Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Enhanced AODV to an End-To-End Connectivity in a Smart City Based on Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks

Ayoub Bouroumine(1*), Abdelilah Maach(2), Mustapha Zekraoui(3), Driss El Ghanami(4)

(1) Mohammadia School of Engineering, University Mohammed V, Morocco
(2) Mohammadia School of Engineering, University Mohammed V, Morocco
(3) Beni Mellal University of Science and Technolgy’s Mechanical Engineering Department, Morocco
(4) Mohammadia School of Engineering, University Mohammed V, Morocco
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/irecap.v8i2.13563

Abstract


In recent years, VANET Networks have been amongst the most research fields worldwide, due to its daily interaction with people's life and the existing intelligent systems services. The Smart Cities represent one of the main users of this network, they identify and deploy VANETs as a network capable of reducing the overhead on the networks with installed infrastructures. VANETs benefit multiple services deployed in the city by reducing their time of operation. Related research in this field have illustrated the importance of the opportunistic network connectivity it offers within the city. Whereas some researches still focus on the improvement they may offer to control the traffic and improve the road safety. Other researches define how the integration of the VANET Networks within the Smart Cities comply to a more connected city. Due to VANETs being capable of reaching far points in the city. In this paper, we focus on the connectivity between two end-users for short communication time, using an enhanced AODV routing protocol for VANET Networks in the context of Smart Cities. Based on the prediction of vehicles movements and regular routes. We focus on the enhancement of the communication connectivity, and also, we improve the End-to-End delays between the end users, while reducing the overhead of routing packets in the network, and improving the network's quality of service.
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Smart City; Vehicular Network; VANETs; AODV; RTTL-AODV

Full Text:

PDF


References


CISCO, The Internet of Things, Infographic, available online at http://blogs.cisco.com/news/the- internet- of- things- infographic , 2015.

Jarupan Boangoat, Ekici Eylem; "A survey of cross-layer design for VANETs", Ad Hoc Networks; Volume 9, Issue 5, July 2011, Pages 966–983.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2010.11.007

S. Schnaufer, S. Kopf, H. Lemelson, W. Effelsber g, "Beacon-based short message exchange in an inner city environment", in: Proceedings of 2010 9th IFIP Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Work- shop (Med-Hoc-Net), 2010, pp. 1–8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/medhocnet.2010.5546868

H. Qin, Z. Li, Y. Wang, X. Lu, W. Zhang, G. Wang, "An integrated net- work of roadside sensors and vehicles for driving safety: concept, design and experiments", in: Proceedings of 2010 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications (PerCom), 2010, pp. 79–87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/percom.2010.5466988

Marsal-Llacuna, M.-L., & Segal, M.E., "The Intelligenter Method (I) for making “smarter” city projects and plans", Cities (2016).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2016.02.006

Alderson, J. (2013). "Smart cities of tomorrow". Electronics World, 119(1924), 50–51.

Z. Zhang , "Routing in intermittently connected mobile ad hoc net- works and delay tolerant networks: overview and challenges", IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 8 (1) (2006) 24–37.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/comst.2006.323440

M. Gerla , E.-K. Lee , G. Pau , U. Lee , "Internet of vehicles: From intelli- gent grid to autonomous cars and vehicular clouds", in: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT), IEEE, 2014, pp. 241–246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/wf-iot.2014.6803166

Perkins, C.E., Belding-Royer, E. M., Das, S.R., “Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing”, IEEE Personal Communications, pp.16-28, 2001.

Karp, B., Kung, H. T., “GPSR: Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing for wireless Networks”, MobiCom 2000.

Alsaqour, R.A., M.S. Abdelhaq and O.A. Alsukour, 2012. "Effect of network parameters on neighbor wireless link breaks in GPSR protocol and enhancement using mobility prediction model". EURASIP J. Wirel. Comm., 171(1): 1-15, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1687-1499-2012-171

A . Ahmad, A . Paul, M. Mazhar Rathore, H. Chang, "Smart cyber society: integration of capillary devices with high usability based on cyber–physical system", Futur. Gener. Comput. Syst. (2015).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2015.08.004

BaraaT. Sharef a, RaedA.Alsaqour a,n, Mahamod Ismail, "Vehicular communication ad hoc routing protocols: A survey", Journal of Network and Computer Applications 40 (2014) 363–396.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2013.09.008

Marco Bonola, Lorenzo Bracciale, Pierpaolo Loreti, Raul Amici, Antonello Rabuffi, Giuseppe Bianchi; "Opportunistic communication in smart city: Experimental insight with small-scale taxi fleets as data carriers", Ad Hoc Networks 43 (2016) 43–55.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2016.02.002

“Sumo: Simulation of urban mobility” www.dlr.de/ts/sumo/en/, accessed: 2015-01-28.

K.-C. Lan, “Move: A practical simulator for mobility model in vanet” in Telematcics Communication Technologies and Vehicular Networks: Wireless Architecture and Applications, Feb 2010, pp. 355–368.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-60566-840-6.ch021

“The network simulator: ns2” http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/, accessed: 2015-01-28.

https://wiki.osmfoundation.org/wiki/

https://www.openstreetmap.org

P. S. a. C. Nayak, "A Review of Performance Evaluation & Enhancement of Proactive and Reactive Routing Protocols of MANET", International Journal for Rapid Research in Engineering Technology & Applied Science, vol. 2, March 2016.

Rathi, D., and R. R. Welekar; "Performance Evaluation of AODV Routing Protocol in VANET with NS2", International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence, vol. 4, 03/2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.9781/ijimai.2017.434

Ilhem Lengliz, Afef Slama, "Enhancing AODV and DSR with the RLT strategy for efficient routing in VANETs", International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC), 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/isncc.2016.7746097

Tareq Emad Ali, Layth A. Khalil al dulaimi, Yamaan E. Majeed, "Review and performance comparison of VANET protocols: AODV, DSR, OLSR, DYMO, DSDV & ZRP", International Conference on Multidisciplinary in IT and Communication Science and Applications (AIC-MITCSA), Al-Sadeq, 9-10 May 2016 .
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/aic-mitcsa.2016.7759934

Ilhem Lengliz, Afef Slama, "Enhancing VANETs' Routing Operation with the Route Lifetime Policy", International Journal of Computer Applications, Volume 164 – No 9, April 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5120/ijca2017913758

Yusor Rafid Bahar Al-Mayouf, Nor Fadzilah Abdullah, Mahamod Ismail, Salih M. Al-Qaraawi, Omar Adil Mahdi, Suleman Khan, "Evaluation of efficient vehicular ad hoc networks based on a maximum distance routing algorithm", EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, December 2016, 2016:265.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13638-016-0760-8

Ayoub Bouroumine, Maach Abdelilah, Mustapha Zekraoui, "Enhancement to the Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector routing protocol for vehicular communications in a Smart City", International Conference on Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications (WINCOM), 2016, 26-29 Oct. 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/wincom.2016.7777216

Mohammed Amine Togou, Abdelhakim Hafid, Lyes Khoukhi, "SCRP: Stable and Reliable CDS-based Routing Protocol for Urban Vehicular Networks ", IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Volume 17 Issue 5, May 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tits.2015.2504129

Ayoub Bouroumine, Maach Abdelilah, Mustapha Zekraoui, "The influence of the opportunistic vehicular networks on smart cities management study case on Agdal district in Rabat city", 4th IEEE International Colloquium on Information Science and Technology (CiSt), 2016, 24-26 Oct. 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/cist.2016.7805002

Ayoub Bouroumine, Maach Abdelilah, Driss El Ghanami, "THE INTERACTION OF VEHICULAR NETWORKS ONTO AN AGILE PLATFORM SCHEME FOR SMART CITIES MANAGEMENT", Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, June 2017, Vol. 95. No. 12, 2017.

C.E. Perkins, P. BhagwatHighly dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector Routing (DSDV) for Mobile Computers”, SIGCOMM ACM , pp. 234-245, (1994).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/190809.190336

David B. Johnson and David A. Maltz.. "Dynamic Source Routing in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks". In Mobile Computing, edited by Tomasz Imielinski and Hank Korth, chapter 5, pages 153–181. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-585-29603-6_5

Ghadhban, H., Muniyandi, R., Improved Kalman Filter Based LAR in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network, (2016) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 9 (5), pp. 361-366.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iremos.v9i5.10265

Abbas, M., Taharem, N., Al-Jemeli, M., Vehicle’s Direction Determination Protocol via VANET, (2016) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 9 (3), pp. 161-166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v9i3.9262

Cherkaoui, B., Beni-hssane, A., Erritali, M., Black Hole Attack Detection in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks Using Statistical Process Control, (2017) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 7 (3), pp. 208-215.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/irecap.v7i3.12259


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize