Fractal Inspired Metamaterial Superstrate for Gain Enhancement
(*) Corresponding author
In this paper, a fractal inspired metamaterial superstrate is proposed for the gain enhancement of microstrip patch antenna resonating at 2.4 GHz. Fractal structure is used as the metamaterial unit cell, which is designed on a FR4 substrate with a thickness of 1.6 mm. The metamaterial unit cell exhibits near-zero refractive index at 2.4 GHz. The superstrate consists of a 2×2 array of metamaterial unit cells which acts as a partial reflective surface of Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity. The distance between the antenna and the superstrate is optimized by the FP resonance condition. The antenna has a directional radiation pattern more than the microstrip patch antenna. The antenna gives a peak gain of 7 dBi with a gain enhancement of 4 dB and a beamwidth reduction of 23° and 2° along H plane and E plane respectively. The aperture efficiency of the antenna is 80.47%. The whole structure is simulated and analyzed using finite element method. The simulated and the measured results show good agreement.
Copyright © 2021 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
Z. Wang, G. Zhang, Y. Yin and J. Wu., Design of dual-band high-gain antenna array for WLAN and WiMAX base station, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 13, 2014, pp.1721-1724.
C. Joshi, A. C. Lepage, J. Sarrazin and X. Begaud., Enhanced broadside gain of an ultrawideband diamond dipole antenna using a hybrid reflector, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 64, no.7, July 2016, pp.3269-3274,.
J. Kuo, G. Hsieh and C. Lai., Gain enhancement microstrip antenna with slots loaded in the ground plane, in Proc. IEEE Antennas and propag., society Int. symp., San Antonio, TX, USA , pp. 422-425, 2002.
Raihani, H., Benbassou, A., El Ghzaoui, M., Belkadid, J., Gain Enhancement of a Looped Slots Patch Antenna for Passive UHF RFID Tags Applications in Metallic Supports, (2019) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 9 (3), pp. 172-181.
Prasad, R., Srivastava, D., Saini, J., Design and Analysis of Gain and Bandwidth Enhanced Triangular Microstrip Patch Antenna, (2018) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 8 (1), pp. 1-8.
Anju Pradeep., Investigations on metamaterial based spiral inductors for compact microwave devices, Ph.D. dissertation, School of Engineering, Cochin Univ., Kerala, India, 2015.
C. Caloz and T. Itoh., Electromagnetic metamaterials: transmission line theory and microwave applications, New Jersey, USA, (John Wiley & Sons, 2005, pp. 1).
X. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. He and Z. Yan., Analysis of Wireless Power Transfer Using Superconducting Metamaterials, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 2, March 2019, pp. 1-5.
S. S. Al-Bawri, M. T. Islam, T. Shabbir, G. Muhammad, M. S. Islam and H. Y. Wong., Hexagonal Shaped Near Zero Index (NZI) Metamaterial Based MIMO Antenna for Millimeter-Wave Application, IEEE Access, vol. 8, 2020, pp. 181003-181013.
Saleh, G., Dual Resonant Wearable Metamaterial for Medical Applications, (2021) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 11 (2), pp. 85-93.
A. Sharma, R. Panwar and R. Khanna., Experimental Validation of a Frequency-Selective Surface-Loaded Hybrid Metamaterial Absorber With Wide Bandwidth, IEEE Magnetics Letters, vol. 10, 2019, pp. 1-5.
Hamad, E., Abdel-Raheem, A., Improvement of Microstrip Antenna Performance Using Left-Handed Metamaterial Layer Composed of Rectangular Split-Ring Resonators and Thin Wires, (2013) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 3 (1), pp. 1-8.
N. Zhang, W. X. Jiang, H. F. Ma, W. X. Tang and T. J. Cui., Compact High-Performance Lens Antenna Based on Impedance-Matching Gradient-Index Metamaterials, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 67, no. 2, Feb. 2019 pp. 1323-1328.
K. L. Smith, R. S. Adams and T. Weldon., A Novel Broadband Fractal Metamaterial Unit Cell, in Proc. IEEE Antennas and Propag. Society International Symposium, Memphis, TN, USA. 2014, pp. 549-550.
L. Xu, G. Liu, H. Zhang and Z. Wu, Tree-like metamaterial microstrip antenna for gain enhancement., in Proc. Int. workshop on microwave and millimter wave circuits and system technology, 2013, pp. 66-68.
M. Alibakhshikenari, M. Khalily, B. S. Virdee, C. H.See, R. A. Abdhwang, E. Limiti., Mutual Coupling Suppression Between Two Closely Placed Microstrip Patches Using EM-Bandgap Metamaterial Fractal Loading, IEEE Access, vol. 7, 2019, pp. 23606-23614.
O. M Khan, Z. U Islam, I. Rashid, F. A Bhatti and Q. U Islam, Novel miniaturized koch pentagonal fractal antenna for multiband wireless applications, Progress in Electromagnetic Research , vol. 141, 2013, pp. 693-710.
Sasan Ahdi Rezaeieh, Marco A. Antoniades and Amin M. Abbosh., Bandwidth and directivity enhancement of loop antenna by nonperiodic distribution of mu-negative metamaterial unit cells, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 64, No.8., June 2016, pp. 3319-3329.
Hang Zhou, Zhibin Pei, Shaobo Qu, Song Zhang, Jiafu Wang, Zhangshan Duan, Hua Ma and Zhuo Xu., A novel high-directivity microstrip patch antenna based on zero-index metamaterial, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 8, 2009, pp. 538-541.
H. Xu, G. Wang and T. Cai., Miniaturization of 3-D Anistropic Zero-Refractive-Index Metamaterials With Application to Directive Emissions., IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 62, No.6, March 2014, pp. 3141-3149.
D. Li, Z. Szabo, X. Qing, P. Li and Z. Ning Chen., A high gain antenna with an optimized metamaterial inspired superstrate, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 60, no. 12, 2012, pp. 6018-6023.
Amit K. Singh, Mahesh P. Abegaonkar, and Shiban K. Koul., High Gain and High Aperture Efficiency Cavity Resonator Antenna Using Metamaterial Superstrate, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 16, 2017, pp. 2388-2391.
Y. Zheng, J. Gao, Y. Zhou, X. Cao, H. Yang, S. Li and T. Li., Wideband Gain Enhancement and RCS Reduction of Fabry-Perot Resonator Antenna with Chessboard Arranged Metamaterial Superstrate, IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propag., vol. 62, No.6, March 2014, pp. 3141-3149.
X. Zhang, C. Chen, S. Jiang, Y. Wang and W. Chen., A high gain polarization reconfigurable antenna using polarization conversion metasurface, Progress in Electromagnetic Research C, vol. 105, 2020, pp. 1-10.
Z. Szabo, G. H Park, R. Hedge and E. P. Li., A unique extraction of material parameters based on kramers-kronig relationship, IEEE Trans. Microwave theory and techniques, vol. 58, no. 10, October 2010, pp. 2646-2653.
J. Li, Tayeb A. Denidni and Q. Zeng., A Compact Gain-Enhancement Patch Antenna based on Near-Zero-Index Metamaterial Superstrate, in Proc. Int. Symp. on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics (ANTEM), Montreal, QC, Canada. 2016, pp.1-2.
Ehab K. I. Hamad, Wael A. E. Ali, Mohamed Z. M. Hamdalla and Mohamed A. Bassiuny., High gain tripple band microstrip antenna based on metamaterial super lens for wireless communication applications, in Proc. Int. conf. on innovative trends in computer engineering (ITCE), Aswan University, Egypt. 2018, pp. 197-204.
C.A. Balanis., Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design, 3rd edition, (John Wiley & Son New York, 2005, pp. 819-820).
Kumar, P., Single Feed Dual Polarized Patch Antennas for Ultra-Wideband Applications, (2019) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 14 (4), pp. 284-290.
Ravikumar, P., Nikitha, M., Kumar Naik, K., Dual-Band Decagonal Circular Patch Antenna with Complementary Split Ring Resonator on Ground Plane, (2019) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 7 (2), pp. 33-39.
Alnahwi, F., Abdulhameed, A., Abdullah, A., A Compact Integrated UWB/Reconfigurable Microstrip Antenna for Interweave Cognitive Radio Applications, (2018) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 8 (1), pp. 81-86.
Meys, R., Rouibah, A., An Improved Analytical Model for the Rectangular Patch Antenna, (2018) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 8 (1), pp. 27-40.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to email@example.com
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize