Adaptive Image Fusion Scheme Based on Contourlet Transform and Machine Learning

M. H. Malik(1*), S. A. M. Gilani(2), Anwaar-ul Haq(3)

(1) Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
(2) Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Pakistan
(3) Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Pakistan
(*) Corresponding author


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Abstract


Adaptive image fusion scheme based on the combination of contourlet transform, Kernel Principal Component Analysis (K-PCA), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Mutual Information (MI) is proposed. Contourlet is well suited to image fusion scheme because of its properties, such as localization, multiresolution, directionality and anisotropy. K-PCA operates on low frequency subband to extract feature and SVM is applied to high frequency subbands to obtain a composite image with extended information. Moreover, Mutual Information (MI) is used to adjust the contribution of each source image in the final fused image. Performance evaluation is carried out by using recently developed metric, Image Quality Index (IQI). The proposed scheme outperforms previous approaches both subjectively and quantitatively, and this is evident from the experimental results and findings.
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Keywords


Contourlet Transform; Image Fusion; Kernel Principal Component Analysis (K-PCA); Mutual Information (MI); Support Vector Machine (SVM)

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