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Design and Realization of a Low-Cost and High Accurate Photovoltaic Emulator System Using Buck-Boost Converter

Samia Jenkal(1*), Mustapha Kourchi(2), Azeddine Rachdy(3), Otmane Oussalem(4), Mhand Oubella(5), Mohamed Ajaamoum(6)

(1) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(2) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(3) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(4) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(5) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(6) National School of Applied Sciences (ENSA), Ibn Zuhr University (UIZ), Morocco
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v13i2.18597

Abstract


This paper presents a high-accuracy photovoltaic emulator system using DC-DC Buck-Boost converter. The realization of the emulator is carried out using an ATmega1280 microcontroller, allowing the emulation of photovoltaic modules in a low cost system with weather conditions defined by the user. A mathematical model based on straight lines model is built using MATLAB / Simulink in order to reproduce the solar current-voltage  characteristics and an appropriate control scheme to improve the performance of the emulator’ output. As a result, the output characteristics of the emulator are in good agreement with the ones of the actual solar panel in different weather and load conditions.
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Keywords


Emulator; Buck-Boost Converter; Photovoltaic System; Mathematical Modeling

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References


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