Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Optimum Orientation Angles for Photovoltaic Arrays to Maximize Energy Gain at Near Equator Location in Indonesia

Rudi Kurnianto(1*), Ayong Hiendro(2), Muhammad Ismail Yusuf(3)

(1) Department of Electrical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
(2) Department of Electrical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
(3) Department of Electrical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v10i1.11017

Abstract


Photovoltaic (PV) performance is affected by its orientation angle. Estimating optimum orientation angles for PV arrays is necessary in order to obtain maximum solar radiation and PV output. Meteorological data during the period of 2008-2014 are used to develop empirical correlation of the diffuse fraction on a horizontal surface in Pontianak, Indonesia (latitude 0.0263( S). MATLAB software is used to simulate the total solar radiation incident on a surface facing due north with an optimum tilt angle. The maximum annual solar energy is 1893 kWh/m2/year by adjusting PV arrays monthly. The loss of energy is about 0.27 % and 1.34 % when a tilt angle is adjusted seasonally and yearly in comparison to the monthly optimum tilt angle. It is also found that the value of capacity utilization factor (CUF) of the PV system for Pontianak is 19.57 % - 19.83 %, while the performance ratio (PR) is 79.44 % - 79.47 % at the optimum orientation angles.
Copyright © 2017 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Capacity Utilization Factor; Optimum Tilt Angle; Orientation Angle; Photovoltaic; Solar Energy

Full Text:

PDF


References


Sheboniea, M., Darwish, M., Janbey, A., Review of UK Domestic Electricity Consumption and Potential Trends in Using Renewable Energy Sources and Plug-in Hybrid Electrical Vehicles, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (6), pp. 778-786.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iree.v10i6.7427

A.M. Shariah, A. Al-Akhars, I.A. Al-Omari, Optimizing the Tilt Angle of Solar Collectors, Renewable Energy, Vol. 26: 587-598, 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-1481(01)00106-9

M. Bojić, D. Bigot, F. Miranville, A. Parvedy-Patou, and J. Radulović, Optimizing Performances of Photovoltaic in Reunion Island-Tilt Angle, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 20: 923-935, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pip.1159

A.G. Siraki, P. Pillay, Study of Optimum Tilts Angles for Solar Panels in Different Latitudes for Urban Applications, Solar Energy, Vol.86: 1920-1928, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.02.030

H.C. Hottel, Performance of flat-plate energy collectors (Cambridge MIT Press, 1954).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(79)90190-7

D.N.W. Chinnery, Solar Water Heating in South Africa, CSIR report, Vol. 248:44, 1971.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(69)90055-3

H. Heywood, Operating Experience with Solar Water Heating, Journal of the Institution of Heating and Ventilation Engineers, Vol. 39: 63-69, 1971.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(59)90139-2

H. Yellott, Utilization of Sun and Sky Radiation for Heating Cooling of Buildings, ASHRAE Journal, Vol. 15: 31-42, 1973.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15567030701522534

J. Kern, L. Harris, On the Optimum Tilt of a Solar Collector, Solar Energy, Vol. 17: 97-112, 1975.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(75)90064-x

A. Agarwal, V.K. Vashishtha, S.N. Mishra, Comparative Approach for the Optimization of Tilt Angle to Receive Maximum Radiation, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, Vol. 1(Issue 5): 1-9, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4156/ijei.vol3.issue4.11

Q. Zhao, P. Wang, L. Goel, Optimal PV Panel Tilt Angle Based on Solar Radiation Prediction, 2010 IEEE 11thInternational Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, pp. 425-430, Singapore, June 2010.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pmaps.2010.5528960

T. Khatib, A. Mohamed, K. Sopian, On the Monthly Optimum Tilt Angle of Solar Panel for Five Sites in Malaysia, IEEE International Power Engineering and Optimization Conference, pp.7-10, Melaka, Malaysia, 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/peoco.2012.6230827

M. Kacira, M. Simsek, Y. Babur, S. Demirkol, Determining Optimum Tilt Angles and Orientations of Photovoltaic Panels in Sanliurfa Turkey, Renewable Energy, Vol. 29: 1265–1275. 2004.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2003.12.014

M.A.H.M Yakup, A.Q. Malik, Optimum Tilt Angle and Orientation for Solar Collector in Brunei, Darussalam, Renewable Energy, Vol. 24: 223–234, 2001.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0960-1481(00)00168-3

A.K. Yadav, S.S. Chandel, Tilt Angle Optimization to Maximize Incident Solar Radiation: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 23:503-513, 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.02.027

M. Benghanem, Optimization of Tilt Angle for Solar Panel: Case Study for Madinah, Saudi Arabia, Applied Energy, Vol. 88: 1427-1433, 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.10.001

M.J. Ahmad, G.N. Tiwari, Optimization of Tilt Angle for Solar Collector to Receive Maximum Radiation, The Open Renewable Energy Journal, Vol. 2: 19-24, 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1876387100902010019

H. Gunerhan, A. Hepbasli, Determination of the Optimum Tilt Angle of Solar Collectors for Building Applications, Building and Environment, Vol. 42: 779-783, 2007.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.09.012

Abadi, I., Musyafa, A., Soeprijanto, A., Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Controller Based PV Passive Two-Axis Solar Tracking System, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (3), pp. 390-398.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iree.v10i3.6090

Mousa, A., Abdel Aleem, S., Ibrahim, A., Mathematical Analysis of Maximum Power Points and Currents Based Maximum Power Point Tracking in Solar Photovoltaic System: a Solar Powered Water Pump Application, (2016) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 11 (1), pp. 97-108.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iree.v11i1.8137

J.K. Page, The Estimation of Monthly Mean Values of Daily Total Short Wave Radiation on Vertical and Inclined Surfaces from Sunshine Record for Latitudes 40° N–40° S, The UN Conference on New Sources of Energy, Vol. 4, pp. 378-390, Rome, August 1961.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(88)90034-5

B.Y.H. Liu, R.C. Jordan, The Interrelationship and Characteristic Distribution of Direct, Diffuse and Total Solar Radiation, Solar Energy, Vol. 22: 87–90, 1979.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(60)90062-1

H. Aras, O. Balli, A. Hepbasli, Estimating the Horizontal Diffuse Solar Radiation Over the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 47: 2240–2249, 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2005.11.024

A.A. El-Sebaii, F.S. Al-Hazmi, A.A. Al-Ghamdi, S.J. Yaghmour, Global, Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation on Horizontal and Tilted Surfaces in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Applied Energy, Vol. 87: 568–576, 2010.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.06.032

Kahaji, A., Alaoui, R., Farhat, S., Bouhouch, L., Energy Supply Management Using the Solar Energy Prediction in Smart Grid, (2016) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 11 (5), pp. 486-495.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iree.v11i5.9593

J.A. Duffie, W.A. Beckman, Solar engineering of thermal processes (John Wiley & Sons, 2013).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118671603

D.T. Reindl, W.A. Beckman, J.A. Duffie, Evaluation of Hourly Tilted Surface Radiation Models, Solar Energy, Vol. 45 (Issue 1): 9-17, 1990.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-092x(90)90061-g

R. Kumar, L. Umanand L, Estimation of Global Radiation Using Clearness Index Model for Sizing Photovoltaic System, Renewable Energy, Vol. 30: 2221-2233, 2005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2005.02.009

A. Hiendro, R. Kurnianto, M. Rajagukguk, Y.M. Simanjuntak, Junaidi, Techno-Economic Analysis of Photovoltaic/Wind Hybrid System for Onshore/Remote Area in Indonesia, Energy, Vol. 59: 652-657, 2013.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.06.005

N. Xoubi, Viability of a Utility-Scale Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power Plant in the Middle East, Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 15: 1278-1287, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2015.1278.1287

D. Okello, E.E. van Dyk, F.J. Vorster, Analysis of Measured and Simulated Performance Data of a 3.2 kWp Grid-Connected PV System in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 100: 10-15, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.04.064

B.S. Kumar, K. Sudhakar, Performance Evaluation of 10 MW Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant in India, Energy Reports, Vol. 1: 184-192, 2015.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2015.10.001


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize