Design Analysis of Polyhedron UWB Antenna
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This paper discusses the construction and measurement of Prismatic Polyhedron antenna or known merely as Pn. The antenna element in this research work is half of a wavelength at the design frequency. Several types of Pn are available, where n denotes the number of radiators on the antenna. In this work, the antenna consists of 2 radiators, which is regarded as P2. Also, a half-wave dipole antenna is also discussed because of the similar attributes with the P2 antenna. To determine the antenna’s characteristic, a network analyser, i.e. Agilent Technologies HP8714B RF is used as the measurement tool. The Numerical Electromagnetics Code 2 (NEC2) is employed to simulate the antenna’s ideal characteristics. Both simulation and empirical data are collected and quantified. Based on the measurement, the antenna has shown the results as expected. The antenna may be suitable for UHF-related application, e.g. Zigbee, sensor network, and amateur radio. Such design may be feasible for such applications, which require minimal, sporadic communication and data transfer. Indeed, radio waves at lower frequencies may propagate further and able to penetrate through standard construction wall. Nonetheless, longer wavelengths can lead to an increase in antenna size. At low operating frequency, the constructed antenna can operate at the range between 700-900MHz, and at a higher frequency, the range can be between 1700 - 2000 MHz.
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