Dynamic Model of Variable Inducer Shroud Bleed for Centrifugal Compressor Surge Suppression

K. Beneda(1*), J. Rohács(2)

(1) Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Aeronautics, Naval Architecture and Railway Vehicles, Hungary
(2) Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Department of Aeronautics, Naval Architecture and Railway Vehicles, Hungary
(*) Corresponding author


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


The requirements in widening the range of centrifugal compressor operation, combined with competent efficiency cannot be achieved using conventional methods. The need for low energy consumption, rapidly reacting actuation systems is inevitable also in the field of surge control. The goal of this paper is to develop the model of the Variable Inducer Shroud Bleed, focusing on the dynamic behavior of the system, which can be an alternative for other active surge suppression. In order to accomplish this requirement, the model has been realized in MATLAB Simulink environment, where a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) for optimal control also has been designed. The simulation results have been compared to measurement data from the compressor test bench at the Department Lab.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Centrifugal Compressor; Surge; Surge Suppression; Variable Inducer Shroud Bleed; Linear Quadratic Regulator

Full Text:

PDF


References


Adomaitis, R. A.; and Abed, E. H.: Local Nonlinear Control of Stall Inception in Axial Flow Compressors.

Ailer, P.; Sánta, I.; Szederkényi, G.; and Hangos, K. M.: Nonlinear Model-Building of a Low-Power Gas Turbine. Periodica Polytechnica Ser. Transp. Eng., Vol. 29, No. 1-2, pp. 117-135 (2001). DOI: 10.3311/pp.tr.2001-1-2.10

Badmus, O. O.; Chowdhury, S.; and Nett, C. n.: Nonlinear Control of Surge in Axial Compression Systems. Automatica, Vol. 32 (1996), pp. 59-70.

Balas, Gary: Linear, Parameter-Varying Control and its Application to Aerospace Systems. Proceedings of the ICAS 2002 Congress,

http://www.icas-proceedings.net/ICAS2002/PAPERS/541.PDF

Banaszuk, A.; Hauksson, H. A.; and Mezic, I.: Control of Stall and Surge in Compressors Based on Moore-Greitzer PDE Model. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, 1997, pp. 677-682.

Bartolini, G.; Muntoni, A.; Pisano, A.; and Usai, E.: Compressor Surge Active Control via Throttle and CCV Actuators. A Second-Order Sliding-Mode Approach. International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems, 2008. VSS '08. pp. 274-279. 978-1-4244-2200-5. DOI: 10.1109/VSS.2008.4570720.

Beneda, K.: Measurement System Improvements for Variable Inducer Shroud Bleed Surge Suppression. 10th International Conference on New Technologies In Aviation Development, Košice, Slovakia, 2012. ISBN 978-80-553-1083-1.

Beneda, K.: Preliminary Results of Active Centrifugal Compressor Surge Control Using Variable Inducer Shroud Bleed. Periodica Polytechnica, Vol 39/2 (2011), pp. 49-54, ISSN 1587-3811, doi: 10.3311/pp.tr.2011-2.01

Beneda, K.: Development of Active Surge Control Devices for Centrifugal Compressors. PhD Dissertation, BME Department of Aeronautics, Naval Architecture and Railway Vehicles, 2013.

Bhattacharyya, S. P.; Datta, A.; and Keel, L. H.: Linear Control Theory: structure, robustness, and optimization. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton (FL), USA, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8493-4063-5.

Boinov, K. O.; Lomonova, E. A.; Vandenput, A. J. A.; and Tyagunov, A.: Surge Control of the Electrically Driven Centrifugal Compressor. Industry Application Conference, 2005. Vol. 4, pp. 2887-2894. doi: 10.1109/IAS.2005.1518869

Daroogheh, N.; Jahed-motlagh, M. R.; and Beheshti, M. T. H.: Robust Adaptive Control of Surge Instability in a Centrifugal Compressor with Variable Speed. 2010 American Control Conference, Marriott Waterfront, Baltimore, MD, USA. ISBN 978-1-4244-7427-1/10, pp. 5056-5061.

Epstein, A. H.; Ffowcs Williams, J. E.; and Greitzer, E. M.: Active suppression of aerodynamic instabilities in turbomachinery. Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 5, pp. 204-211, 1989.

Ferrari, M. L.; Pascenti, M.; Magistri, M.; and Massardo, A. F.: Hybrid System Test Rig: Start-up and Shutdown Physical Emulation. Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, Vol. 7 (2010), doi: 10.1115/1.3176663

Főző, L.; Andoga, R.; and Madarász, L.: Digital Control System for MPM 20 Engine. IEEE International Conference on Computational Cybernetics, 2007. ICCC 19-21 October, 2007. pp. 281-284. ISBN 978-1-4244-1146-7.

Giannattasio, P.; Micheli, D.; and Pinamonti, P.: Active Control Of Surge In Compressors Which Exhibit Abrupt Stall. RTO AVT Symposium, 2000,

Gravdahl, J. T.; and Egeland, O.: A Moore-Greitzer Axial Compressor Model with Spool Dynamics. Proceedings of the 36th Conference on Decision and Control, 1997.

Gravdahl, J. T.; Egeland, O.; Vatland, S. O.: Drive torque actuation in active surge control of centrifugal compressors. Automatica, Vol. 38 (2002), pp. 1881-1893.

Greitzer, E. M.: Surge and Rotating Stall in Axial Flow Compressors. ASME Journal of Engineering for Power, 1976, pp. 190-211.

Gyeviki, J.; and Csiszár, A.: DSP-k gyakorlati alkalmazása a folyamatirányításban. Acta Agraria Kaposváriensis, Vol. 10 (2006), pp. 163-176.

Hafaifa, A., Laaouad, F. Laroussi, K. Centrifugal compressor surge detection and isolation with fuzzy logic controller, (2009) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 2 (1), pp. 108-114.

Hespanha, J. P.: Undergraduate Lecture Notes on LQG/LQR Controller Design.

ftp://labattmot.ele.ita.br/ele/alessandro/Leitura/04%20-%20PAPERS/ARTIGOS/LQR/LQG%20-%20LQR%20controller%20design.pdf

Hirano, T.; Uchida, T.; and Tsujita, H.: Control of Surge in Centrifugal Compressor by Using a Nozzle Injection System: Universality in Optimal Position of Injection Nozzle. International Journal of Rotating Machinery, Vol. 2012, doi:10.1155/2012/259293

Horn, Wolfgang; Schmidt, Klaus-Jürgen; and Staudacher, Stephan: Effects of Compressor Tip Injection on Aircraft Engine Performance and Stability. ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, July 2009, Vol. 131, DOI: 10.1115/1.2988159.

Hős, Cs., Champneys, A., Kullmann, L.: Bifurcation Analysis of Surge and Rotating Stall in the Moore-Greitzer Compression System. IMA Journal of Applied Mathematics, April 2003, Vol. 68. pp. 205–228.

Jager, Bram De: Rotating Stall and Surge Control: A Survey. Proceedings of the 34th Conference on Decision and Control, 1995. pp. 1857-1862.

Japikse, David: Centrifugal Compressor Design and Performance. Concepts ETI, Wilder (Vermont), USA, 1996.

Krstic, M.; Protz, J.M.; Paduano, J. D. and Kokotovic, P. V.: Backstepping designs for jet engine stall and surge control. Proceedings of the 35th Conference on Decision and Control, New Orleans, LA, pp. 3049-3055, 1995.

Leonessa, A.; Haddad, W. M.; and Li, H.: Global Stabilization of Centrifugal Compressors via Stability-Based Switching Controllers. Proceedings of the 37th IEEE Conference on Decision & Control, Tampa, Florida USA December 1998. pp. 2569-2574. ISBN 0-7803-4394-8, DOI: 10.1109/CDC.1998.757838.

Liaw, D. C.; and Chang, S. T.: Bifurcation Analysis of a Centrifugal Compressor. IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), 2011, pp. 1538-1543. ISBN 978-1-4577-0652-3, doi:10.1109/ICSMC.2011.6083889

Liazid, A.; Izidi, L.; Tazerout, M.: Turbocharger Centrifugal Compressor Off-Design Performances Improvement by Inlet Prewhirl, (2008) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 2 (4), pp. 608–613.

Lipo, T. A., and Plunkett, A. B.: A Novel Approach to Induction Motor Transfer Functions. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, Vol. PAS-93, Issue 5 (September 1974), ISSN 0018-9510, pp. 1410-1418, DOI: 10.1109/TPAS.1974.293871

Mohammed, M. I.; Maksoud, R. M. A.; Noussier, Z. B.; and Amer, F. Z.: Surge Avoidance Using Speed and Valve Methodologies Controlled by PID, Fuzzy and Neural Networks Approaches. International Conference on Computer Engineering & Systems (ICCES), 2011, pp.73-78, DOI: 10.1109/ICCES.2011.6141015.

Moore, F. K.; and Greitzer, E. M.: A Theory of Post-Stall Transients in Multistage Axial Compression Systems. ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 108 (1986), pp. 68-76, doi: 10.1115/1.3239887.

Morini, M.; Pinelli, M.; and Venturini, M.: Analysis of Biogas Compression System Dynamics. Applied Energy, Vol. 86. (2009), pp. 2466-2475, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.03.008

Norris, G., and Wagner, M.: Boeing 787 Dreamliner. Zenith Press, Minneapolis, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7603-2815-6

Ozpineci, Burak and Tolbert, Leon M.: Simulink Implementation of Induction Machine Model – A Modular Approach. IEEE International Conference on Electric Machines and Drives 2003, Vol. 2, pp. 728-734, ISBN 0-7803-7817-2, doi: 10.1109/IEMDC.2003.1210317

Saad A. A., Effects of Diffuser Geometry on the Rotating Stall Characteristics, (2010) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 4 (4), pp. 417-421.

Saad, A. A.: Delay of Stall in a Radial Diffuser Using Throttle Rings, (2010) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE) 3 (5), pp. 297-303.

Shehata, R. S.; Abdullah, H. A.; and Areed, F. F. G.: Variable structure surge control for constant speed centrifugal compressors. Elsevier Journal of Control Engineering Practice, Vol. 17 (2009), pp. 815-833. DOI:10.1016/j.conengprac.2009.02.002.

Uddin, N.; and Gravdahl, J. T.: Piston-Actuated Active Surge Control of Centrifugal Compressor Including Integral Action. In: Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Control, Automation and Systems, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4577-0835-0, pp. 991-996.

Veress, Á.; Molnár, J.; and Rohács, J.: Compressible Viscous Flow Solver. Periodica Polytechnica, Transportation Engineering, Vol. 37 (2009), pp. 77-81, doi: 10.3311/pp.tr.2009-1-2.13

Zhao, D.; Blunier, B.; Dou, M.; and Miraoui, A.: Control of an Ultra High Speed Centrifugal Compressor for the Air Management of Fuel Cell Systems. Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting (IAS), 2012 IEEE, pp.1-8, 7-11 Oct. 20.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize