing 20% of porcelain, glass or clay bricks waste as a replacement for natural sand with a significant improvement in compressive and flexure strength properties. In contrast, it has been found out that waste marble had a negative impact on the hardened properties of mortar especially at the later age (56 days).
Copyright © 2019 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
L. Restuccia, C. Spoto, G. A. Ferro, and J. Tulliani, Recycled Mortars with C&D Waste, 21st European Conference on Fracture, ECF21, 20-24 June 2016, Catania, Italy, Procedia Structural Integrity, Vol. 2: 2896–2904, 2016.
M. Nasr, T. Hussain and W. Najim, Properties of Cement Mortar Containing Biomass Bottom Ash and Sanitary Ceramic Wastes as a Partial Replacement of Cement, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 9(10): pp. 153–165, 2018.
P. Awoyera, J. Ndambuki, J. Akinmusuru, and D. Omole, Characterization of ceramic waste aggregate concrete, Housing and Building National Research Center HBRC Journal, 2016.
W. Jackiewicz-Reka, K. Załęgowskia, A. Garbacza, and B. Bissonnette, Properties of cement mortars modified with ceramic waste fillers, 7th Scientific-Technical Conference Material Problems in Civil Engineering, Vol. 108: 681-687, 2015.
P. Torkittikul and A. Chaipanich, Utilization of ceramic waste as fine aggregate within Portland cement and fly ash concretes, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 32 (issue 6): 440–449, 2010.
H. Cheng, Reuse research progress on waste clay brick, Procedia Environmental Sciences, Vol. 31: 218–226, 2016.
J. Dang, J. Zhao, W. Hu, Z. Du, and D. Gao, Properties of mortar with waste clay bricks as fine aggregate, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 166: 898–907, 2018.
K. Alyamaç and A. Aydin, Concrete Properties Containing Fine Aggregate Marble Powder, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 19 (issue 7): 2208-2216, 2015.
G. Ulubeyli and R. Artir, Properties of Hardened Concrete Produced by Waste Marble Powder, World Conference on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 195: 2181–2190, 2015.
S. Choi, Y. Choi, and E. Yang, Effects of heavy weight waste glass recycled as fine aggregate on the mechanical properties of mortar specimens, Annals of nuclear energy, Vol. 99: 372-382, 2017.
K. Tan and H. Du, Use of waste glass as sand in mortar: Part I – Fresh, mechanical and durability properties, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 35 (Issue 1): 109–117, 2013.
M. Adaway and Y. Wang, Recycled glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in structural concrete – Effects on compressive strength, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 14 (issue 1): 116-122, 2015.
S. Ghannam, H. Najm, and R. Vasconez, Experimental study of concrete made with granite and iron powders as partial replacement of sand, Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Vol. 9, 1–9, 2016.
H. Li, F. Huang, G. Cheng, et al., Effect of granite dust on mechanical and some durability properties of manufactured sand concrete, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 109, 41–46, 2016.
C. Antonio, P. Antonio and A. Munhoz de, Concrete Made with Alternative Fine Aggregates: The Reuse of Porcelain Electrical Insulators, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 912, 185-190, 2018.
N. Abas, K. Norizan, and Z. Ghani, Strength Properties of Porcelain Admixed Concrete, Int'l Journal of Research in Chemical, Metallurgical and Civil Engg. (IJRCMCE), Vol. 3, (Issue 2): 300-304, 2016.
L. Evangelista and J. de Brito, Mechanical behavior of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 29, (issue 5): 397–401, 2007.
M. Sérifou, Z. Sbartaï, S. Yotte, M. Boffoué, E. Emeruwa, and F. Bos, A Study of Concrete Made with Fine and Course Aggregates Recycled from Fresh Concrete Waste, Journal of Construction Engineering, 2013.
Iraqi Standard Specifications No. 5, Portland Cement, Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control, Iraq, 1984.
ASTM C 618. Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete. American Society for Testing and Materials, 2005.
ASTM C 494. Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete. American Society for Testing and Materials. 2005.
S. Salih, M. Aldikheeli and F. Al-Zwainy, Microstructure analysis and residual strength of fiber reinforced eco-friendly self-consolidating concrete subjected to elevated temperature, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (Ijciet) Vol. 9, (issue 4): 15–31, 2018.
BS EN 196-1 Method of testing cement. Determination of strength British Standard, 2005.
A. Saha, Effect of class F fly ash on the durability properties of concrete, Sustainable Environment Research, Vol. 28, (issue 1), 25-31, 2018.
C. Huang, S. Lin, C. Chang, and H. Chen, Mix proportions and mechanical properties of concrete containing very high-volume of Class F fly ash, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 46, 71-78, 2013.
M. Kumar and Monteiro P. Monteiro, Concrete: microstructure, properties and materials, 3rd ed. San Francisco: McGraw Hill; 2004.
A. Kwan and M. McKinley, Effects of limestone fines on water film thickness, paste film thickness and performance of mortar, Powder Technol, Vol. 261, 33–41, 2014.
K. Kabeer and A. Vyas, Utilization of marble powder as fine aggregate in mortar mixes, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 165, 321–332, 2018.
K. Olonade, I. Ajibola, and C. Okeke, Performance evaluation of concrete made with sands from selected locations in Osun State, Nigeria, Case Studies in Construction Materials, Vol. 8, 160–171, 2018.
R. Piyaphanuwat and S. Asavapisit, Utilization Ceramic Wastes from Porcelain Ceramic Industry in Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 8, (issue 5): 342-346, 2017.
Z. Ismail and E. AL-Hashmi, Recycling of waste glass as a partial replacement for fine aggregate in concrete, Waste Management, Vol. 29, (issue 2): 655–659, 2009.
I. Kesegić, I. Netinger, and D. Bjegović, Recycled clay brick as an aggregate for concrete: Overview, Technical Gazette, Vol. 15, (Issue 3): 35-40, 2008.
L. Evangelista, J. Brito, Mechanical behaviour of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 29, (issue 5): 397–401, 2007.
J. Junaka and A. Sicakova, Concrete containing recycled concrete aggregate with modified surface, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 180, 1284–1291, 2017.
C. Medina, M. Rojas, and M. Frías, Reuse of sanitary ceramic wastes as coarse aggregate in eco-efficient concretes, Cement & Concrete Composites, Vol. 34, (Issue 1): 48–54, 2012.
V. Patel and N. Shah, Suitability of Porcelain and Marble Industrial Waste Powder to Produce High Performance Concrete, American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 3, (Issue 3):59-63, 2015.
Barhmi, M., Merbouh, M., Khachab, H., Bella, N., El Mir, M., Bella, I., Numerical Simulation of the Hot Weather on Concrete at Early Age, (2016) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 7 (6), pp. 185-191.
Benoudjafer, I., Labbaci, B., Benoudjafer, I., Effect of Local Temperature During Service on the Mechanical Properties of Concrete, (2016) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 7 (3), pp. 57-62.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to email@example.com
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize