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Hierarchical Control Scheme for Droop Controlled Parallel Three Phase Voltage Source Inverters in Low Voltage AC MicroGrid

El Hassane Margoum(1*), Nissrine Krami(2), Luis Seca(3), Carlos Moreira(4)

(1) Department of electrical engineering, National school of applied sciences, Ibn-tofail University, Morocco
(2) Department of electrical engineering, National school of applied sciences, Ibn-tofail University, Morocco
(3) INESC TEC – INESC Technology and Science (formerly INESC Porto), Portugal
(4) INESC TEC – INESC Technology and Science (formerly INESC Porto), Portugal
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireaco.v9i5.9903

Abstract


The hierarchical control scheme for three phase parallel connected voltage source inverters (VSI), forming a low voltage AC MicroGrid (MG)is presented and analyzed in this paper. The proposed control scheme consists of two controllers, a local controller and a centralized controller. The local controller consists of inner control loops that are composed by a voltage and current proportional resonant controllers with selective harmonics compensation, and the power sharing controller that includes the droop control and the virtual output impedance loops in order to share properly the active and reactive power between the connected VSIs. In this system, the centralized controller is designed to restore the magnitude and the frequency deviations of the AC bus voltage produced by the power sharing controller. Simulation results for three parallel connected VSIs forming a low voltage AC MG that operates in islanded mode are provided to show the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme. Active and reactive power are properly shared as well as good harmonics compensation is achieved when both linear and non-linear loads are connected to the load bus.
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Keywords


Hierarchical Control Scheme; Voltage Source Inverters; Energy Storage Systems; Droop Control; Virtual Output Impedance; Stationary Reference Frame; Microgrid; Smart Grid

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References


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