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Technical Studies of Adobe Bricks Stabilize with Lime From the Quarry of the Commune of Had Laghoualem in Morocco

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This paper presents an experimental study that aims to the characterization of local materials used as an alternative material in building construction. Among quite a few materials, the adobe bricks have been chosen on the grounds of the less energy consuming production and also, it is locally considered one of the most available soils in Had Laghoualem, Morocco. Moreover, since the adobe blocks are highly exposed to shrinkage phenomenon, it is suggested to stabilize them with lime. The objective of this experiment is to study the effect of the lime, as a stabilizer, on the mechanical and thermal properties of adobe bricks in order to define the capacity of these bricks as an alternative in building construction. Therefore, different portions of lime have been added to study the stabilized adobe mechanical and thermal behavior. The added lime portion values have been of about 0%, 4%, 7%, and 10% of the total soil mass of the adobe material. The results of this study have showed a clear dependence with the lime content where the thermal conductivity decreases with the increase of lime portions, while for the mechanical tests, the highest compression resistance value (1.1 MPa) sticks with the 7% lime portion. The acquired outcomes corroborate that the stabilized adobe bricks can be used in construction in order to overwrite other traditional materials.
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Adobe; Thermal Properties; Mechanical Properties; Thermal Conductivity; Lime

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