Waste Polystyrene (PS-6) Plastic Conversion into Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuel by Using HZSM-5 Catalyst with Thermal Degradation Process
(*) Corresponding author
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)
Polystyrene is a thermoplastic substance, which is in solid (glassy) state at room temperature, but flows if heated above its glass transition of about 100 ºC (for molding or extrusion),and becomes solid again when cooled. Pure solid polystyrene is a colorless, hard plastic with a limited flexibility. It can be cast into molds with fine detail. Polystyrene can be transparent or can be made to take on various colors. Polyester is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale several billion kilograms per year. Polystyrene and polystyrene materials have become to the concern topics about that very high temperature and sophisticated facility needs to apply to speed up the degradation process. The process of degradation could eradicate the polystyrene materials from the environment and save the atmosphere from defect air pollution. Catalytic and thermal degradation of waste polystyrene have been studied in a glass fiber reactor and. HZSM-5 catalyst used accelerates the reaction and increase the production yield. Temperature is used 120 ºC to 400 ºC. Polystyrene melting temperature is 260 ºC. Also polystyrene made by p-Xylene it has benzene ring. Analytical instrument are (GC/MS) used for produce fuel it has lots of benzene compound, aliphatic alkane and aliphatic alkenes. GC/MS trace the hydrocarbon range before thermal degradation C3-C28 and after degradation is range C6-C18 because catalyst help to degrade the polyester long chain to short chain hydrocarbon. ASTM standard test is showing fuel sulfur content also less then EPA standard
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
Achyut K.Panda*, R.K Sing, D.K. Mishra. Thermolysis of waste plastics to liquid fuel a suitable method for plastic waste management and manufacture of value added products-A world prospective. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14 (2010) 233-248.
Sajid Hussain Shah, Zahid Mahmood Khan, Iftikhar Ahmad Raja, Qaisar Mahmood, Zulfiqar Ahmad Bhatti, Jamil Khan, Ather Farooq, Naim Rashida, Donglei Wu,*, Low temperature conversion of plastic waste into light hydrocarbons, Journal of Hazardous Materials 179 (2010) 15–20.
Mohammad Nahid Siddiqui*, Conversion of hazardous plastic wastes into useful chemical products, Journal of Hazardous Materials 167 (2009) 728–735.
Jerzy Walendziewski, Mieczysław Steininger, Thermal and catalytic conversion of waste polyolefines, Catalysis Today 65 (2001) 323–330.
Prakash K. Ramdoss and Arthur R. Tarrer*, High-temperature liquefaction of waste plastics, PII: SOO16-2361(97)00193-2.
Zhou Min*, Liu Cai-hong, Meng Lei, Wei Xiao-mei, Zheng Zhi-lei, Estimate research on co-carbonization of blend coal with waste Plastics, Procedia Earth and Planetary Science 1 (2009) 807–813.
Yadong Li, Henry Liu, Ou Zhang, High-pressure compaction of municipal solid waste to form densified fuel, Fuel Processing Technology 74 (2001) 81–91.
M. Stelmachowski *, Thermal conversion of waste polyolefins to the mixture of hydrocarbons in the reactor with molten metal bed, Energy Conversion and Management 51 (2010) 2016–2024.
Jerzy Walendziewski, Continuous flow cracking of waste plastics, Fuel Processing Technology 86 (2005) 1265– 1278.
N. Miskolczi*, L. Bartha, G. Deak, B. Jover, Thermal degradation of municipal plastic waste for production of fuel-like hydrocarbons, Polymer Degradation and Stability 86 (2004) 357-366.
Jose M. Arandes*, Inaki Abajo, Danilo Lopez-Valerio, Inmaculada Ferna ndez, Miren J. Azkoiti, Martın Olazar and Javier Bilbao, Transformation of Several Plastic Wastes into Fuels by Catalytic Cracking, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1997, 36, 4523-4529.
Jose M. Arandes*, Javier Erena, Martin Olazar, and Javier Bilbao, Valorization of the Blends Polystyrene/Light Cycle Oil and Polystyrene- Butadiene/Light Cycle Oil over Different HY Zeolites under FCC Unit Conditions, Energy & Fuels 2004, 18, 218-227.
Wei-Chiang Huang, Mao-Suan Huang, Chiung-Fang Huang, Chien-Chung Chen*, Keng-Liang Ou **, Thermochemical conversion of polymer wastes into hydrocarbon fuels over various fluidizing cracking catalysts, Fuel 89 (2010) 2305–2316.
A.G. Buekens *, H. Huang, Catalytic plastics cracking for recovery of gasoline-range hydrocarbons from municipal plastic wastes, Resources, Conservation and Recycling 23 (1998) 163–181.
Nnamso S. Akpanudoh, Karishma Gobin, George Manos*, Catalytic degradation of plastic waste to liquid fuel over commercial cracking catalysts Effect of polymer to catalyst ratio/acidity content, Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 235 (2005) 67–73.
Yeuh-Hui Lin*, Production of valuable hydrocarbons by catalytic degradation of a mixture of post-consumer plastic waste in a fluidized-bed reactor, Polymer Degradation and Stability 94 (2009)1924–1931.
Ikusei Nakamura *, Kaoru Fujimoto, Development of new disposable catalyst for waste plastics treatment for high quality transportation fuel, Catalysis Today 27 (1996) 175-179.
Carlos Ludlow-Palafox* and Howard A. Chase, Microwave-Induced Pyrolysis of Plastic Wastes, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2001, 40, 4749-4756.
Hsi-Wu Wong and Linda J. Broadbelt*, Tertiary Resource Recovery from Waste Polymers via Pyrolysis: Neat and Binary Mixture Reactions of Polypropylene and Polystyrene, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2001, 40, 4716-4723.
Jong Jin Park*, Kwinam Park, Ji-Soo Kim, Sanjeev Maken, Hocheol Song, Hochul Shin, Jin-Won Park, and Myung-Jae Choi, Characterization of Styrene Recovery from the Pyrolysis of Waste Expandable Polystyrene, Energy & Fuels 2003, 17,1576-1582.
Thallada Bhaskar, Jun Kaneko , Akinori Muto, Yusaku Sakata*, Emma Jakab, Toshiki Matsui, Md. Azhar Uddin, Pyrolysis studies of PP/PE/PS/PVC/HIPS-Br plastics mixed with PET and dehalogenation (Br, Cl) of the liquid products, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 72 (2004) 27–33.
Young-Hwa Seoa*, Dae-Hyun Shinb, Determination of paraffin and aromatic hydrocarbon type chemicals in liquid distillates produced from the pyrolysis process of waste plastics by isotope-dilution mass spectrometry, Fuel 81 (2002) 2103–2112.
Elizabeth A. Williams*, Paul T. Williams, Analysis of products derived from the fast pyrolysis of plastic waste, Journal of Analpical and Applied Pyrolysis 40-41 (1997) 347-363.
Christopher A. Idibie*, Saka A. Abdulkareem, Christo H. vZ Pienaar, Sunny E. Iyuke, and Lizelle vanDyk, Mechanism and Kinetics of Sulfonation of Polystyrene-Butadiene Rubber with Chlorosulfonic Acid, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (2010), 49, 1600–1604.
J.M. Encinar*, J.F. Gonzalez, Pyrolysis of synthetic polymers and plastic wastes Kinetic study, Fuel Processing Technology 89 (2008) 678 – 686.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize