Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Experimental Validation of a Non-Linear Sliding-Mode Control Based on a Washout Filter Applied to Microgrids

Miguel Monsalve-Rueda(1), John Edwin Candelo-Becerra(2*), Nicolás Toro García(3), Fredy Edimer Hoyos Velasco(4)

(1) Departamento de Procesos y Energía, Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
(2) Departamento de Energía Eléctrica y Automática, Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
(3) Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering & Computer Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
(4) Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela de Física, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v13i4.17672

Abstract


This paper presents an experimental validation of a non-linear sliding-mode control based on a washout filter when is submitted to alterations in the load, control parameter, and voltage reference. The numerical and the experimental tests are compared to visualize the non-linear effects caused by the power electronic converters and a comparison of the errors obtained for both test is presented. The results show that similar behaviors are presented in both cases with low error in the controlled variable vc. Furthermore, when representing bifurcations, both tests show similar behaviors, although the experimental test has a low displacement in the signal. This method is useful to monitor non-linear effects of micro grid and to design new filters or modify settings in the parameters.
Copyright © 2020 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


DC Power Converters; Constant Impedance Load; Washout Filter; Real-Time Validation

Full Text:

PDF


References


G. Venkataramanan and C. Marnay, A larger role for microgrids, IEEE Power Energy Mag., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 78–82, May 2008.
https://doi.org/10.1109/mpe.2008.918720

Y. Xu, C.-C. Liu, K. P. Schneider, F. K. Tuffner, and D. T. Ton, Microgrids for Service Restoration to Critical Load in a Resilient Distribution System, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 426–437, Jan. 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tsg.2016.2591531

S. K. Sahoo, A. K. Sinha, and N. K. Kishore, Control Techniques in AC, DC, and Hybrid AC–DC Microgrid: A Review, IEEE J. Emerg. Sel. Top. Power Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 738–759, Jun. 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1109/jestpe.2017.2786588

I. Gadoura, V. Grigore, J. Hatonen, J. Kyyra, P. Vallittu, and T. Suntio, Stabilizing a telecom power supply feeding a constant power load, in INTELEC - Twentieth International Telecommunications Energy Conference (Cat. No.98CH36263), pp. 243–248.
https://doi.org/10.1109/intlec.1998.793506

R. W. Erickson, D. Maksimović, R. W. Erickson, and D. Maksimović, Converter Circuits, in Fundamentals of Power Electronics, Springer US, 2001, pp. 131–184.
https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48048-4_6

Q. Xu, C. Zhang, C. Wen, and P. Wang, A Novel Composite Nonlinear Controller for Stabilization of Constant Power Load in DC Microgrid, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 752–761, Jan. 2019.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tsg.2017.2751755

E. Hossain, R. Perez, A. Nasiri, and S. Padmanaban, A Comprehensive Review on Constant Power Loads Compensation Techniques, IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 33285–33305, 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2018.2849065

M. WU and D. D.-C. LU, Active stabilization methods of electric power systems with constant power loads: a review, J. Mod. Power Syst. Clean Energy, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 233–243, Sep. 2014.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40565-014-0066-y

S. Pang et al., Interconnection and Damping Assignment Passivity-Based Control Applied to On-Board DC–DC Power Converter System Supplying Constant Power Load, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 6476–6485, Nov. 2019.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tia.2019.2938149

P. Liutanakul, A.-B. Awan, S. Pierfederici, B. Nahid-Mobarakeh, and F. Meibody-Tabar, Linear Stabilization of a DC Bus Supplying a Constant Power Load: A General Design Approach, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 475–488, Feb. 2010.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2009.2025274

M. Su, Z. Liu, Y. Sun, H. Han, and X. Hou, Stability analysis and stabilization methods of DC microgrid with multiple parallel-connected DC-DC converters loaded by CPLs, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 132–142, Jan. 2016.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tsg.2016.2546551

R. S. Balog, W. W. Weaver, and P. T. Krein, The Load as an Energy Asset in a Distributed DC SmartGrid Architecture, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 253–260, Mar. 2012.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tsg.2011.2167722

A. P. N. Tahim, D. J. Pagano, M. L. Heldwein, and E. Ponce, Control of interconnected power electronic converters in dc distribution systems, in XI Brazilian Power Electronics Conference, 2011, pp. 269–274.
https://doi.org/10.1109/cobep.2011.6085269

A. Kwasinski and C. N. Onwuchekwa, Dynamic Behavior and Stabilization of DC Microgrids With Instantaneous Constant-Power Loads, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 822–834, Mar. 2011.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2010.2091285

S. Singh and D. Fulwani, Constant power loads: A solution using sliding mode control, in IECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference), 2014, pp. 1989–1995.
https://doi.org/10.1109/iecon.2014.7048775

V. Stramosk and D. J. Pagano, Nonlinear control of a bidirectional dc-dc converter operating with boost-type Constant-Power Loads, in 2013 Brazilian Power Electronics Conference, COBEP 2013 - Proceedings, 2013, pp. 305–310.
https://doi.org/10.1109/cobep.2013.6785132

U. K. Kalla, B. Singh, S. S. Murthy, C. Jain, and K. Kant, Adaptive Sliding Mode Control of Standalone Single-Phase Microgrid Using Hydro, Wind, and Solar PV Array-Based Generation, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 6806–6814, Nov. 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tsg.2017.2723845

W. Qi, S. Li, S.-C. Tan, and S. Y. R. Hui, Parabolic-Modulated Sliding-Mode Voltage Control of a Buck Converter, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 844–854, Jan. 2018.
https://doi.org/10.1109/tie.2017.2716859

B. A. Martinez-Treviño, A. El Aroudi, E. Vidal-Idiarte, A. Cid-Pastor, and L. Martinez-Salamero, Sliding-mode control of a boost converter under constant power loading conditions, IET Power Electron., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 521–529, Mar. 2019.
https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2018.5098

A. P. N. Tahim, D. J. Pagano, and E. Ponce, Nonlinear control of dc-dc bidirectional converters in stand-alone dc Microgrids, in 2012 IEEE 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), 2012, pp. 3068–3073.
https://doi.org/10.1109/cdc.2012.6426298

Y. M. Alsmadi et al., Sliding mode control of photovoltaic based power generation systems for microgrid applications, Int. J. Control, pp. 1–12, Jan. 2020.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00207179.2019.1664762

C. A. Ramos-Paja, J. D. Bastidas-Rodríguez, D. González, S. Acevedo, and J. Peláez-Restrepo, Design and control of a buck-boost charger-discharger for DC-bus regulation in microgrids, Energies, vol. 10, no. 11, 2017.
https://doi.org/10.3390/en10111847

M. Monsalve-Rueda, J. E. Candelo-Becerra, and F. E. Hoyos, Dynamic Behavior of a Sliding-Mode Control Based on a Washout Filter with Constant Impedance and Nonlinear Constant Power Loads, Appl. Sci., vol. 9, no. 21, p. 4548, Oct. 2019.
https://doi.org/10.3390/app9214548

E. Ponce and D. J. Pagano, Sliding Dynamics Bifurcations in the Control of Boost Converters, IFAC Proc. Vol., vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 13293–13298, Jan. 2011.
https://doi.org/10.3182/20110828-6-it-1002.02603

Khongkhachat, S., Khomfoi, S., A Sliding Mode Control Strategy for a Grid-Supporting and Grid-Forming Power Converter in Autonomous AC Microgrids, (2019) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 14 (2), pp. 118-132.
https://doi.org/10.15866/iree.v14i2.16331

Ouadi, H., Et-taoussi, M., Bouhlal, A., Nonlinear Control of Multilevel Inverter for Grid Connected Photovoltaic System with Power Quality Improvement, (2017) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 12 (1), pp. 43-59.
https://doi.org/10.15866/iree.v12i1.10685

Di Noia, L., Del Pizzo, A., Meo, S., Reduced-Order Averaged Model and Non-Linear Control of a Dual Active Bridge DC-DC Converter for Aerospace Applications, (2017) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 10 (5), pp. 259-266.
https://doi.org/10.15866/irease.v10i5.13818

Rached, B., Elharoussi, M., Abdelmounim, E., DSP in the Loop Implementation of Sliding Mode and Super Twisting Sliding Mode Controllers Combined with an Extended Kalman Observer for Wind Energy System Involving a DFIG, (2020) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 8 (1), pp. 26-37.
https://doi.org/10.15866/irecon.v8i1.18432

Merabet, L., Chaker, A., Kouzou, A., Boulouiha, H., Elaguab, M., Investigation on the Control of DFIG Used in Power Generation Based on Sliding Mode Control and SV-PWM, (2019) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 7 (4), pp. 148-161.
https://doi.org/10.15866/irecon.v7i4.17844

Tesfahunegn, S., Hajizadeh, A., Undeland, T., Ulleberg, O., Vie, P., Modelling and Control of Grid-Connected PV/Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrid Power System, (2018) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 6 (5), pp. 168-177.
https://doi.org/10.15866/irecon.v6i5.16652


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize