Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Nonlinear Predictive Control for Maximum Power Point Tracking and Unity Power Factor of a Three Phase Grid Connected PV System

Mohammed El Malah(1*), Abdellfattah Ba-razzouk(2), M’hammed Guisser(3), Elhassane Abdelmounim(4), Mhamed Madark(5), Hicham Bahri(6)

(1) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(2) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(3) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(4) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(5) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(6) Department of Applied Physics, System Analysis and Information Technology Laboratory, Science and Technical Faculty, University Hassan 1st, Morocco
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v11i3.14320

Abstract


We address in this paper the control of a three phase single stage grid connected PV system based on Nonlinear Continuous-time Generalized Predictive Control (NCGPC). Without using the intermediate DC/DC converter, the three-phase inverter must operate the photovoltaic system at its maximum power with a unit power factor. The NCGPC controller is based on a synchronized nonlinear model of the PV system. Grid synchronization is provided by a three-phase PLL (Phase-Locked Loop). The closed-loop stability is ensured by the convergence of the output-tracking errors to zero. The performance of the proposed control strategy is evaluated using rapid changes in atmospheric conditions, acting on the PV system, in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. Obtained results demonstrate the high performance of the proposed control scheme.
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Predictive Control; Continuous-time; Maximum Power Point Tracking; Photovoltaic Systems; Grid Connection; Unity Power Factor

Full Text:

PDF


References


Fri, A., El Bachtiri, R., El Ghzizal, A., Improved MPPT Algorithm for Controlling a PV System Grid Connected for Rapid Changes of Irradiance, (2016) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 9 (1), pp. 11-20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v9i1.7921

A. Harrag, A. Titraoui, H. Bahri, P&O or IC for PV pumping system: What MPPT algorithm to improve performances?, 6Th International Conference On Systems And Control (ICSC 2017), pp. 220 – 225, May 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icosc.2017.7958724

E. Anto, J. Asumadu, P. Okyere, PID control for improving P&O-MPPT performance of a grid-connected solar PV system with Ziegler-Nichols tuning method, IEEE 11Th Conference On Industrial Electronics And Applications, pp. 1847 – 1852, 2016.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iciea.2016.7603888

M.Munir, T.Aldhanhani, K. Al Hosani, Control of Grid Connected PV Array Using P&O MPPT Algorithm, Ninth Annual IEEE Green Technologies Conference, pp. 52 – 58, March 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/greentech.2017.14

D. Rekioua, A. Y. Achour, T. Rekioua, Tracking Power Photovoltaic System with Sliding Mode Control Strategy, Energy Procedia 36, pp. 219-230, 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.07.025

Hassan Abouobaida, Mohamed Cherkaoui, Comparative Study of Maximum Power Point Trackers for Fast Changing Environmental Conditions, IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS), pp. 1131 - 1136, May2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icmcs.2012.6320222

Fri, A., El Bachtiri, R., El Ghzizal, A., Improved MPPT Algorithm for Controlling a PV System Grid Connected for Rapid Changes of Irradiance, (2016) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 9 (1), pp. 11-20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v9i1.7921

Ridha BENADLI, Brahim KHIARI, Anis SELLAMI, Three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic system with maximum power point tracking technique based on voltage-oriented control and using sliding mode controller, IEEE The Sixth International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC), pp. 1 - 6, March 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/irec.2015.7110963

Yao Shujun, Hu Yanan, BaoMingran, Han Minxiao, Parameter Optimization of PI Controller in PV Inverter, IEEE 2nd IET Renewable Power Generation Conference (RPG 2013), pp. 1 - 4, Sept. 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cp.2013.1883

Hadi Malek, Yang Quen Chen, A single-stage three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic system with fractional order MPPT, IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition , pp. 1793 – 1798, March 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/apec.2014.6803549

H. Bahri, M. Aboulfatah, M. Guisser, E. Abdelmounim, M. El Malah, Integral Backstepping Control for Maximum Power Point Tracking and Unity Power Factor of a Three Phase Grid Connected Photovoltaic System. International Journal Of Electrical And Computer Engineering (IJECE), pp 1671–1680, August 2017.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i4.pp1671-1680

T.K.Roy, M. A. Mahmud, M. J. Hossain, A. M. T. Oo, Nonlinear backstepping controller design for sharing active and reactive power in three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic systems, IEEE Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, pp. 1-6, sept 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/aupec.2015.7324866

Dae Keun Yoo, Liuping Wang, Constrained Predictive Control of Three-Phase Voltage Source Converters with Explicit Performance Specifications, IECON - 38th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, pp. 5030 – 5036, Oct. 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iecon.2012.6389565

Rachid Errouissi, S. M. Muyeen, Ahmed Al-Durra, Siyu Leng, Experimental Validation of a Robust Continuous Nonlinear Model Predictive Control Based Grid-Interlinked Photovoltaic Inverter, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 4495 - 4505, Dec 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tie.2015.2508920

Panagiotis E. Kakosimos, Antonios G. Kladas, Stefanos N. Manias, Fast Photovoltaic System Voltage or Current Oriented MPPT Employing a Predictive Digital Current-Controlled Converter, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 5673 - 5685, Dec 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tie.2012.2233700

P.J. Gawthrop, H. Demircioglu and I. Siller-Alcala, Multivariable Continuous-time Generalised Predictive Control: A State-space Approach to Linear and Nonlinear Systems, IEE Proceeding, Control Theory and applications, pp. 241-250, 1998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-cta:19982045

S. Liu and R. A. Dougal, Dynamic multiphysics model for solar array, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., pp. 285–294, Jun. 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tec.2002.1009482

Ankur, Sandipan Patra, Soumya R. Mohanty , NandKishor, Maximum power point tracking of PV system with backstepping control, IEEE Students Conference on Engineering and Systems (SCES), pp. 1 – 5, April 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/sces.2013.6547549

M’hammed Guisser, Elhassane Abdelmounim, Mohammed Aboulfatah, Abdesselam EL-Jouni, Nonlinear Observer-Based Control for Grid Connected Photovoltaic System, IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE), pp. 40-52 , Sep – Oct. 2014.
http://dx.doi.org/10.9790/1676-09524052

El Malah, M., Ba-razzouk, A., Guisser, M., Abdelmounim, E., Madark, M., Bahri, H., Robust Nonlinear Controller Design for Three Phase Grid Connected PV Systems with Improved Power Quality, (2017) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 10 (4), pp. 359-370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v10i4.12096

Se-Kyo Chung, A phase tracking system for three phase utility interface inverters, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, pp. 431 – 438, May 2000.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/63.844502

W. H. Chen, Analytic predictive controllers for nonlinear systems with ill-defined relative degree, Proc.-Control Theory Appl., 2001.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-cta:20010198

W. H. Chen, Optimal control of nonlinear systems : a predictive control approach, Automatica, pp. 633–641, 2003.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0005-1098(02)00272-8

W. Xiao, M. G. J. Lind, W. G. Dunford and A. Capel, Real-Time Identification of Optimal Operating Points in Photovoltaic Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 1017-1026, August 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tie.2006.878355


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize