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Symmetrical Couple F-Shaped Notches with High Rejection C-Band of UWB Patch Antenna

Raed Abdulkareem Abdulhasan(1*), Khairun Nidzam Ramli(2), Rozlan Alias(3), Shipun Anuar Hamzah‏(4), Lukman Audah‏(5), Adeeb Salh(6), Abdul Rashid O. Mumin(7), Yasir Amer Jawhar(8)

(1) Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia‎, Malaysia
(2) ‎Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(3) ‎Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(4) ‎Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(5) ‎Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(6) ‎Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(7) Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(8) Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,‎ Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/irecap.v7i7.12537

Abstract


The ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna is developed to cover a broad bandwidth. ‎The UWB radio systems are interfered ‎by the ‎same ‎spectrum ‎that shared with the local bands. In this paper, two F-shaped slots on a hexagonal patch UWB antenna are demonstrated ‎‎ to realize a high band rejection. The symmetrical couple F-slots is ‎notched on the hexagonal UWB ‎ ‎patch antenna to avoid the interference ‎and ‎‎enhance the notching results at C-band. The demonstrated ‎antenna employs a coplanar waveguide ‎(CPW) technique to meet a fractional bandwidth of 126%. The proposed method validates ‎several ‎‎reconfigurations of the F-slot location on the demonstrated design. Six steps ‎parametric study are considered to test the slots location. The results of the proposed antenna with slots are introduced based on analytical, simulation, and ‎measurement. The total design size ‎‎28 mm × 43 mm × 1.6 ‎mm is simulated by ‎using CST Microwave Studio. The two F-slots are achieved the antenna gain of -6 dB, ‎return loss of -1.2 ‎dB, and ‎VSWR of 15.2 at the rejected band of 4 GHz. The ‎measurement results are compared with the simulation results between the three ‎prototypes. The current ‎distribution on the design is discussed at 2.88 GHz and 4 GHz frequencies. The radiation patterns illustrate ‎omnidirectional of H-plane and bidirectional of E-plane. This paper validates the slots locations to enhance the notches performance and reduce the interference.
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Keywords


C-Band; Couple F-Shaped; CPW; Hexagonal Patch; High Band Rejection; Notch Location; Slot; UWB Antenna

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References


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