Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Reflection Phase Characteristics of EBG Structures and WLAN Band Notched Circular Monopole Antenna Design

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



Circular monopole antenna for Ultra wide band (UWB) applications with band notch property is proposed. The proposed antenna rejects wireless local area network WLAN band (5-6 GHz). In this paper reflection phase property of EBG structures is proved using mathematical analysis. Furthermore reflection phase and dispersion diagram both estimate same band gap in EBG structures.Antenna utilises modified mushroom-type Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) structures to achieve band-notched design. The advantages of band notched designs using EBG structures like notch-frequency tuning, antenna design independent approach and stable radiation pattern are also shown. About 7 % reduction in size of EBG patch is obtained if conventional mushroom type EBG is replaced by proposed I-slot type EBG. Fabricated and measured results are in good agreement with simulated ones.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Dispersion Diagram; Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG); Notch Band; Reflection Phase; Ultra Wide Band (UWB) Antenna

Full Text:



C.A.Balanis,Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd ed, 811-876, Wiley India Edition 2012

K.F.lee, K.M.Luk, Microstrip Patch Antennas, Imperial college press”, 2011

M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael, and R. Kohno, Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering, 2nd ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2007.

J. Liang, C. C. Chiau, X. Chen, and C. G. Parini, “Printed circular disc monopole antenna for ultra-wideband applications,” Electron. Lett., vol. 40, no. 20, pp. 1246–1248, 2004

Y. J. Cho, K. H. Kim, D. H. Choi, S. S. Lee, and S. O. Park, “A miniature UWB planar monopole antenna with 5-Ghz band-rejection filter and the time-domain characteristics,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.,vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1453–1460, May 2006.

Q. X. Chu and Y. Y. Yang, “A compact ultra-wideband antenna with 3.4/5.5 Ghz dual band-notched characteristics,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 3637–3644, Dec. 2008.

Y. D. Dong, W. Hong, Z. Q. Kuai, and J. X. Chen, “Analysis of planar ultra-wideband antennas with on-ground slot band-notched structures,”IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 1886–1893, Jul.2009.

K. S. Ryu and A. A. Kishk, “UWB antenna with single or dual band notches for lower WLAN band and upper WLAN band,” IEEE Trans.AntennasPropag., vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 3942–3950, Dec. 2009

A. M. Abbosh and M. E. Bialkowski, “Design of UWB planar band-notched antenna using parasitic elements,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 796–799, Mar. 2009.

K. H. Kim and S. O. Park, “Analysis of the small band-rejected antenna with the parasitic strip for UWB,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 1688–1692, Jun. 2006.

W. J. Lui, C. H. Cheng, Y. Cheng, and H. Zhu, “Frequency notched ultra-wideband microstrip slot antenna with fractal tuning stub,” Electron. Lett., vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 294–296, Mar. 2005.

S. W. Qu, J. L. Li, and Q. Xue, “A band-notched ultra-wideband printed monopole antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 495–498, 2006

E. Pancera, D. Modotto, A. Locatelli, F. M. Pigozzo, and C. D. Angelis, “Novel design of UWB antenna with band-notch capability,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Wireless Technol., 2007, pp. 48–50.

T. Kamgaing, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces for mitigation of switching noise in high speed circuits” Ph.D. dissereration, University of Maryland, USA, 2003.

D.Sievenpiper, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces”, Ph.D. dissereration ,Department of Electrical Engineering University of California,Los Angeles,CA,1999

F.Yang and Y.Rahmat-Samii, Electromagnetic Band Gap Structures in Antenna Engineering, Cambridge University Press, 2009.

F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 51,pp. 2691–2703, Oct. 2003.

M. Yazdi, N.Komjani, “Design of a Band-Notched UWB Monopole Antenna by Means of an EBG Structure” IEEE Tran. on Antenna and Wireless Propagation, vol.10, pp.170-173, Jan 2011.

L.Peng, C.Ruan, “UWB Band-Notched Monopole Antenna Design Using Electromagnetic-Bandgap Structures” IEEE Trans on Microwave theory and Techniques, vol.59, pp.1074-1081, April 2011

Q.Rong Zheng, Y.Fu, and N.Chang Yuan, “A Novel Compact Spiral Electromagnetic Band-Gap (EBG) Structure”, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, vol. 56, pp.1656-1650, June 2008.

H. Boutayeb, T. A. Denidni, “Gain Enhancement of a Microstrip Patch Antenna Using a Cylindrical Electromagnetic Crystal Substrate”, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, vol. 55, pp.3140-3135, Nov2007

X.Yang,Q.Sun,Y.Jing,Q.cheng,X.Zhon,H.kong,T.Chi, “Increasing the bandwidth of microstrip patch antenna by loading compact artificial magneto dielectrics,” IEEE Tran. On antenna a and propagation,vol.59,pp.373-378,Feb 2011.

O.luukkonen,C.Simovski,G.Granet,G.Goussetis,D.Lioubtchenko,A.Rai,S.Tretyakov, “Simple and accurate analytical model of planar grids and high impedance surface comprising metal strips or patches,” IEEE Trans. on Antennas Propag, vol 56,pp. no 1624-1632,2008.

S. A. Tretyakov, Analytical Modelling in Applied Electromagnetics, Artech House: Norwood, MA, 2003


Samuel Y.Liao, Microwave devices and circuits Prentice hall ,Englewood cliffs New Jersey 07632

R. Collin, Field theory of guided waves, 2nd ed. New York , IEEE Press 1991.

D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, 3rd edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

R.Garg, P.Bhartia, I.Bahl, and A.Ittipiboon, Microstrip antenna design handbook, Artech House: Boston, London, 2001.

N.E.RichardW.Ziolkowski,Metamaterials Physics and Engineering Explorations,IEEE press ,2006.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize