Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A New Dual Band Planar Fractal Antenna for UMTS and ISM Bands

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



This paper presents a new dual band planar fractal antenna based on an elliptic geometry. The antenna results show two resonance frequencies at 2.35 GHz and 5.8 GHz with a -10 dB return loss bandwidths respectively of 750 MHz and 320 MHz which cover Universal Mobile Telecommunications System band (1920 - 1980 MHz / 2110 - 2170 MHz) and Industrial, Scientific and Medical bands (2400 - 2500 MHz and 5725 - 5875 MHz). The antenna originality resides in its small size 55 × 30 mm² implemented over an FR4 substrate of 4.4 for relative permittivity, 1.6 mm for thickness and 0.025 for loss tangent.
Copyright © 2017 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Fractal; IFS; ISM; Planar Antenna; UMTS

Full Text:



B. B. Mandelbrot, les objets fractals : forme hasard et dimension (Nouvelle bibliothèque scientifiques, 1975).

H. V. Koch, Une méthode géométrique élémentaire pour l’étude de certaines questions de la théorie des courbes planes, Acta Mathematica, Volume 30, (Issue 1), 1906, pages 145-174.

W. Sierpiński, On Curves Which Contain the Image of Any Given Curve, Mat. Sbornik, volume 30, 1916, pages 267-287.

C. Puente, J. Romeu, R. Pous, J. Ramis, A.Hijazo, Small but long Koch fractal Monopole, IEEE Electronics Letters, Volume 34, (Issue 1), January 1998, pages 9-10.

C. Puente, J. Romeu, R. Pous, X. Garcia, F. Benítez, Fractal Multiband Antenna Based on the Sierpinski Gasket, IEEE Electronics Letters, Volume 32, (Issue 1), January 1996, pages 1-2.

N. Cohen, Fractal Antennas, Communications Quarterly, Volume 9, Summer 1995, pages 7-23.

J. Li, T. Jiang, C. Cheng, Hilbert Fractal Antenna for UHF Detection of Partial Discharges in Transformers, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Volume 20, (Issue 6), December 2013, pages 2017- 2025.

M. R. Jena, B. B. Mangaraj, D. Mishra, Bandwidth and Gain Enhancement of Multiband Fractal Antenna Based on The Sierpinski Carpet Geometry, ICTACT Journal on Communication Technology, Volume 4, (Issue 1), March 2013, pages 669-674.

Y. K. Choukiker, S. K. Sharma, S. K. Behera, Hybrid Fractal Shape Planar Monopole Antenna Covering Multiband Wireless Communications with MIMO Implementation for Handheld Mobile Devices, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, volume 62, (Issue 3), March 2014, pages 1483-1488.

D. H. Werner, Fractal Antennas, antenneX Online magazine, (Issue 81), January 2004.

M. Alibakhshi-Kenari, M. Naser-Moghadasi, R. Ali Sadeghzadeh, B. S. Virdee, E. Limiti, Dual-band RFID tag antenna based on the Hilbert-curve fractal for HF and UHF applications, IET Circuits, Devices & Systems, Volume 10, (Issue 2), March 2016, pages 140-146.

A. Jamil, M. Z. Yusoff, N. Yahya, M. A. Zakariya, A Compact Multiband Hybrid Meander- Koch Fractal Antenna for WLAN USB Dongle, IEEE Conference on Open Systems (ICOS2011), Langkawi, Malaysia, September 2011, pages 25-28.

Ali, J., Microstrip-Fed Printed Slot Antennas Based on Hilbert-Type Space-Filling Curves for Wireless Communication Systems, (2013) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 3 (6), pp. 303-309.

Shokyfeh, A., Modified Square Fractal Antenna for Multiband Application, (2015) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 5 (5), pp. 297-300.

Bandi, S., Sudhakar, A., Padma Raju, K., A Microstrip Rectangle Carpet Shaped Fractal Antenna for UWB Applications, (2016) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 6 (2), pp. 111-115.

Vasanthi, M., Srigayathri, V., Design and Simulation of Tri-Band Active Automotive Antenna, (2016) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 6 (4), pp. 226-231.

Arulaalan, M., Nithyanandan, L., Dual Band Triangular Microstrip Antenna for WLAN/WiMAX Applications, (2016) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 6 (3), pp. 132-137.

C. A. Balanis, Antenna theory: Analysis and Design (J. Wiley & Sons, 2009).

C. Mahatthanajatuphat, S. Saleekaw, P. Akkaraekthalin, A Rhombic Patch Monopole Antenna with Modified Minkowski Fractal Geometry for UMTS, WLAN and Mobile WiMAX applications, Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 89, October 2009, pages 57-74.

T. Benyetho, L. El Abdellaoui, A. Tajmouati, A. Tribak, M. Latrach, Handbook of Research on Advanced Trends in Microwave and Communication Engineering (IGI Global, 2016, pages 1-33).

H. Oraizi, S. Hedayati, Miniaturization of Microstrip Antennas by the Novel Application of the Giuseppe Peano Fractal Geometries, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Volume 60, (Issue 8), August 2012, pages 3559-3567.

A. Peristerianos, A. Theopoulos, A. G. Koutinos, T. Kaifas, K. Siakavara, Dual-and Fractal Semi-Printed element Antenna Arrays for MIMO Applications, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Volume 15, August 2015, pages 730-733.

I. Zahraoui, A. Errkik, J. Zbitou, A. Tajmouati, A. S. Mediavilla, A Novel Design of a Fractal Antenna for IMT and WiMAX Applications, International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, Volume 11, (Issue 6), 2016, pages 428-434.

S. Swathi, V. Bhanumati, Triple Band Monopole Antenna for WLAN and WIMAX Applications, Fifth International Conference On Recent Trends In Information Technology (ICRTIT), Chennai (India), April 2016, pages 1-4.

T. Kalaimani, P. V. Maheswara, R. Mohanamuraliand, T. Shanmuganantham, A Modified Sierpinski Carpet Fractal Antenna for Wireless Applications, International conference on Communication and Signal Processing, India, April 2013, pages 722-725.

K. Sawant, R. Kumar, A. N. Gaikwad, A Novel CPW-FED Circular Square-Corner Fractal Antenna with Varying Notch-Band for UWB Applications", International Conference on Communication, Information & Computing Technology (ICCICT), Mumbai (India), October 2012, pages 1-6.

P. Wu, Z. Kuai, X. Zhu, Multiband Antenna Comprising: Multiple Frame-Printed Dipoles, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, volume 57, (Issue 10), October 2009, pages 3313–3316.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize