Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Patch Antenna on a Solar Cell for Satellite Communications

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



The goal of this work was to use new patch antenna structures based on photovoltaic cells. The radiating patch element of a patch antenna was replaced by a solar cell. Direct Current (DC) generation remained the original feature of the solar cell, but additionally it was now able to receive and transmit electromagnetic waves. It is dedicated to harvesting the energy on the one hand and on the other hand to the RF transmission for telecommunications applications in isolated environments. We propose a square grid with four bus bars around the active area, for this geometry fingers are considered uniform and evenly spaced. A mathematical model which would serve the minimization of power losses of the cell and therefore the improvement in the conversion efficiency was studied. A simulation allowed analyzing the performance of the antenna, with a silicon material, and testing its parameters such as the reflection coefficient (S11), gain, directivity and radiated power. The performance analysis of the solar cell patch antenna was conducted using Advanced Design System (ADS) software. Simulation results for this antenna showed a resonance at a frequency of 14.88 GHz with an effective return loss of -14.77dB and a gain of 5.77dBi.
Copyright © 2016 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Patch Antenna; Photovoltaic Cell; Optimization of the Collection Grid; Optical and Electrical Losses; Electric Power Collected

Full Text:



R. L. Fante, Okan Yurduseven, David Smith, Nicola Pearsall, Ian Forbes, “A solar cell stacked slot-loases suspended microstrip patch antenna with multiband resonance characteristics for WLAN and WIMAX SYSTEMS”, Progress In Electromagnetics Research, Vol. 142, 321–332, 2013.

Shynu, S. V., M. J. R. Ons, P. McEvoy, M. J. Ammann, S. J. McCormack, and B. Norton, “Integration of microstrip patch antenna with polycrystalline silicon solar cell,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag, Vol. 57, No. 12, 3969–3972, Dec. 2009

Turpin, T. W. and R. Baktur, “Meshed patch antennas integrated on solar cells,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett, Vol. 8, 693– 696, 2009.

A. Suresh Kumar, S. Sundaravadivelu, Performance analysis of solar cell antenna with hybrid mesh and aght-8 material,” Scholarly Journal of Scientific Research and Essay (SJSRE) Vol. 3(4), pp.51-55 May 2014

Danesh, M. and J. R. Long, “An autonomous wireless sensor node incorporating a solar cell antenna for energy harvesting,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech, Vol. 59, No. 12, 3546–3555, Nov. 2011.

Ons, M.J.R.; Shynu, S.V.; Ammann, M.J.; McCormack, S.; Norton, B. “Investigation on Proximity-Coupled Microstrip Integrated PV Antenna”, IEEE Antennas and Propagation, 2007. EuCAP 2007, pp. 1 – 3.

Bendel C., Henze N. and Kirchhof J. “Die photovoltaischePlanarantenne – High-Tec durch multifunktionale Nutzung der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Solarzellen,” 16. Symposium photovoltaische Solarenergie, Staffelstein 2001, pp.37-42

Bendel C., Henze N. and Kirchhof J.: “Solar Planar Antenna – SOLPLANT,” 17th European Photovoltaic Energy Conference, Munich 22-26 Oct. 2001.

T.Bendib, F. Djeffal, “Electrical Performance Optimization of Nanoscale Double-Gate MOSFETs Using Multi-objective Genetic Algorithms,” IEEE Trans on Electron Devices, Vol. 58, pp. 3743 –3750, 2011.

F. Djeffal, N. Lakhdar, A. Yousfi, “An optimized design of 10-nmscale dual-material surrounded gate MOSFETs for digital circuit applications,” Physica E: Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, Vol. 44, pp. 339-344, 2011.

A. Cheknane, B. Benyoucef, J.P. Charles and R. Zerdoum, “Optimisation et Conception d une Grille Collectrice Appliquée aux Photopiles Fonctionnant sous Haute Concentration Solaire,” Rev. Energ. Ren. Vol. 7 (2004) 95-108.

A. Cheknane, B. Benyoucef, J.-P. Charlesb, R. Zerdoumc, M. Trarid, “Minimization of the effect of the collecting grid in solar cell based silicon,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 87 (2005) 557–565.

P. Morvillo, E. Bobeico, F. Formisano, F. Roca, “Influence of metal grid patterns on the performance of silicon solar cells at different illumination levels,” Materials Science and Engineering B 159–160 (2009) 318–321.

M.A. Green, Solar Cells: Operating Principles Technology and System Applications, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 1995.

A. Morales-Acevedo, “Optimum concentration factor for silicon solar cells,” Solar Cells 14 (1985) 43–49.

Slimani, A., Bennani, S., El Alami, A., Harkat, H., Conception and Optimization of Patch Array Antenna for WiMAX Applications Using Stubs and Slots Techniques Matching, (2015) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 5 (1), pp. 39-45.

Tabakh, I., Jorio, M., El Amrani El Idrissi, N., Mazri, T., Design and Optimization of a New Slotted Patch Antenna for RFID Applications, (2016) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 6 (1), pp. 33-38.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize