Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

FE Model for R.C Beams Strengthened/Retrofitted with FRP

Ihab Samir Mattar(1*)

(1) Arab Academy For science, Technolog and Maritime Transport - College of Engineering and technology - Construction and building department M.Sc - B.Eng, Egypt
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/irece.v6i1.6200

Abstract


This research aims towards developing a finite element modelling procedure for the purpose of simulating the behavior of reinforced concrete beams strengthened/retrofitted with fibre-reinforced polymers. Such modelling procedure is based upon using the finite element software package AbaqusCae 6.11-3.  The data required as an input for such modelling procedure are boundary conditions, geometric and material properties. In addition to the material models available in the software package, experimentally verified numerical material models are used in order to obtain non-available material properties. Through applying the proposed modelling procedure to reinforced concrete beams strengthened/retrofitted with fibre-reinforced polymers, the developed modelling process has been validated where the finite element model results have been compared with the experimental results. The available experimental results are load deflection curves at mid-span and cracking pattern. Regarding externally bonded sheets, isotropic and orthotropic material models for fibre-reinforced polymers have been compared; also cohesive zone model and perfect bond model for the interface between concrete and fibre-reinforced polymers sheets have been compared. High correlation between finite element results and experimental results indicate an accurate modelling procedure. Minor differences were found between isotropic and orthotropic material models. Perfect bond model cannot capture debonding behavior while the cohesive zone model was capable of capturing the debonding behavior.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Composite Structures; Computational Mechanics; Mathematical Modelling

Full Text:

PDF


References


R. Blok, K. Herwijnen, A. Koslowski, S. Wolinski, H. Gervásio, L. Simões da Silva, Service life and life cycle of building structures, in: Proc. Proceedings of the COST C12 Seminar on improvement of building’s structural quality by new technologies, European commission, Brussels, 2003, 55-64.

B. Erdil, U. Akyüz, İ.Ö. Yaman, CFRP-Confined Concrete Columns Under Different Environmental Effects, Magazine of Concrete Research, 65 (2013) 731-743.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/macr.12.00148

T.C. Triantafillou., Strengthening of structures with advanced FRPs, Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, 1 (1998) 126-134.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pse.2260010204

H. Rahimi., A. Hutchinson., Concrete Beams Strengthened with Externally Bonded FRP Plates, Journal of Composites for Construction, 5 (2001) 44-56.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(asce)1090-0268(2001)5:1(44)

C.A. Ross., D.M. Jerome., J.W. Tedesco., M.L. Hughes., Strengthening of reinforced concrete beams with externally bonded Composites Laminates, ACI Structural Journal, 96 (1999) 212-220.
http://dx.doi.org/10.14359/612

V.P.V. Ramana, T. Kant, S.E. Morton, P.K. Dutta, A. Mukherjee, Y.M. Desai, Behavior of CFRPC strengthened reinforced concrete beams with varying degrees of strengthening, Composites Part B: Engineering, 31 (2000) 461-470.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1359-8368(00)00022-6

H. Katsumata, Y. Kobatake, T. Takeda, A study with carbon fiber for earthquake-resistant capacity of existing reinforced concrete columns, in: Proc. Proceedings of the Ninth world conference on earthquake engineering, Tokyo - Kyoto , Japan, 1988, 517-522.

Khalifa, A., New Strengthening Technique Using FRP to Improve the Confinement Effectiveness of the Rectangular Columns, (2014) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 5 (1), pp. 19-31.

H. Saadatmanesh., M.R. Ehsani., Rc beams strengthened with GFRP plates. I: Experimental study Journal of Structural Engineering, 117 (1991) 3434-3455.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9445(1991)117:11(3434)

U. Meier., H. Kaiser., Strengthening of Structures with CFRP Laminates, in: Proc. Advanced Composites Materials in Civil Engineering Structures, Flamingo Hilton, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States,, 1991, 224-232.

E. David, C. Djelal, F. Buyle-Bodin, Repair and strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using composite materials, in: Proc. 2nd Int PhD symposium in civil engineering, Budapest, 1998.

M.A. Shahawy, M. Arockiasamy, T. Beitelman, R. Sowrirajan, Reinforced concrete rectangular beams strengthened with CFRP laminates, Composites Part B: Engineering, 27 (1996) 225-233.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1359-8368(95)00044-5

A. Khalifa, A. Nanni, Rehabilitation of rectangular simply supported RC beams with shear deficiencies using CFRP composites, Construction and Building Materials, 16 (2002) 135-146.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0950-0618(02)00002-8

A.E.M. Shehata., E.C. Cerqueira., C.T.M. Pinto., Coppe, Strengthening of RC beams in flexure and shear using CFRP laminate, in: C.J. Burgoyne (Ed.) FRPRCS-5: Fibre-reinforced Plastics for Reinforced Concrete Structures : Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Plastics for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Cambridge, UK, 16-18 July 2001, Thomas Telford, 2001, pp. 97-106.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/frprcsv1.30299

A. Khalifa., G. Tumialan., A. Nanni., A. Belarbi., Shear strengthening of continuous RC beams using externally bonded CFRP sheets, in: Proc. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on FRP for Reinforcement of Concrete Structures (FRPRCS4), American Concrete Institute, Baltimore, MD, 1999, 995-1008.

W. Karunasena, P. Hardeo, G. Bosnich, Rehabilitation of Concrete Beams by Externally Bonding Fibre Composite Reinforcement, in: Proc. Proceeding of the 4th international composites conference (ACUN-4), Sydney, Australia, 2002, 222-226.

M.Z. Jumaat., M.A. Alam., Optimization of intermediate anchors to eliminate premature shear failure of CFRP laminate flexurally strengthened R.C beams, International journal of physical science, 6 (2011) 182-192.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13369-015-1739-1

M.Z. Jumaat., M.A. Rahman., M.A. Alam., M.M. Rahman., Premature failures in plate bonded strengthened RC beams with an emphasis on premature shear: A review, International journal of physical science, 6 (2011) 156-168.

M.A. Alam., M.Z. Jumaat., Eliminating Premature End Peeling of Flexurally Strengthened Reinforced Concrete Beams, Journal of Applied Sciences, 9 (2009) 1106-1113.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2009.1106.1113

M.R. Aram, C. Czaderski, M. Motavalli, Debonding failure modes of flexural FRP-strengthened RC beams, Composites Part B: Engineering, 39 (2008) 826-841.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2007.10.006

J. Yao, J.G. Teng, Plate end debonding in FRP-plated RC beams—I: Experiments, Engineering Structures, 29 (2007) 2457-2471.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.11.022

H. Toutanji, L. Zhao, Y. Zhang, Flexural behavior of reinforced concrete beams externally strengthened with CFRP sheets bonded with an inorganic matrix, Engineering Structures, 28 (2006) 557-566.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.09.011

A.J.M. Ferreira, On the Shear-Deformation Theories for the Analysis of Concrete Shells Reinforced with External Composite Laminates, Strength of Materials, 35 (2003) 128-135.

D. Kachlakev, D.D. McCurry, Behavior of full-scale reinforced concrete beams retrofitted for shear and flexural with FRP laminates, Composites Part B: Engineering, 31 (2000) 445-452.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1359-8368(00)00023-8

M.R. Esfahani, M.R. Kianoush, A.R. Tajari, Flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete beams strengthened by CFRP sheets, Engineering Structures, 29 (2007) 2428-2444.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.12.008

J.G. Teng, S.T. Smith, J. Yao, J.F. Chen, Intermediate crack-induced debonding in RC beams and slabs, Construction and Building Materials, 17 (2003) 447-462.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0950-0618(03)00043-6

A.-h. Zhang, W.-l. Jin, G.-b. Li, Behavior of preloaded RC beams strengthened with CFRP laminates, J. Zhejiang Univ. - Sci. A, 7 (2006) 436-444.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.a0436

W. Wenwei, L. Guo, Experimental study of RC beams strengthened with CFRP sheets under sustaining loads, J. Wuhan Univ. Technol.-Mat. Sci. Edit., 21 (2006) 82-85.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02840887

M.S. Neto., G.S. Melo., Y. Nagato., T Beams Strengthened in shear with carbon sheet laminates (CFRP), in: C.J. Burgoyne (Ed.) FRPRCS-5: Fibre-reinforced Plastics for Reinforced Concrete Structures : Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Plastics for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Cambridge, UK, 16-18 July 2001, Thomas Telford, 2001, pp. 239-248.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/frprcsv1.30299

R. Santhakumar, E. Chandrasekaran, Analysis of retrofitted reinforced concrete shear beams using carbon fibre composite, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 4 (2004) 66-74.

M.C. Sundarraja, S. Rajamohan, Strengthening of RC beams in shear using GFRP inclined strips – An experimental study, Construction and Building Materials, 23 (2009) 856-864.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.04.008

A.F. Ashour, S.A. El-Refaie, S.W. Garrity, Flexural strengthening of RC continuous beams using CFRP laminates, Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (2004) 765-775.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2003.07.002

J. Wang, C. Zhang, Nonlinear fracture mechanics of flexural–shear crack induced debonding of FRP strengthened concrete beams, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 45 (2008) 2916-2936.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2008.01.004

W. Wenwei, L. Guo, Experimental study and analysis of RC beams strengthened with CFRP laminates under sustaining load, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 43 (2006) 1372-1387.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2005.03.076

Y.T. Obaidat, Retrofitting of reinforced concrete beams using composite laminate. Master Thesis, Jordan University of Science and Technology, 2007.

E. Ahmed, H.R. Sobuz, N.M. Sutan, Flexural performance of CFRP strengthened RC beams with different degrees of strengthening schemes, International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 6 (2011) 2229-2238.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.471-472.79

H.R. Sobuz., E. Ahmed., Flexural Performance of RC Beams Strengthened with Different Reinforcement Ratios of CFRP Laminates, Key Engineering Materials, 471-472 (2011) 79-84.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.471-472.79

M.Z. Jumaat, M.A. Alam, Experimental and numerical analysis of end anchored steel plate and CFRP laminate flexurally strengthened RC beams, International journal of physical science, 5 (2010) 132-144.

M.Z. Jumaat., M.M. Rahman., M.A. Alam., Flexural strengthening of RC continuous T beam using CFRP laminate: A review, International journal of physical science, 5 (2010) 619-625.

C. Barris, L. Torres, A. Turon, M. Baena, A. Catalan, An experimental study of the flexural behaviour of GFRP RC beams and comparison with prediction models, Composite Structures, 91 (2009) 286-295.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.05.005

N. Dash., Strengthening of Reinforced concrete Beams using Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites. (MTech) National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India, 2009.

J.Y. Kang, Y.H. Park, J.S. Park, Y.J. You, W.T. Jung, Analytical evaluation of RC beams strengthened with near surface mounted CFRP laminates in: Proc. 7th International Symposium on Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures (SP:230-45), American Concrete Institute 2005, 779-794.

H.F. Naji., S.K. Abdulrahman., H.E. Abass., Shear behavior of RC beams strengthened with varying types of FRP materials using finite element analysis, Journal of Engineering and Development, 15 (2011) 183-204.

J.L. Abbas, S.M. Abd, Shear Capacity and Deflection Response of RC Beams Strengthened in Shear with U-Shaped CFRP Wraps, European Journal of Scientific Research, 82 (2012) 265-282.

Z. Guo, S. Cao, W. Sun, X. Lin, Experimental study on bond stress-slip behaviour between FRP sheets and concrete, in: Proc. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Bond Behaviour of FRP in Structures, International Institute for FRP in Construction, 2005, 77-84.

U.A. Ebead, H. Marzouk, Tension-stiffening model for FRP-strenghened RC concrete two-way slabs, Materials and Structures, 38 (2005) 193-200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02479344

H.-T. Hu, F.-M. Lin, Y.-Y. Jan, Nonlinear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete beams strengthened by fiber-reinforced plastics, Composite Structures, 63 (2004) 271-281.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0263-8223(03)00174-0

L. Hsu, C.-T. Hsu, Complete stress—strain behaviour of high-strength concrete under compression, Magazine of Concrete Research, 46 (1994) 301-312.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/macr.1994.46.169.301

A. Hillerborg, The theoretical basis of a method to determine the fracture energy G F of concrete, Materials and Structures, 18 (1985) 291-296.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02472919

Comité Euro-International du Béton, CEB-FIP Model Code 1990 Thomas Telford services Ltd., London, 1993.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/ceb-fipmc1990.35430

M. Piggott, Load bearing fibre composites, 2nd ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York/Boston/Dordrecht/London/Moscow, 2002.

X. Lu, J. Teng, L. Ye, J. Jiang, Bond–slip models for FRP sheets/plates bonded to concrete, Engineering Structures, 27 (2005) 920-937.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2005.01.014

D.S. Simulia, ABAQUS 6.11 Documentation, DS SIMULIA Corp, Providence, RI, USA., 2011.

M.L. Benzeggagh, M. Kenane, Measurement of mixed-mode delamination fracture toughness of unidirectional glass/epoxy composites with mixed-mode bending apparatus, Composites Science and Technology, 56 (1996) 439-449.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0266-3538(96)00005-x

C.A. Coronado, M.M. Lopez, Sensitivity analysis of reinforced concrete beams strengthened with FRP laminates, Cement and Concrete Composites, 28 (2006) 102-114.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2005.07.005

P. Qiao, Y. Chen, Cohesive fracture simulation and failure modes of FRP–concrete bonded interfaces, Theoretical and applied fracture mechanics, 49 (2008) 213-225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tafmec.2007.11.005

J. Lubliner, J. Oliver, S. Oller, E. Oñate, A plastic-damage model for concrete, International Journal of Solids and Structures, 25 (1989) 299-326.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(89)90050-4

J. Lundqvist, H. Nordin, B. Täljsten, T. Olofsson, Numerical analysis of concrete beams strengthened with CFRP: a study of anchorage lengths, in: Proc. Proceedings of BBFS: International Symposium on Bond Behaviour of FRP in Structures (BBFS 2005), International Institute for FRP in Construction, Hong Kong, China, 2005, 247-254.

Y.T. Obaidat, S. Heyden, O. Dahlblom, G. Abu-Farsakh, Y. Abdel-Jawad, Retrofitting of reinforced concrete beams using composite laminates, Construction and Building Materials, 25 (2011) 591-597.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.06.082


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize