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Biodiesel Production from Microalgae and Cyanobacteria: a Short Review

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The decline of petro fuels with the current rate of consumption, the rapid development of petro based industries, and limited availability of fossil fuels, accelerated global warming and pollution due to petroleum-derived greenhouse gases (GHGs), drives the world concern more on alternative, sustainable and eco-friendly alternative energy production. Compared to other lipid-rich biomasses, microalgal and cyanobacterial have a great potential being a promising feedstock for biodiesel production due to their fast growth rate, photosynthetic efficiency, and rapid lipid accumulation. While cyanobacteria and microalgae-based biodiesel have some advantages in terms of overcoming a future energy crisis, the production of biodiesel from microalgae and cyanobacteria faces numerous obstacles in terms of completely replacing petroleum-based diesel. This article discusses the potential and emerging difficulties associated with biodiesel production from microalgal and cyanobacterial biomass.
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Bio-Based Alternative Energies; Microalgal and Cyanobacterial Lipids; Biodiesel

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