Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Experimental Investigation of the Blast Furnace Slag Based Concretes Filled in the Thin Walled Steel Stubs

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



The upgrading of blast furnace waste as a substitute material contributes to safeguard a large part of the natural resources and to protect the environment. A test program has been undertaken in order to assess the effects of the use of slag in the manufacture of concrete on their mechanical and water properties; three concrete mixtures have been studied, normal concrete, concrete slag where the gravel and sand were substituted by crystallised slag, and a slag sand concrete where sand dune has been substituted by crushed crystallised slag sand. In addition, a series of tests on cold rolled steel stubs of rectangular section filled with these three types of concretes has been made, in order to study their behavior under axial compression load. The main studied parameters have been the effect of the in filled concrete and its age (28 days and 180 days). The experimental results have showed that using granulated and crystallized slag has an influence on the concrete properties and it improves load carrying capacity for composite stubs at 180 days of age. A comparison is made with the predicted ultimate strengths of composite tubs using the EC4 code.
Copyright © 2019 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Composite Stub; Crystallized Slag; Ground Granulated Slag; Steel

Full Text:



Y. F. Yang, L. H. Han, Experimental behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubular columns, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 62 (Issue12):1310-1324, December 2006.

N. Handel et al. Experimental study of columns partially filled with concrete under compressive axial loads, MATEC Web of Conferences, published by EDP Sciences, Vol.2: 02008(1)-02008(7), 2012.

N. Handel et al., Experimental behaviour of steel pipes filled with slag concrete, 2nd Scientific Days Franco-Maghrebi: Characterization of Complex Materials, Annaba, Algeria, October 2015.

Zeghiche J., Handel N., Experimental behaviour of concrete filled thin welded steel stubs axially loaded case, 8th International Conference on Concrete Technology in Developing Countries, the African concrete code sympsium, Tunisia, November 2007.

N. Handel et al., Case of the Section I, behaviour of a reconstituted section of cold-rolled steel and welded partially filled with slag concrete, 6th day of mechanics (polytechnic military school), Alger , Algeria, April 2008.

Handel, N., Eddine Chick, N., Achoura, D., Experimental investigation of partially encased composite column axially loaded, (2009) International Review of Mechanic Engineering (IREME), 3 (6), pp. 833-836.

N. Handel et al., Experimental investigation of slag concrete-filled steel tubular columns axially loaded, 18th International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS18), Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 June 2015.

G. Li, X. Zhao, Properties of concrete incorporating fly ash and ground granulated blast-furnace slag, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 25( Issue 3): 293-299, April 2003.

C. Duran Atiş ,C. Bilim, Wet and dry cured compressive strength of concrete containing ground granulated blast-furnace slag, Building and Environment, Vol.42 (Issue8): 3060-3065, August 2007.

C. Bilim, C. D. Atiş, H. Tanyildizi, and O. Karahan, Predicting the compressive strength of ground granulated blast furnace slag concrete using artificial neural network, Advances in Engineering Software, Vol.40 (Issue 5): 334-340, May 2009

O. Boukendakdji, El-Hadj Kadri, and S. Kenai, Effects of granulated blast furnace slag and superplasticizer type on the fresh properties and compressive strength of self-compacting concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.34 (Issue 4): 583-590, April 2012.

A. Lübeck, A. L. G. Gastaldini, D. S. Barin, and H. C. Siqueira, Compressive strength and electrical properties of concrete with white Portland cement and blast-furnace slag, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.34(Issue 3): 392-399, March 2012.

P. Sarathi, D. Pradip, N. Prabir, and K. Sarker, The effects of ground granulated blast-furnace slag blending with fly ash and activator content on the workability and strength properties of geopolymer concrete cured at ambient temperature, Materials and Design, Vol.62: 32-39, October 2014.

J. A. Cabrera-Madrid , J. I. Escalante-García, P. Castro-Borges, Compressive strength of concretes with blast furnace slag. Re-visited state-of-the-art, ALCONPAT Journal, Vol.6(Issue 1): 64 – 83, january-april 2016.

Tebbal, N., Rahmouni, Z., Belagraa, L., Combined Effect of Granulated Slag and Silica Fume on the Characteristics of High Performance Concrete, (2016) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 7 (2), pp. 41-49.

Akchurin, T., Stefanenko, I., Pushkarskaya, O., Slag Wastes from Regional Metallurgical Industry Used in Construction Compositions, (2017) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 8 (5), pp. 197-202.

S. Achtemichuk, J. Hubbard, R. Sluce, and M. H.Shehata, The utilization of recycled concrete aggregate to produce controlled low-strength materials without using Portland cement, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.31(Issue 8): 564-569, September 2009.

N. Habdel, Aggregate substitution by El Hdjar blast furnace waste in concrete, International Seminar on the Mineral Industry and the Environment, 03-04 November 2009, Annaba, Algérie.

N. Handel et all, Substitution of the aggregate by solid waste of blast furnance in the preparation of concrete, J. Mater. Environ. Sci. 2 (S1): 520-525, June 2011.

R. V. Silva, J. Brito, R.K. Dhir , Properties and composition of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste suitable for concrete production, Construction and Building Materials, Vol.65: 201-217, August 2014.

Y. Biskri, D. Achoura, N. Chelghoum, and M. Mouret, Mechanical and durability characteristics of High Performance Concrete containing steel slag and crystalized slag as aggregates, Construction and Building Materials Vol.150:167-178, September 2017.

N. Handel, Valorisation of blast furnace by-products in the manufacture of concrete for filling steel tubes, XIVth International Symposium on Environment, Catalysis and Process Engineering, at IMT Lille Douai, France, December 2017.

Kherraf, L., Belachia, M., Hebhoub, H., Abdelouehed, A., Effects of the Incorporation of Combined Additions in Cement on the Properties of Concretes, (2018) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 9 (1), pp. 31-39.

Ahmed, S., Salih, M., Durability of Concrete Containing Different Levels of Supplementary Cementitious Materials, (2018) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 9 (6), pp. 241-247.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize