Boiler Emission Test Using Blended Crude Palm Oil/Medium Fuel Oil as Biofuel: a Case Study in Malaysia

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


Crude palm oil (CPO) is a renewable bio-based resource. It is an attractive alternative fuel which provides the potential to reduce emission problems. CPO is an example of biofuels that can be blended with petroleum distillates as a fuel in mobile engines and industrial processes to help offset the increasing energy demand. This paper highlights the results of blended Crude palm oil (CPO)/Medium fuel oil (MFO) as an alternative environmentally friendly boiler’s fuel. Physical properties and heating values of the blended fuels been presented. Emission test of a blend containing 50% CPO in MFO fuel was also examined using a commercial boiler had been conducted in a local oil palm mill in Malaysia. The blend burned satisfactorily without major modification to the appliance and fuel delivery system. Emission of SO2, H2S  and NOx were very much  reduced as compared to the combustion of MFO. Results indicate potential replacement for the petroleum distillates with this blend
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Biofuel; Crude Palm Oil; Emission; Greenhouse Gas; MFO

Full Text:



P. L. Bishop, Pollution Prevention: Fundamentals and Practice, (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

T. G. Chuah, Wan Azlina Abdul Ghani, Robiah Yunu, Rozita Omar. Biomass as the renewable energy sources in Malaysia: An overview. Int. J. of Green Energy 3 (2006) 323-346.

Ministry of Energy, Communications And Multimedia, Malaysia. National Energy Balance Malaysia, 3rd and 4th Quarterly Reports (MECMM, 2002).

K. S. Kannan, Strategies for Promotion and Development of Renewable Energy in Malaysia. (Elsevier Science, 1999).

P. H. Koh, W. K. Hoi, Renewable Energy in Malaysia: A Policy Analysis. (Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 2002).

W. E. Klopfenstein, H. S. Walker, Efficiencies of various esters of fatty acids as diesel fuels. JAOCS 60(1983) 1596-1598.

E. H. Pryde, Vegetable oils as diesel fuels: overview. JAOCS 60(1983) 1557-1558.

R. C. Strayer, J. A. Blake, W. K. Graig, Canolaand high erucic rapessed oil as substitutes for diesel fuel: Preliminary test. JAOCS 60 (1983) 1587-1592.

Malaysian Palm Oil Council, Malaysia Oil Palm Oil Statistics 2006. (MPOB Publishing, 2007).

T. G. Chuah and I. Azni, Biomass: Renewable energy sources in Malaysia. IMPAK 2 (2003) 15-16.

M.A. Kalam, Husnawan M., H. H. Masjuki, Exhaust emission and combustion evaluation of coconut oil-powered indirect injection diesel engine. Renewable Energy 28 (2003) 2405–2415.

A. S. H. Ong, Y. M. Choo, H.A. Hitam, G. S. Hock, Palm oil as alternatives renewable energy, 3rd ASCOPE Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,December 2-5 (1985).

A. A. Azhar, B. M. S. Zainol Anuar, A. N. Darus, Investigation into the use of palm diesel as fuel in unmodified diesel engines. Second ASEAN Science and Technology Week, Manila, Philippines, 30 - 31 January (1989).

M. A. A. Mukti, M. Z. M. Yusuz, A. R. Ali, Palm oil as alternative fuel diesel engines, PORIM Bulletin 9 (1984) 22-34.

H. H. Masjuki, M. Sohif, Performance evaluation of palm oil diesel blends on small engine. Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer 13:125-133.

H. H. Masjuki, A. M. Zaki, S. M. Sapuan, Methyl ester of palm oil as an alternatives diesel fuel. In proceeding of Second International Seminar on Fuels for Automotives and Industrials Diesel Engines, (IMechE , 1993, pp. 129-137).

A. Schafer, Palm oil fatty acid methyl ester (POME) as diesel fuel in Malaysia PORIM International Biofuel and Lubricant Conferences, PORIM, Kuala Lumpur , May 4-5 (1998).

H. A. Hitam, S. Jahis, Palm oil as diesel fuel: field trial with Elsbett engine. PORIM International Biofuel and Lubricant Conferences, PORIM, Kuala Lumpur, 4-5 May 1998.

R. Ayob, Z. Sarpin, H. A. Hitam, Bench test of single-cyclinder elsbett engine. PORIM International Biofuel and Lubricant Conferences, PORIM, Kuala Lumpur, 4-5 May 1998.

C. L. Chong, Y.M. Choo, W. Mohd. Basri, Solid contents of palm-based biofuel mixtures with respect to storage and handling. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 109 (2007) 1015–1021.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize