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Energy Efficient Design of Massive MIMO by Incorporating with Mutual Coupling

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Demand for having a higher throughput and spectral efficiency has been getting increased exponentially with every passing year. Future generation networks will have to deal with large number of users, offering a higher spectral efficiency, less power consumptions and with increased energy efficiency. Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) has proved to be an auspicious candidate in that context. It purveys higher spectral and energy efficiency by adopting large number of transmitting antennas which in turn requires a large number of transceiver chains. In this paper we have assumed that transmitting antennas are closely placed, resulting into the phenomena of mutual coupling because in practical situations transmitting antennas have to deal with some sort of mutual coupling. We have estimated the performance of Massive MIMO by calculating the achievable rate at different number of transmitting antennas and users by considering the overhead factor and mutual coupling. Moreover we have maximized the energy efficiency of Massive MIMO and calculated the optimal number of transmitters and receivers by incorporating with overhead factor and mutual coupling at different area of coverage.
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Massive MIMO; User Terminal; Base Station; Channel State Information; Time Division Duplex

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