Energy Efficient MAC Protocols: a Survey
The rapid development in communication networks has enhanced the functionality and performance of protocols which coordinate these communication activities, protocols such as Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol has evolved over the years from single channel to multichannel and to cross layer MAC, coordinating communication processes in the most efficient methods to suite application needs. However the evolving need to upgrade the communication network has lapsed researchers effort in energy consideration as a key design issue in MAC protocols despite the fact that both low-level and high-level designs are dependent on the understanding of energy. In this survey, we highlighted researchers’ objectives in protocol design and show using features adapted in their design to illustrate how energy was traded-off over the years to enhance other performance metrics. Furthermore, the article also studies the strengths and weaknesses of the protocols, thus making inferential conclusion with regards to energy and scalability of the protocols in an active network.
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