Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Novel Design of Circularly Polarized Aperture-Coupled Antenna with Harmonic Rejection for Rectenna Application

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



This paper presents a novel design of stacked antenna that operates at 2.45 GHz. The proposed antenna applies a new aperture coupling slot of right triangle which is fed by a single microstrip line and coupled to the radiated patch etched on the top substrate. The two layers of a low-cost FR-4 substrate with relative permittivity of εr= 4.4 are separated by an air gap to enhance the antenna gain to >7 dB. The proposed antenna with right triangular aperture coupling slot has achieved high order harmonic rejection at 4.5 GHz and 6.6 GHz, and circular polarization with an axial bandwidth of 40.8%. Experimentally, the measurement results show a good agreement with the simulated ones, which makes this antenna a good candidate for rectenna applications.
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Antenna; Aperture Coupling; Circular Polarization; Harmonic Rejection; Single-Feed

Full Text:



W. C. Brown, “The history of power transmission by radio waves,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., Sep. 1984, vol. MTT-32, no. 9, pp.1230– 1242.

Qasem, S., Husain, M., Zakaria, Z., Zin, M., Alhegazi, A., Rectenna Designs for RF Energy Harvesting System: a Review, (2016) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 6 (2), pp. 82-89.

M. Han, S. Jung and H. Sohn, "High Efficient Rectenna Using a Harmonic Rejection Low Pass Filter for RF based Wireless Power Transmission," International Wireless Communications Systems (ISWCS) IEEE, 2014, pp.423-426.

A. Mavaddat, S. Armaki, and A. Erfanin, “Millimeter-wave energy harvesting using 4 × 4 microstrip patch antenna array,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., Feb. 2015, vol. 14, pp. 515–518.

X.-X. Yang, C. Jiang, A. Elsherbeni, F. Yang, and Y. Q. Wang, “A novel compact printed rectenna for data communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., May 2013, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 2532–2539.

S. V. Kumar, P. Patel, A. Mittal, "Design, Analysis and Fabrication of Rectenna for Wireless Power Transmission - Virtual Battery," National Conference on Communication, Kharagpur India, Feb. 3, 2012, pp.1-4.

J. Zhang, Z. P. Wu, C. G. Liu, B. H. Zhang and B. Zhang, “A Double-sided Rectenna Design for RF Energy Harvesting,” International Wireless Symposium (IWS), IEEE, April, 2015, vol. 56, no. 3, pp.882–886.

T. C. Yo, C. M. Lee, C. M. Hsu, and C. H. Luo, “Compact circularly polarized rectenna with unbalanced circular slots,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Mar. 2008, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 882–886.

M. S. Bin-Melha, R. A. Abd-Alhameed, C. H. See, M. Usman, I. T.E. Elfergani, and J. M. Noras, “Harmonic rejection triangle patch antenna,” PIERS Proc., 2012, pp. 1514–1517.

F.-J. Huang, T.-C. Yo, C.-M. Lee, and C.-H. Luo, “Design of circular polarization antenna with harmonic suppression for rectenna application,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., May 2012, vol. 11, pp. 592–595.

Z. K. Ma and G. A. E. Vandenbosch “Wideband harmonic rejection filtenna for wireless power transfer,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Oct. vol. 62, no. 1, 371–377.

R. A. Rahim, M. N. Junita, S. I. S Hassan, and H. F. Hassan, “Harmonics suppression circular polarization elliptical shape microstrip patch antenna, ”IEEE 2nd International Conference in Technology, Informatics, Management, Engineering, and Environment (TIME-E), August 2014, pp. 147-150.

M. I. Sabran, S. K. A. Rahim, T. A. Rahman, A. A. Eteng, and Y. Yamada, “U-shaped harmonic rejection filtenna for compact rectenna application,” IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference In Microwave (APMC), November 2014 pp. 1007-1009.

U. Pattapu, S. P. Biswal, and S. Das, “A 2.45 GHz DGS based harmonic rejection antenna for rectenna application,”IEEE USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, July 2017, pp. 123-124.

M. I. Sabran, S. K. A. Rahim, L. C. Yen, T. A. Rahman, A. A. Eteng, and N. M. Jizat, “Compact filtenna with defected ground structure for wireless power transfer application, ”IEEE International Symposium In Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), November 2015, pp. 1-4

Z. Kang, X. Lin, C. Tang, P. Mei, W. Liu, and Y. Fan, “2.45-GHz wideband harmonic rejection rectenna for wireless power transfer,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 9, no. 5, pp.977-983.

A. Kumar, U. Pattapu, A. C. Das, and S. Das, “A 2.45 GHz harmonic rejection antenna for wireless power transfer applications,”. IEEE Topical Conference In Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications (APWC), September 2017, pp. 81-84.

Z. Harouni, L. Osman, and A. Gharsallah, “Efficient 2. 45 GHz rectenna design with high harmonic rejection for wireless power transmission,” International Journal of Computer Science, vol. 7, no. 5, 2010.

C. H. Wu, G. P. Pan, H. M. Hsu, and J. S. Sun, “A 2.45-GHz planar array antenna with harmonic suppression for wireless power transmission applications, ”IEEE In Wireless Power Transfer Conference (WPTC), 2017 pp. 1-3.

H. Takhedmit, B. Merabet, L. Cirio, B. Allard, F. Costa, C. Vollaire, and O. Picon, “A 2.45-GHz low cost and efficient rectenna,” in Proc. 4th Eur. Antennas Propag. Conf., 2010, pp. 1–5.

J.-H. Chou, D.-B. Lin, K.-L. Weng, and H.-J. Li, “Novel T-shape slot couple feed dual circular polarized rectenna,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Antennas Propog., Nagoya, Japan, Nov. 2012, pp. 178– 181. Available at:

Chou, J. H., Lin, D. B., Weng, K. L. and Li, H. J., “All Polarization Receiving Rectenna With Harmonic Rejection Property for Wireless Power Transmission,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag, Oct. 2014, Vol. 62, No.10, pp. 5242-5249.

P.-Y. Qin, A. R. Weily, Y. Guo, and C.-H. Liang, "Polarization reconfigurable U-slot patch antenna," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 58, pp. 3383-3388, 2010.

M. I. Sabran, S. K. A. Rahim, C. Y. Leow, P. J. Soh, B. W. Chew, and G. A. Vandenbosch, “Compact circularly polarized truncated square ring slot antenna with suppressed higher resonances, ”PloS one, Vol. 12, no. 2, p.e0172162.

K. L. Chung, “A wideband circularly polarized H-shaped patch antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., Oct. 2010, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 3379–3383.

Lakhal, H., Dhieb, M., Ghariani, H., Lahiani, M., Design and Optimization of a Rectenna for Wireless Remote Supply Applications, (2016) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 9 (1), pp. 44-48.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize