Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Performance Enhancement of an Inset Fed Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna Using Periodic Defected Ground Structure and EBG Superstrates for Applications in the Millimeter Wave Band

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



The aim of this work is to enhance the intrinsic performance of a circular microstrip patch antenna, using two optimization techniques, widely used nowadays in antenna field, due to their promising features of improving gain, directivity, and return loss. The first one consists on incorporating a periodic DGS (Defected ground Structure) in the ground plane of the proposed antenna , while the second method involve adding double EBG dielectric superstrate atop of the patch. The proposed antenna is designed to operate in the millimeter wave band, more exactly at 30GHz, formulated using cavity model, and its behavior has been explained using an EM-simulator, based on finite element method: HFSSv15(High Frequency Structure Simulator).
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna; DGS Structure; Millimeter Wave; EHF Band; Inset Fed; EBG; Dielectric Superstrate

Full Text:



I. Venneri, A. Borgia, L. Boccia, G. Amendola, G. Di Massa “ Millimeter waves patch antenna design and realization on BCB polymer substrates” Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium (APSURSI), 2013 IEEE, 5-11 July 2008.

Rongguo Zhou , Duixian Liu , Hao Xin “A Wideband Circularly Polarized Patch Antenna for 60 GHz Wireless Communications” Wireless Engineering and Technology, 2012, 3, 97-105.

M.B. Das, “High-frequency performance limitations of millimeter-wave heterojunction bipolar transistors”IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, Volume. 35, No. 5, May 1988.

T. Yamawaki, S. Yamano “ 60Ghz millimeter-wave Automotive Radar”Fujitsu Ten Tech. J., No. 11, 1998.

A. Pazmany “Millimeter-Wave Radars” ProSensingInc107 Sunderland Rd, Amherst, MA 01002 USA.

R. Chernobrovkin, D. Ivanchenko, I. Ivanchenko, N. Popenko, V. Pishikov “Wide band antenna for millimeter wave applications” Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2013 7th European Conference.

Masood Ur-Rehman, Qammer Hussain Abbasi, Atiqur Rahman, Imdad Khan, Hassan Tariq Chattha, and Mohammad Abdul Matin “Millimetre-Wave Antennas and Systems for the Future 5G” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation Volume 2017 Article ID 6135601, 2 pages.

J. Hirokawa” Millimeter-wave antenna technologies for 5G mobile communication systems” Electromagnetics: Applications and Student Innovation Competition (iWEM), 2016 IEEE International Workshop 16-18 May 2016.

M. El Shorbagy, R. M. Shubair, M. I. AlHajri, N. KhaddajMallat “On the design of millimetre-wave antennas for 5G” Microwave Symposium (MMS), 2016 16th Mediterranean.

A. Sebak “High gain millimeter wave antennas for 5G wireless and security imaging systems” Radio Science Conference (NRSC), 2016 33rd National, 22-25 Feb. 2016.

P. Adhikari “Understanding Millimeter Wave Wireless Communication” VP of Business Development for Network Solutions,Loea Corporation, San Diego.

A. Kaushal, S. Tyagi “Microstrip patch antenna, its types, merits demerists and its applications” International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, July, 2015.

S. Bhunia, Microstrip Patch Antenna’s Limitation and Some Remedies” IJECT Vol 4, IssuEsp l-1, Jan-March 2013.

V. SARTHAK, P. PATEL” Comparison of Microstrip Rectangular & Square Patch Antenna for 5GHz” Journal of Information, Knowledge and Research in Electronics and Communication, Nov 13 to Oct 14 Volume – 03, Issue – 01, Page 1064.

Yong Liu, Li-Ming Si, Meng Wei, Pixian Yan, Pengfei Yang, Hongda Lu, Chao Zheng, Yong Yuan, JinchaoMou, Xin Lv, and Housjun Sun “Some Recent Developments of Microstrip Antenna” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation Volume 2012,Article ID 428284, 10 pages.

N.T.Markad, R.D.Kanphade, D.G Wakade “Design of Cavity Model Microstrip Patch Antenna” Computer Engineering and Intelligent Systems Vol.6, No.4, 2015.

M. Mahajan, S. K. Khah, and T. Chakravarty“Extended Cavity Model Analysis of Stacked Circular Disc” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 65, 287-308, 2006.

K. P. Ray Girish Kuma, “ Regularly Shaped Broadband MSA’s” Broadband Microstrip Antennas, chapter2, page 66.

K. Guney, N. Sarikaya “ Resonant Frequency Calculation for Circular Microstrip Antennas with a Dielectric cover using Adaptive Network-Based Fuzzy Inference System optimized by various Algorithms”Electromagnetics Research, PIER 72, 279–306, 2007.

A. Zaidi, A. Baghdad, A. Ballouk, A. Badri “Design and optimization of an inset fed circular microstrip patch antenna using DGS structure for applications in the millimeter wave band” Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications (WINCOM), 2016 International Conference on 26-29 Oct. 2016 .Fez, Morocco.

Constantine A.Balanis, “Microstrip antennas” Antenna theory, analysis and design, page 753.

R. Panda, S. Kshetrimayum “An inset fed dual frequency circular microstrip antenna with a rectangular slot for applications in wireless communication” Emerging Trends in Electrical and Computer Technology (ICETECT), 2011 International Conference.

G. Singh &Momi, R. S. “Microstrip Patch Antenna with defected ground structure for bandwidth enhancement” International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 73– No.9, July 2013.

D. Guha&Yahia M. M. Antar “Defected Ground Structure for Microstrip Antennas” Microstrip and Printed antennas, published in 2011, chapter 12, page 412.

Chakraborty, S., Chakraborty, U., Ghosh, S., & Chakraborty, M. “Design and Development of Multiband Circular Microstrip Antenna with Resonating Slot in the Ground Plane”.International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE) Volume 5, Issue 3, March 2016, ISSN: 2278–909X,PP-537-542.

Chopra, V., Kaur, M., &Jha, S. K. (2013) “Design and optimization of microstrip patch antenna with defected ground structure and a circular slot on the patch”International Journal of Applied Science and Engineering Research, 2(4), 460-468.

S. Roy, P. BikashSaha, M. Bhowmik “Rectangular patch antenna for wireless LAN frequency with periodic DGS structure” Communications and Signal Processing (ICCSP), 2015 International Conference on 2-4 April 2015.

Jangid, K. G., Sharma, V., Sharma, R., Saxena, V. K., Bhatnagar, D., &Kulhar, V. S. (2015) “Design of Compact Microstrip Patch Antenna with DGS Structure for WLAN & Wi-MAX Applications”. European Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, 2(1), 8-11.

Sanyal, G., & Vyas, K. “A CPW fed Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna with Defected Ground Structure” International Conference on Communication and Electronics System Design, 2013, Jaipur, India, Volume 8760,87600J (2013).

H. Errifi, A. Baghdad, A. Badri, and A. Sahel “Enhancement of Inset Feed Microstrip Semicircular Patch Antenna Directivity using Dielectric Superstrate” International Journal of Computer and Information Technology (ISSN: 2279 – 0764) Volume 04 – Issue 02, March 2015.

H. Errifi, A. Baghdad, A. Badri, and A. Sahel “Enhanced Patch Antenna Performance Using Two Layers Dielectric Superstrate in Probe-Edge-Inset and Aperture Feeding Methods” International Journal of Signal Processing Systems Vol. 4, No. 5, October 2016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize