Preliminary Study of Passengers’ Body Heat Harvesting Potential in Commercial Transport Aircraft
(*) Corresponding author
The increasing demands for onboard electrical power of commercial transport aircraft have driven the search for other alternative power sources instead of relying only on the propulsion system. Along with the motivation for renewable and greener energy usage, heat energy harvesting from the passengers’ body while they are seated has been proposed to generate electrical power for the seat’s electronics. This heat energy harvesting concept uses thermoelectric devices that convert energy potential from temperature difference into electrical power based on the phenomenon known as Seebeck effects. The generated electrical power from this method heavily depends on the temperature gradient between the two sides of the thermoelectric generator. Therefore, this study has been made to demonstrate the potential of energy harvesting from the dissipated body heat of the seated aircraft passengers. Overall, based on 20 conducted experimental cases, it has been found out that the average maximum temperature that can be possibly obtained from the passengers’ dissipated body heat is about 35.5 °C. This leads to a maximum temperature difference between the seated passengers’ body and the cabin environment of about 15.5 °C, which can be converted into about 10.23 mW of electrical power per each sensor point in the experiment using a standard thermoelectric generator.
Copyright © 2020 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
B. Sarlioglu, C.T. Morris, More Electric Aircraft – Review, Challenges and Opportunities for Commercial Transport Aircraft, IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification, vol. 1 n. 1, June 2015, pp. 54-64.
J. Rosero, J. Ortega, E. Aldabas, L. Romeral, Moving Towards A More Electric Aircraft, IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, vol. 22 n. 3, March 2007, pp. 3-9.
P. Wheeler, S. Bozhko, The More Electric Aircraft: Technology and Challenges. IEEE Electrification Magazine, vol. 2 n. 4, 2014, pp. 6-12.
Ismagilov, F., Vavilov, V., Roginskaya, L., Shapiro, S., Gusakov, D., Design of High Temperature Six-Phase Starter-Generator Embedded in Aerospace Engine, (2016) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 9 (6), pp. 216-225.
Meo, S., MADES Tool for the Analysis and Design of Electrical Machines, (2017) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 10 (4), pp. 240-249.
Del Pizzo, A., Di Noia, L., Rizzo, R., Energy Storage System Sizing for a Twin Engine Four-Seat Aircraft Electrical Propulsion, (2017) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 10 (6), pp. 315-322.
Di Noia, L., Del Pizzo, A., Meo, S., Reduced-Order Averaged Model and Non-Linear Control of a Dual Active Bridge DC-DC Converter for Aerospace Applications, (2017) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 10 (5), pp. 259-266.
C.R. Avery, S.G. Burrow, P.H. Mellor, Electrical Generation and Distribution for the More Electric Aircraft, 42nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, September 4-6, 2007, Brighton, UK.
J. Weimer, Past, Present and Future of Aircraft Electrical Power Systems, 39th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January 8-11, 2001, Reno, USA.
J. Sliwinski, A. Gardi, M. Marino, R. Sabatini, Hybrid-electric Propulsion Integration in Unmanned Aircraft, Energy, vol. 140, December 2017, pp. 1407-1416.
G. Abbe, H. Smith, Technological Development Trends in Solar-powered Aircraft Systems, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 60, 2016, pp. 770-783.
X. Gao, Z. Hou, Z. Guo, X. Chen, Reviews of Methods to Extract and Store Energy for Solar-powered Aircraft, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 44, April 2015, pp. 96-108
P.L. Richardson, How Do Albatrosses Fly Around the World Without Flapping Their Wings?, Progress in Oceanography, vol. 88, 2011, pp. 46-58.
G. Sachs, J. Lenz, F. Holzapfel, Unlimited Endurance Performance of Solar UAVs with Minimal or Zero Electric Energy Usage, AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, August 10-13, 2009, Chicago, USA.
C.D. Marqui Jr, A. Erturk, D.J. Inman, Piezoaeroelastic Modeling and Analysis of Generator Wing with Continuous and Segmented Electrodes, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 21, 2010, pp. 983-993.
M. Akbar, J.L. Curiel-Sosa, Piezoelectric Energy Harvester Composite under Dynamic Bending with Implementation to Aircraft Wingbox Structure, Composite Structure, vol. 153, 2016, pp. 193-203.
Th. Becker, M. Kluge, J. Schalk, T. Otterpohl, U. Hilleringmann, Power Management for Thermal Energy Harvesting in Aircrafts, IEEE Sensors Conference, October 26-29, 2008, Lecce, Italy.
D. Samson, T. Otterpohl, M. Kluge, U. Schmid, Th. Becker, Aircraft-Specific Thermoelectric Generator Module, Journal of Electronic Materials, vol. 39, September 2010, pp. 2092-2095.
J.R. Sootsman, D.Y. Chung, M.G. Kanatzidis, New and Old Concepts in Thermoelectric Materials, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 48 n. 46, 2009, pp. 8616-8639.
M. Zadshakouyan, H. Shokrvash, S.M. Qadamgahi, Temperature Control and Energy Harvesting by A Thermoelectric System, International Materials Physics Journal, vol. 1 n. 2, 2013, pp. 14- 19.
G. Sebald, D. Guyomar, A. Agbossou, On Thermoelectric and Pyroelectric Energy Harvesting, Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 18, December 2009, Document No. 125006.
R. Albu, A. Lecointre, D. Dragomirescu, T. Gayraud, P. Berthou, Evaluation of UWB Communication for In-Flight Entertainment System in the Aircraft Cabin, 7th IFAC International Conference on Fieldbuses and nETworks in Industrial and Embedded Systems, November 7-9, 2007, Toulouse, France.
R. Venkatasubramanian, E. Siivola, T. Colpitts, B. O’Quinn, Thin-Film Thermoelectric Devices with High Room-Temperature Figures of Merit, Nature, vol. 413, 2001, pp. 597–602.
V. Leonov, Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting of Human Heat for Wearable Sensors, IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 13 n. 6, June 2013, pp. 2284-2291.
C. Dagdeviren, Z. Li, Z. L. Wang, Energy Harvesting from the Animal/Human Body for Self-Powered Electronics, Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, vol. 19, 2017, pp. 85-108.
T. Starner, Human-powered Wearable Computing, IBM Systems Journal, vol. 35 n. 3&4, 1996, pp. 1-12.
M. Lossec, B. Multon, H.B. Ahmed, Sizing Optimization of A Thermoelectric Generator Set with Heatsink for Harvesting Human Body Heat, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 68, 2013, pp. 260-265.
D. Samson, M. Kluge, T. Becker, U. Schmid, Energy Harvesting for Remote Monitoring of Aircraft Seats, Sensor Letters, vol. 8 n. 2, April 2010, pp. 328-335.
K. Sampigethaya, R. Poovendran, Aviation Cyber-Physical Systems: Foundations for Future Aircraft and Air Transport, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 101 n. 8, 2013, pp. 1834-1855.
M.E. Kiziroglou, E.M. Yeatman, Materials and Techniques for Energy Harvesting, in Functional Materials for Sustainable Energy Applications (Philadelphia: Woodhead Publishing, 2012, 541-572).
P. Jacobs, W.F. De Gids, Individual and Collective Climate Control in Aircraft Cabins, International Journal of Vehicle Design, vol. 42 n. 1-2, July 2006.
L. Pang, Y. Qin, D. Liu, M. Liu, Thermal Comfort Assessment in Civil Aircraft Cabins, Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, vol. 27 n. 2, 2014, pp. 210-216.
Fioriti, M., Innovative Concepts of Electric System Architectures and Hybrid Propulsion System for Regional Turboprop Aircraft, (2018) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 11 (3), pp. 104-111.
Dalla Vedova, M., Berri, P., Optimization Techniques for Prognostics of On-Board Electromechanical Servomechanisms Affected by Progressive Faults, (2019) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 12 (4), pp. 160-170.
Belmonte, D., Dalla Vedova, M., Maggiore, P., Prognostics of Onboard Electromechanical Actuators: a New Approach Based on Spectral Analysis Techniques, (2018) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 11 (3), pp. 96-103.
Fanton, J., Wireless Power Transmission: State of the Art and Perspectives, (2019) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 14 (3), pp. 205-219.
Camacho, J., Chamorro, C., Caicedo, N., State of the Art of Teleoperated Energy Harvesting Systems for Small Hydropower Plants, (2019) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 14 (3), pp. 182-194.
Olatinwo, S., Joubert, T., Maximizing the Throughput and Fairness of a Water Quality Monitoring Wireless Sensor Network System, (2018) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 8 (6), pp. 448-460.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize