Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Detection of Open-Circuit Fault in a Three-Phase Voltage Inverter Fed Induction Motor

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



In this paper the detection and localization of the open-circuit switch of an inverter fed induction motor is investigated. The fault detection technique used in this work is based essentially upon the calculation of the mean value of the stator currents by employing two different approaches: the Park’s d-q stator currents approach and the three-phase stator currents approach. The inverter switch fault is localized by knowing the fault angles derived from the mean value of the d-q currents for the first approach or by directly comparing the mean value of the three- phase currents with respect to a known value of the threshold for the second approach. The work is first carried out using simulation work and then all obtained simulation results are validated by experimental work. A comparative study based on the results is then presented to show the effectiveness and merits of the two approaches.
Copyright © 2016 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Diagnosis; Mean Value; Park’s Vectors; Trajectory; Open-Circuit Fault; IGBT; Inverter; Fault Angle; Dspace1104

Full Text:



Bin, Lu, Santosh, Sharma, A Survey of IGBT Fault Diagnostic Methods for Three-Phase Power Inverters. (2008), International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, Beijing, China.

Estima J. O., Freire N. M. A., Cardoso A. J. M., Recent advances in fault diagnosis by Park's vector approach, IEEE Workshop on Electr. Mach. Des. Control and Diagn. (2013), 279-288.

Bilal Djamal Eddine, Cherif. , Azeddine, Bendiabdellah. , Mokhtar, Bendjebbar. , Noureddine, Benouzza. , Open-circuit fault diagnosis of two-level inverter fed induction motor by the current Park’s vector approach, (2016), International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies October 26th - 28th, Marrakesh, Morocco.

Won, Sang Im. , Jang, Sik Kim. , Jang, Mok Kim. , Dong, Choon Lee. , Kyo, Beum Lee. , Diagnosis Methods for IGBT Open Switch Fault Applied to 3-Phase AC/DC PWM Converter, (2012). Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 120-127.

M. Trabelsi, M. Boussak, M. Gossa. , Multiple IGBTs Open Circuit Faults Diagnosis in Voltage Source Inverter Fed Induction Motor Using Modified Slope Method. , IEEE Trans. Electrical Machines (ICEM), pp. 1 – 6, 2010.

Nithin, Raj. , Jose, Mathew. , Jagadanand, G., Saly, George. Open-Transistor Fault Detection and Diagnosis Based on Current Trajectory in a Two-level Voltage Source Inverter, (2016). Global Colloquium in Recent Advancement and Effectual Researches in Engineering, Science and Technology, (RAEREST), pp.670-675.

Sleszynski W., Nieznanski J., Cichowski A., Open-Transistor Fault Diagnostics in Voltage-Source Inverters by Analyzing the Load Currents, IEEE Trans. on Industry Appl., 56 (2009), 4681–4688

An Q., Sun L., Sun L., Current Residual Vector-Based Open-Switch Fault Diagnosis of Inverters in PMSM Drive Systems, IEEE Trans. on Pow. Electron. (2015), 2814-2.

Ahmad, N., Abdullah, A., Bahari, N., Hassan, M., Switches Faults Analysis of Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) using Short Time Fourier Transform (STFT), (2014) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 7 (3), pp. 409-415.

Mohanraj, K., Paramasivam, S., Dash, S., Zobaa, A., Open and Short Circuit Diagnosis of a VSI Fed Three Phase Induction Motor Drive Using Fuzzy Logic Technique, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (6), pp. 1858-1864.

Mala Ratan Ubale, R. B. Dhumale, S. D. Lokhande. Open switch fault diagnosis in three phase inverter using diagnostic variable method, IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. Dec2013.

T. Orlowska-Kowalska and P. Sobanski. Simple diagnostic technique of a single IGBT open-circuit faults for a SVM-VSI vector controlled induction motor drive. Bulletin of the polish academy of sciences technical sciences, vol. 63, no. 1, 2015.

Mohanraj, K., Paramasivam, S., Dash, S., Ramprasad, S., Analysis of DC Bus Fault and Line Faults on Voltage Source Inverter Fed Induction Motor, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (6), pp. 1907-1913

Sleszynski, W., Nieznanski, J., cichowski, A. Open-transistor fault diagnostics in voltage-source inverters by analyzing the load currents’ IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol.56, no.11, pp.4681-4688, 2009.

Bilal DjamalEddine Cherif, Mokhtar Bendjebbar, Azeddine Bendiabdellah, “Diagnosis of open-circuit fault in a three phase voltage inverter fed induction motor», The 4th International Conference on Electrical Engineering – ICEE'2015,December 13th, 15th, 2015, Boumerdes, Algeria.

Jorge O. Estima and António J. Marques Cardoso, A New Algorithm for Real-Time Multiple Open-Circuit Fault Diagnosis in Voltage-Fed PWM Motor Drives by the Reference Current Errors,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 8, pp. 3496-3506, Aug. 2013.

Elbouchikhi, E., Choqueuse, V., Benbouzid, M., Condition Monitoring of Induction Motors Based on Stator Currents Demodulation, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (6), pp. 704-715.

Sun, X., Characterization and Diagnosis of IGBT Open-Circuit Fault Based on VSC-HVDC Systems, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (3), pp. 329-335.

Safarinejadian, B., Zarei, J., Ramezani, A., Fault Diagnosis of Induction Motors Using a Recursive Kalman Filtering Algorithm, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (1), pp. 96-103.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize