Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Effects of the Incorporation of Combined Additions in Cement on the Properties of Concretes

Leila Kherraf(1*), Mouloud Belachia(2), Houria Hebhoub(3), Assia Abdelouehed(4)

(1) Department of Civil Engineering, University of Skikda, Algeria
(2) Department of Civil Engineering, LMGHU laboratory, University of Skikda, Algeria
(3) Department of Civil Engineering, LMGHU laboratory, University of Skikda, Algeria
(4) Department of Civil Engineering, University of Skikda, Algeria
(*) Corresponding author



This paper aims at studying the influence of the combined incorporation of limestone filler, which is a kind of recovered waste from aggregate crushing stations for concrete, and/or natural pozzolana and granulated blast-furnace slag on the properties in fresh state and on the mechanical strength of the concretes manufactured first of all without additives then with one superplasticizer containing polycarboxylate. The limestone filler is incorporated with different percentages (10, 15 and 20) as a partial replacement of Portland cement under class 42.5. Then, four combinations were prepared by starting from the mixture with 20% limestone filler as well as by substituting two percentages (5 and 10) of limestone filler with natural pozzolana or granulated slag. The last mixture was composed of 10% limestone filler and 5% of each of these two mineral additions. The obtained results showed that, at 28 days, the combination of 15% limestone filler and 5% granulated slag gives, for ordinary concrete, a comparable performance to that of control concrete. However, the incorporation of 10% limestone filler with 0.5% of superplasticizer in the control mixture has shown satisfactory characteristics in terms of plasticity and mechanical strength.
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Carboxylate Superplasticizer; Combined Additions; Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag; Limestone Filler; Natural Pozzolana

Full Text:



S. Liu, and P. Yan, Effect of limestone powder on Microstructure of concrete, Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed, Vol. 25 (Issue 1): 328-331, April 2010.

J. Mohammadi, and W. South, Effect of up to 12% Substitution of clinker with limestone on commercial grade Concrete containing supplementary cementitious materials, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 115:555-564, July 2016.

Q. T. Phung, N. Maes, D. Jacques, G. De Schutter, and G. Ye, Investigation of the changes in microstructure and transport Properties of leached cement pastes accounting for mix Composition, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 79:217-234, January 2016.

A. Arora, G. Sant, and N. Neithalath, Ternary blends Containing slag and interground/blended limestone: Hydration, strength, and pore structure, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 102 (Issue 1): 113-124, January 2016.

E. F. Irassar, D. Violini, V. F. Rahhal, C. Milanesi, M. A. Trezza, and V.L. Bonavetti, Influence of limestone Content, gypsum content and fineness on early age properties Of Portland limestone, cement produced by inter-grinding, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 33 (Issue 2):192-200, February 2011.

A. Hallal, E. H. Kadri, K. Ezziane, A. Kadri, and H. Khelafi, Combined effect of mineral admixtures with superplasticizers On the fluidity of the blended cement paste, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24 (Issue 8): 1418-1423, August 2010.

N. R. Rakhimova, R. Z. Rakhimov, N. I. Naumkina, A. F. Khuzin, and Y. N. Osin, Influence of limestone content, Fineness, and composition on the properties and Microstructure of alkali-activated slag cement, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 72:268-274, September 2016.

Q. T. Phung, N. Maes, D. Jacques, E. Bruneel, I. Van Driessche, G. Ye, and G. De Schutter, Effect of limestone Fillers on microstructure and permeability due to carbonation Of cement pastes under controlled CO2 pressure Conditions, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 82:376-390, May 2015.

N. F. Medina, G. Barluenga, and F. Hernández-Olivares, Combined effect of Polypropylene fibers and Silica Fume to Improve the durability of concrete with natural Pozzolans Blended cement, Construction and Building Materials, Vol 96:556-566, October 2015.

M. Vafaei, and A. Allahverdi, Influence of calcium aluminate Cement on geopolymerization of natural pozzolana, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 114:290-296, July 2016.

N. Lemonis, P. E. Tsakiridis, N. S. Katsiotis, S. Antiohos, D. Papageorgiou, M.S. Katsiotis, and M. Beazi-Katsioti, Hydration study of ternary blended cements containing Ferronickel slag and natural pozzolana, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 81:130-139, April 2015.

B. Uzal, A. Gul, Properties of concrete with high-volume Pozzolans (Eco-efficient concrete, 2013, pp. 138-152).

W. Deboucha, M. N. Oudjit, A. Bouzid, and L. Belagraa, Effect of incorporating blast furnace slag and natural Pozzolana on compressive strength and capillary water Absorption of concrete, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 108:254-261, 2015.

E. Özbay, M. Erdemir, and H. İ. Durmuş, Utilization and Efficiency of ground granulated blast furnace slag on concrete Properties–a review, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 105:423-434, February 2016.

K. G. Babu and V. S. R. Kumar, Efficiency of GGBS in Concrete, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 30 (Issue 7):1031-1036, July 2000.

M. Ghricia, S. Kenaib, and M. Said-Mansourc, Mechanical Properties and durability of mortar and concrete containing Natural pozzolana and limestone blended cements, Cement And Concrete Composites, Vol. 29 (Issue7):542-549, August 2007.

Z. Makhloufi, S. Aggoun, B. Benabed, E.H. Kadri, and M. Bederina, Effect of magnesium sulfate on the durability of Limestone mortars based on quaternary blended Cements, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 65:186-199, January 2016.

P. C. Nkinamubanzi, S. Mantellato, and R. J. Flatt, Superplasticizers in practice, (Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures, 2016, pp. 353-377).

V. S. Izotov, and R. A. Ibragimov, Hydration products of Portland cement modified with a complex admixture, Inorganic Materials, Vol. 51 (Issue 2):187-190, February 2015.

E. H. Kadri, S. Aggoun, G. De Schutter, and K. Ezziane, Combined effect of chemical nature and fineness of mineral Powders on Portland cement hydration, Materials and Structures, Vol. 43 (Issue 5):665-673, June 2010.

R. Chaid, R. Jauberthie and A. Boukhaled, Effect of limestone addition on concrete durability, Lebanese Science Journal, Vol. 11 (Issue 1): 91-103, 2010.

J. J. Chen, A.K.H. Kwan, and Y. Jiang, Adding limestone Fines as cement paste replacement to reduce water Permeability and sorptivity of concrete, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 56:87-93, April 2014.

W. Li, Z. Huang, F. Cao, Z. Sun, and S.P. Shah, Effects of Nano-silica and nano-limestone on flowability and mechanical Properties of ultra-high-performance concrete matrix, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 95:366-374, October 2015.

M. Valcuende, C. Parra, E. Marco, A. Garrido, E. Martínez, And J. Cánoves, Influence of limestone filler and viscosity-Modifying admixture on the porous structure of self-Compacting concrete, Construction and Building Materials Vol. 28 (Issue 1):122-128, March 2012.

S. Kourounis, S. Tsivilis, P. E. Tsakiridis, G. D. Papadimitriou, and Z. Tsibouki, Properties and hydration of Blended cements with steelmaking slag, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 37 (Issue 6): 815-822, June 2007.

H. Siad, M. Lachemi, S. K. Bernard, M. Sahmaran, and A.Hossain, Assessment of the long-term performance of SCC Incorporating different mineral admixtures in a magnesium Sulphate environment, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 80:141-154, April 2015.

J. Barron, J. P. Olivier, Concretes: Bases and data for their formulation (Eyrolles, 1996).

F. Puertas, H. Santos, M. Palacios, and S. Martínez-Ramírez, Polycarboxylate superplasticiser admixtures: effect on Hydration, microstructure and rheological behavior in cement Pastes, Advances in Cement Research, Vol. 17 (Issue 2):77-89, April 2005.

M. Behim, Industrial by-products and sustainable Development: responsiveness, role and sustainability of EL HADJAR slags in cement matrix materials. Ph.D. dissertation, Dep. civil. Eng., Badji Mokhtar univ., Annaba, Algeria, 2005.

Bella, I., Bella, N., Benammar, A., Asroun, A., The Effect of Cement Substitution by Two Mineral Admixture on the Sustainability of Concrete at Curing Temperature, (2017) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 8 (4), pp. 148-151.

Benammar, A., Merbouh, M., Bella, N., Bella, I., Glaoui, B., Resistance of Concrete Cured in Hot Climate to Magnesium and Sodium Sulfate Attacks: Effect of Sand’s Mineralogy, (2016) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 7 (6), pp. 168-175.

Benmerioul, F., Makani, A., Tafraoui, A., Zaouai, S., Effect of Local Mineral Additions on the Shrinkage of Self-Compacting-Concrete, (2017) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 8 (2), pp. 47-52.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize