The Influence of the Vehicle Shock Absorber Wearing on the Performance of the Braking System – A Case Study
There are over 320 thousand vehicles on Kosovo roads according to the statistical data. The average age of vehicles on Kosovo's road is around 18 years, while the average age of vehicles in the European Union is approximately ten years. An increase in the number of vehicles and their average age can also contribute to a higher number of road accidents. The effect on the active safety of a large number of old vehicles on Kosovo's roads has not yet been properly analyzed or studied by the relevant government authorities. Road accident data indicate that vehicle factor is usually ranked as the third factor causing road accidents after the human and road condition factors. It is estimated that the vehicle's poor technical condition is responsible for 2-5 percent of all traffic accidents in Kosovo. The research attempts to identify the specific vehicle parts whose poor performance is most likely to lead to accidents. Shock absorbers in bad condition have been confirmed in 32% of the 50 vehicles subjected to rigorous testing protocols in 24 Vehicle Technical Control Centers. The overall conclusion from the research is that shock absorbers' poor performance is one of the leading causes of accidents in cases where the vehicle factor is suspected of causing road accidents. Research results have been obtained experimentally by measuring the effect that new and damaged shock absorbers have on vehicle braking performance. The effect has been quantified by analyzing three parameters of the braking system - vehicle deceleration (MFDD), braking time (Tbr), and braking distance (Sf).
Copyright © 2021 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
GAP Institute, Pristina, access 05/01/2021.
F. Mema. Survey of the technical condition of the support system in to passenger vehicles in Kosovo and its role in active safety. Master thesis. University of Prishtina "HASAN PRISHTINA", Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Prishtina, 2018.
V.M. Vaculín, O.Kejval, Global Chassis Control: Integration Synergy of Brake and Suspension Control for Active Safety, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control 2004 (AVEC 04), Arnhem, 2004, pp. 495-500.
T.D. Gillespie, (1992), Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics, SAE International, ISBN 1-56091-199-9.
W.F. Milliken, (1995), Race Car Vehicle Dynamics, SAE International, ISBN 1-56091-526-9.
S. Lajqi, S. Pehan. Designs and Optimizations of Active and Semi-Active Non-linear Suspension Systems for a Terrain Vehicle. Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, pp. 732-743, 58(12), 2012.
J. Ervajec, Automotive Technology. A systems approach 5th edition, Copyright 2009 Cengage Learning, Inc.
M. Bouazara, M. Richard M, An optimization method designed to improve 3-D vehicle comfort and road holding capability through the use of active and semi-active suspension. European Journal of Mechanic - A/Solids, Vol. 20, Issue 3, 2001, pp. 509 – 520.
CITA, Performance based suspension testing in PTI. International Motor Vehicle Inspection Committee (2010).
J.A. Calvo, V. Diaz, S. Roman, J.L. Garcia, D. Pozuelo. Influence of shock absorber wearing on vehicle brake performance. Int. J. of Automotive Technology, 9-4, 467-472, (2008).
Mirza N, Hussain K, Day AJ, Klaps J. Investigation of the dynamic characteristics of suspension parameters on a vehicle experiencing steering drift during braking. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering. 2005;219(12):1429-1441.
L. Mihon, N. Lontiș and S. Deac, The behavior of a vehicle's suspension system on dynamic testing conditions, International Conference on Applied Sciences (ICAS2017) IOP Publishing IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017.
D. Yurlin, S. Bakhmutov, O. Girutskiy, Basic principles of vehicle suspension control. IASF-2018 IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, IOP Publishing.
Parczewski K, Wnęk H. Analysis of the impact of reduced damping in the suspension on selected vehicle steering characteristics. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering. 2019;233(4):392-399.
I.M. Ryabov, A.V. Pozdeev, V.V. Erontaev, S.V. Danilov, Z.K. Omarova, A.M. Kovalev, D.D. Silchenkov, Method for determining the shock absorber effectiveness in the vehicle suspension to ensure its active and operational safety, ICI2AE 2019 IOP Conf. Series, Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, Publishing.
Q. Xiao, Q. Li, C. Chang, The influence of lateral shock absorber valve parameters on vehicle dynamic performance, Published: 16 May 2015, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology volume 29, 2015, pages1907–1911.
P. Zheng, R. W. J. Gao, A Comprehensive Review on Regenerative Shock Absorber Systems, Journal of Vibration Engineering & Technologies volume 8, 2020, pages 225–246.
R. Galluzzi, A. Tonoli, N. Amati, G. Curcuruto, P. Conti, G. Greco, A. Nepote, Regenerative Shock Absorbers and the Role of the Motion Rectifier, Published April 05 2016 by SAE International in United States.
R. Zhang, X. Wang, S. John, Comprehensive Review of the Techniques on Regenerative Shock Absorber Systems, Energies 2018.
F.L. Mrad, M.L.D. Machado, J.C. Gutierrez, H.U. Almeida, U. Sad, Optimization of the Vibrational Comfort of Passenger Vehicles through Improvement of Suspension and Engine Rubber Mounting Setups, November 2018, Shock and Vibration.
Jugulkar, L. M., Singh, S., & Sawant, S. M. (2016). Analysis of suspension with variable stiffness and variable damping force for automotive applications. Advances in Mechanical Engineering.
A. I. Fedotov, N. Y. Kuznetsov, A. V. Lysenko, V. G. Vlasov, Car suspension system monitoring under road conditions, AIP. Conference Proceeding, 2017.
P. H. Fu, W. Qiang, L. Kai, Stability analysis and fuzzy smith compensation control for semi-active suspension systems with time delay. Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, vol. 29, no. 6, 2015 pp. 2513-2525.
Y. J. Shen, L. Chen, Y. L. Liu, X. L. Zhang, X. F. Yang, Improvement of the lateral stability of vehicle suspension incorporating, Science China, Technological Sciences, 2018, Volume 61, Issue 8, pp. 1244-1252.
Mohamed A. Hassan, Mohamed A.A. Abdelkareem, M.M Moheyeldein, Ahmed Elagouz, Gangfeng Tan, Advanced study of tire characteristics and their influence on vehicle lateral stability and untripped rollover threshold, Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 59, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 1613-1628.
E. Joaa, Y. Hyunab, Estimation of the tire slip angle under various road conditions without tire–road information for vehicle stability control, Control Engineering Practice, Volume 86, May 2019, Pages 129-143.
Cabrera JA, Castillo JJ, Pérez J, Velasco JM, Guerra AJ, Hernández P. A Procedure for Determining Tire-Road Friction Characteristics Using a Modification of the Magic Formula Based on Experimental Results. Sensors. 2018; 18(3):896.
T. Tang, K. Anupam, C. Kasbergen, A. Scarpas, Study of Influence of Operating Parameters on Braking Distance. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2641, 2017, pp. 139–148.
Al-Barbarawi, O., Enhancing the Braking Process, Starting and Electromagnetic Torques of the Induction Motor, (2017) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 5 (4), pp. 108-114.
Elkholy, M., Abd Elhameed, M., Braking of Three Phase Induction Motors by Controlling Applied Voltage and Frequency Based on Particle Swarm Optimization Technique, (2015) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 8 (2), pp. 106-112.
Mazrekaj, R., Lajqi, N., Tofaj, E., Influence of Tires Age on Vehicle's Braking Performance: a Case Study, (2020) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 14 (10), pp. 646-657.
Al-Mola, M., Mailah, M., Samin, P., Muhaimin, A., Hybrid Control Scheme for Pursuing Performance of an Anti-Lock Brake System, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (6), pp. 1961-1967.
Egorova, O., Samoilova, M., Timofeev, G., Efgrafov, A., Force Loading Analysis of a Cylindrical Self-Braking Inverse Gearing, (2020) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 14 (2), pp. 73-78.
Basjaruddin, N., Margana, D., Kuspriyanto, K., Rinaldi, R., Suhendar, S., Hardware Simulation of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems Based on Fuzzy Logic, (2018) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 11 (1), pp. 24-31.
L. Shpetim, G. Jürgen, L. Naser, S. Ahmet, L. Ramë. Possibilities Experimental Method to Determine the Suspension Parameters in a Simplified Model of a Passenger Car. International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 13, no. 4, 2012, pp. 615-621.
R. Mazrekaj, Vehicles Theory of Motion. Dispense for students. University of Prishtina, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Prishtina, 2017.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to email@example.com
Copyright © 2005-2021 Praise Worthy Prize