A Study on the Molecular Interaction of PEG 1000 and its Blend in Toluene Using Ultrasonic Technique

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


Ultrasonic study has become an important research tool in the field of polymers for investigating the structure and molecular interactions in multi component system. Ultrasonic studies were carried out on Polyethylene glycol (PEG 1000) at different concentrations (0-1%) in toluene at 303K. Ultrasonic parameters like adiabatic compressibility, free volume and internal pressure were calculated. The ultrasonic velocity decreases with increase in concentration. The effect of concentration is analyzed. An attempt has been made to blend PEG 1000 with PPG 1000 at 303K at various compositions 1:0, 0.8:0.2, 0.6:0.4, 0.5:0.5, 0.4:0.6, 0.2:0.8, 0:1 and the miscibility nature of the blend is analyzed through ultrasonic technique. The variation of ultrasonic velocity with blend composition is nonlinear and follows S-type pattern, which shows that the blend is immiscible. The miscibility nature of the blend is further confirmed through other techniques like viscosity and refractive index studies
Copyright © 2012 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Free Volume; Miscibility; Polyethylene Glycol; Ultrasonic Velocity; Viscosity

Full Text:



R. Kumar, P..E. Akilandeswari, M.G. Mohamed Kamil, V. Kannappan and S. Jayakumar, Dilute solution viscometric, ultrasonic and refractometric studies of molecular interactions of human mixtard insulin with an antibiotic, J. Mol. Liquids 154 (2010) 69-75.

V. Arumugam, A. Akalya, J. F. Rajasekaran, B. Balakrishnan, Ultrasonic studies on PEG in Benzene, J. Polym. Materials 17 (2000) 371-376.

K. C. Basavaraju, T. Demappa, S. K. Rai, Miscibility studies of polysaccharide Xanthan gum and PEO (polyethylene oxide) in dilute solution, Carbohydrate Polymers 69 (3) (2007) 462-466.

Y. Zhang, J. Qian, L. Ke, X. Zhu, H. B. K. Nien, Viscometric study of PVC/PVAC blend, Eur.Polym.J. 38 (2002) 333-337.

H. M. P. Naveen Kumar, M. .N. Prabhakar, C. Venkata Prasad, K. Madhusudhan Rao, T.V. Ashok Kumar Reddy, K. Chowdoji Rao and M.C.S. Subha, Compatibility studies of chitosan/PVA blend in 2% aqueous acetic acid solution at 30 °C, Carbohydrate Polymers 82(2) (2010) 251-255.

A. V. Rajulu, R. L. N.Reddy, S. M. Raghavendra, S. A. Ahmed, Miscibility of PVC-PMMA blends by ultrasonic and refractive index method, Eur.Polym.J, 35(6) (1999) 1183-1186.

Sudhir Ramswamy Illiger, Chandralekha Fadnis, T. Demappa, J. Jayaraju, J. Keshavayya, Miscibility studies of HPMC/PEG blends in water by viscosity, density, refractive index and ultrasonic velocity method, Carbohydrate Polymers 75 (3) (2009) 484-488.

N. Somanathan, V. Arumugam, B. Balakrishnan, Ultrasound studies of ethylene-vinyl acetate with polystyrene blend solutions, J. Pure Appl. Ultrasonics 23 (2001) 37- 42.

K. Venkatramanan, V. Arumugam, Viscosity studies on PPG and its blend, Int.J.Thermophysics 27(1) (2006) 66-78.

A. A. Higazy, H. Afifi, A. H. Khafagy, M. A. El-Shahawy, A. M. Mansour, Ultrasonic studies on polystyrene/styrene butadiene rubber polymer blends filled with glass fiber and talc, Ultrasonics 44(1)( 2006) 1439-1445.

M. A. Sidkey, A. A. Yehia, N. A. Abd El Malaka, M. S. Gaafara, Compatibility studies on some rubber blend systems by ultrasonic techniques, Materials Chemistry and Physics 74(1), (2002), 23-32

A. V. Rajulu, A review on the importance of ultrasonic technique for the investigation of miscibility of polymer blends, J.Acoust. Soc. India 23 (1995) 1.

Z. Sun, W. Wang, Z. Fung, Criterion of polymer-polymer miscibility determined by viscometry, Eur.Polym.J. 28 (1992) 1259-1261.

G. Das, A. N. Banerjee, Rheological studies of the poly (styrene-co-acrylonitrile) and poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) blends, J. App. Polym. Sci., 69 (17) (1998) 2577-2583.

L. A.Utracki, M. R. Kamal, Investigation of rubber-rubber blends miscibility, Polym. Eng. Sci. 22 (1982) 96.

K. K. Chee, Determination of polymer-polymer miscibility by Viscometry, Eur. Polym.J. 26 (4) (1990) 423-426.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize