Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Mobile Positioning Technique Based on Timing Advance and Microcell Zone Concept for GSM Systems

Khalid G. Samarah(1*)

(1) Electrical Engineering Department, Mutah University, Jordan
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/irecap.v6i4.9161

Abstract


This paper aims to present an approximate location of a Mobile Station (MS) in Microcell zone concept in GSM system based on retrieving the Timing Advance (TA) from the Base Station (BS). In microcell concept, three or more zone sites are connected to a single BS and share the same radio equipment. Therefore, a MS travels within the cell uses the same frequency band assigned to the cell and served by the zone site with the strongest signal. Unlike sectoring, this method requires no additional hardware and a handoff procedure is not required at the Mobile Station Controller (MSC) when the MS travels between different zones within the same cell. The base station switches the channel to the next zone site. This algorithm is very useful for measuring the TA by the MSC while the MS is at the idle mode, since the BS can switch the channel to a different zone. By doing so and measuring the TA at each time the channel is switched to the next zone, a promising mobile positioning technique can be determined. Matlab simulation based location results and measurements statistics are also provided as MS coordinates, distances from the zone sites and the angles between the MS position and the zone site. These results using the direct solution approximated the error in calculating the distances between the MS and the zone sites to values between 100 – 133 meters.
Copyright © 2016 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Cellular Systems; GSM; Microcell Zone; Positioning; Timing Advance (TA)

Full Text:

PDF


References


FCC, "FCC Adopts Rules to Implement Enhanced 911 for Wireless Services," ed. FCC Docket No. 94-102 Press Release DC 96-52, 1996.

C. Drane, M. Macnaughtan, and C. Scott, "Positioning GSM telephones," Communications Magazine, IEEE, vol. 36, pp. 46-54, 59, 1998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/35.667413

B. Singh, S. Pallai, and S. K. Rath, "A Survey of Cellular Positioning Techniques in GSM Networks," in National Conference in Mobile Computing-NCMC'12, 2012.

E. J. Nnenna and O. H. Onyekachi, "Mobile Positioning Techniques in GSM Cellular Networks: A Comparative Performance Analysis," International Journal of Computer Technology and Electronics Engineering (IJCTEE), vol. Volume 2, p. 9, December 2012 2012.

Vadivukkarasi, K., Kumar, R., A Novel Algorithm to Improve Indoor Localization Accuracy and Path-Loss Reduction Using Real Time RSSI, (2015) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 10 (3), pp. 332-339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/irecos.v10i3.5752

A. Mesmoudi, M. Feham, N. Labraoui, and C. Bekara, "An Efficient Area-Based Localization Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks," International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), vol. 10, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/irecos.v10i10.7783

I. K. Adusei, K. Kyamakya, and K. Jobmann, "Mobile positioning technologies in cellular networks: an evaluation of their performance metrics," in MILCOM 2002. Proceedings, 2002, pp. 1239-1244 vol.2.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/milcom.2002.1179656

J. Talvitie and E. S. Lohan, "Modeling Received Signal Strength measurements for cellular network based positioning," in Localization and GNSS (ICL-GNSS), 2013 International Conference on, 2013, pp. 1-6.

E. Trevisani and A. Vitaletti, "Cell-ID location technique, limits and benefits: an experimental study," in Mobile Computing Systems and Applications, 2004. WMCSA 2004. Sixth IEEE Workshop on, 2004, pp. 51-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/mcsa.2004.9

W. S. M. Jr. and W. Hereman, "Determination of a Position in three Dimentions using Trilateration and Approximate Disyances," Department of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 1995.

W. Y. Chiu and B. S. Chen, "Mobile Positioning Problem in Manhattan-Like Urban Areas: Uniqueness of Solution, Optimal Deployment of BSs, and Fuzzy Implementation," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 57, pp. 4918-4929, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tsp.2009.2026601

H. A. Obeidat, W. Shuaieb, H. Alhassan, K. Samarah, M. Abousitta, R. A. Abd-Alhameed, et al., "Location based services using received Signal Strength algorithms," in Internet Technologies and Applications (ITA), 2015, 2015, pp. 411-413.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/itecha.2015.7317437

M. I. Silventoinen and T. Rantalainen, "Mobile station emergency locating in GSM," in Personal Wireless Communications, 1996., IEEE International Conference on, 1996, pp. 232-238.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icpwc.1996.494274

M. A. Spirito and A. G. Mattioli, "Preliminary experimental results of a GSM mobile phones positioning system based on timing advance," in Vehicular Technology Conference, 1999. VTC 1999 - Fall. IEEE VTS 50th, 1999, pp. 2072-2076 vol.4.

E. T. S. Institute, "Evaluation sheet for the uplink TOA positioning method, T1P1/98-103, T1P1.5/98-105r4," in Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Location Services (LCS); (Functional description) - Stage 2, (GSM 02.00 version 0.0.6), ed: ETSI, 1998.

M. Pettersen, R. Eckhoff, P. H. Lehne, T. A. Worren, and E. Melby, "An experimental evaluation of network-based methods for mobile station positioning," in Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2002. The 13th IEEE International Symposium on, 2002, pp. 2287-2291 vol.5.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pimrc.2002.1046552

S. A. Hussain, M. Emran, M. Salman, U. Shakeel, M. Naeem, S. Ahmed, et al., "Positioning a Mobile Subscriber in a Cellular Network System based on Signal Strength," IAENG International Journal of Computer Science, vol. 34, pp. p245-250. 6p., December 2007 2007.

W. C. Y. Lee, Mobile Cellular Telecommunications 2nd ed.: McGraw Hill,, 2006.

J. B. Anderson, T. S. Rappaport, and S. Yoshida. (1995, January 1995) Propagation Measurements and Models for Wireless Communication Channels. IEEE Communiucations Magazine. 29-42.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/35.339880

J. D. Parsons, The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel, Second Edition ed.: Wiley, 2000.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/0470841524

E. T. S. Institute, "European digital cellular telecommunications system (phase 1); Radio Sub-system Synchronization," in (ETSI) Recommendation GSM 05.10, ed, 1992.

ETSI, "Technical Specification Group GSM EDGE Radio Access Network; Layer 1; General requirements (Release 8)," in Technical Specification; 3rd Generation Partnership Project;, ed: 3GPP TS 44.004 V8.0.0 (2008-12), 2008.

E. T. S. Institute, "European digital cellular telecommunications system (phase 2); Radio Sub-system Synchronization (GSM 05.10). Version 4.4.0," in ETSI-European Telecommun. Standards Institute, ed, 1994.

E. T. S. Institute, "European digital cellular telecommunications system (phase 1); Multiplexing and Multiple Access on the Radio Path," in (ETSI) Draft Recommendation GSM 05.02, ed, 1995.

W. Navidi, W. S. Murphy Jr, and W. Hereman, "Statistical methods in surveying by trilateration," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, vol. 27, pp. 209-227, 4/3/ 1998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0167-9473(97)00053-4

B. T. Fang, "Trilateration and extension to Global Positioning System navigation," Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, vol. 9, pp. 715-717, 1986/11/01 1986.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.20169


Refbacks




Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize