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New Design of a Fractional Order Controller Based on Padé Approximation to Enhance a Stable Power System Load Frequency

Waheed Said Ali Sabry(1*), A. E. Eliwa(2)

(1) Department of Electrical Power and Energy, Military Technical College, Cairo, Egypt
(2) Electrical Power and Energy Department, Military Technical College, Cairo, Egypt
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v11i5.14869

Abstract


This paper introduces a design technique of a novel fractional order (FO) proportional-integral-Derivative (PID) controller. The new control technique is a strategy to design a power system stabilizer (PSS) based on Padé approximation (PA). This control strategy is to enhance power system load frequency stability. Load frequency oscillations always follow disturbances that may occur at any point and at any time in power systems, and can affect its performance. This type of PSS controllers is designed specially for the damping of load frequency state variations in power systems. The simple single synchronous machine connected to an infinite bus (SMIB) power system model is taken under study in this paper. Design, analysis and stability tests of the proposed FO-PID controller and its effectiveness are performed for different cases in the proposed power system. MATLAB package is used to carry out the different simulations of power system model with its control strategy. Simulation results in different situations are presented, compared and discussed between two main cases; with system classical control, and with the proposed control strategy. These results present and show the important effects of FO-PID-PSS-PA controllers on the reduction of load frequency oscillations in the proposed power system.
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Keywords


Fractional Order Controller; Power System Stabilizer; Padé Approximation; Power System Load Frequency; Power System Stability; Single Machine to Infinite Bus

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References


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