Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Ergonomics Study of Vertical Seat Design for Standing Cabin Concept in Commercial Transport Aircraft

Fairuz Izzuddin Romli(1*), Amira Nabilla Asmadi(2), Norhafizah Dasuki(3)

(1) Department of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
(2) Department of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
(3) Department of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding author



Rapid growth of low-cost airlines has changed the landscape of market competition for the airline industry. Affordability of air travel is the new target that is being sought after by many airlines. Over the years, several suggestions have been made for ways to reduce the flight ticket price and one of them is the new revolutionary concept of a standing passengers cabin. The main idea of this cabin concept is that the passengers will be transported in their standing position during flight instead of the current seated position. By having the passengers standing, this allows more people to be accommodated within the available cabin space. Hence the cost of flying can be distributed to more people and subsequently the ticket price per passenger will be reduced. This paper discusses the standing cabin concept from the ergonomics aspect of the vertical seat design for use in the standing cabin, highlighting some design recommendations to make it more suitable for human body.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Standing Cabin; Ergonomics; Vertical Seat; Low Cost Airlines

Full Text:



N. Thomas, Low-cost Airlines Have Come a Long Way. But Who Will Win the Battle?, [Accessed: January 2014].

F. Cha, Don’t Laugh: Vanilla Air, Peach and Other Budget Airlines Mean Business, [Accessed: January 2014].

M. Decker, Structures et strategies des compagnies aeriennes a` bas couts, (L’Harmattan, Paris, 2004).

G. Dunn, Low-Cost Carriers: Growth Expectations, [Accessed: January 2014].

F. I. Romli, A. R. Mohammad Noor, N. Dasuki, A Study on Potential Standing Cabin Effects in Improving the Competitiveness of Low-Cost Airlines, International Journal of Engineering and Technology 6 (2014), 304 – 308.

S. Kerridge, Ryanair – Approval for Standing Only Cabin Areas, [Accessed: December 2013].

C. Elliot, One Day, That Economy Ticket May Buy You a Place to Stand, html [Accessed: December 2013].

F. Gillete, Ryanair’s O’Leary Mulls One-Euro Toilets, Standing Passengers, Bloomberg, 3 September 2010.

J. G. Angerani, A. Baatz, S. Hiesener, H. Merensky, Airbus Deutschland GmbH, Hamburg, Patent. No. US 6,467,728 B2, Date of Patent: 22 October 2002.

C. Platt, Saddle Up: World’s Smallest Airline Seat Unveiled, The Sydney Morning Herald, 14 September 2010.

A. Hough, Skyrider: New Saddle Seat Allows Airlines to Cram More Passengers, The Daily Telegraph, 14 September 2010.

R. Massey, Ryanair to Sell Standing Room Only Tickets for £4… Funded by Charging Passengers to Use the Toilet, Mail Online, [Accessed: August 2013].

A. R. Mohamad Noor, F. I. Romli, Conceptual Design of Vertical Passenger Seat for Standing Cabin in Commercial Transport Aircraft, Journal of Advanced Management Science 1 (2013), 344 – 348.

G. Brundrett, Comfort and Health in Commercial Aircraft: A Literature Review, J. Roy. Soc. Promot. Health 121 (2001), 29 – 37.

P. Vink, C. Bazley, I. Kamp, M. Blok, Possibilities to Improve the Aircraft Interior Comfort Experience, Applied Ergonomics 43 (2012), 354 – 359.

A.C. Mandal, Balanced Sitting Posture on Forward Sloping Seat, [Accessed: September 2013].

J. J. Keegan, Alterations of the Lumbar Curve related to Posture and Seating, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 35A (1953), 589 – 603.

M. Duarte, V. M. Zatsiorsky, Long-range Correlations in Human Standing, Physics Letters A 283 (2001), 124 – 128.

J. P. Callaghan, S. M. McGill, Low Back Joint Loading and Kinematics during Standing and Unsupported Sitting, Ergonomics 44 (2001), 280 – 294.

S. Coughlan, Stand Up at Office to Lose Weight, Says Exercise Scientist, [Accessed: May 2015].

F. E. Mount, M. Whitmore, S. L. Stealey, Evaluation of Neutral Body Posture on Shuttle Mission STS-57 (SPACEHAB-1), NASA TM-2003-104805, 2003.

M. C. Miedema, M. Douwes, J. Dul, Recommended Maximum Holding Times for Prevention of Discomfort of Static Standing Postures, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 19 (1997), 9 – 18.

S. Hignett, L. McAtamney, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Applied Ergonomics 31 (2000), 201 – 2015.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize