Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Individual Electronic Pill Dispenser - ePillbox

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



The number of people aged over 65 has increased considerably in the last 40 years. This increase in longevity has led to the emergence of various diseases related to age and the increased prevalence of chronic pathologies. The vast majority of this elderly population, with ages between 60 and 90 years, has multiple medications. The effects of polypharmacy in older adults have high risks of drug interactions and adverse reactions and decrease the adherence to medication. For example, in the case of Diabetes Mellitus, some studies suggest that 50% of patients do not adhere to medication regimens and that only one third of them have adequate adhesion to therapy. However, non-adherence to therapy is a significant problem for patients, as it decreases the effectiveness of treatment and increases the risk of developing complications, also increasing the human, social and economic cost of disease. This paper presents a new device, called ePillbox, which is the result of the work of a multidisciplinary team, pharmacy competences, electronic, automation and mechanical engineering competences, and also design project expertise. Additionally it is necessary to refer the many contributions used in the article, to protect intellectual property. The device features an innovative design and technological improvements (that may be patented) in relation to existing devices, for which reason we will only describe the generic, technological and functional aspects of the ePillbox.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Pill Dispenser; Automatic Pill; Individual Dispenser; Electronic Pill Dispenser; Epillbox

Full Text:



Siddall, Clare; Guri Kjaeserud et al. (2007): “Healthy ageing, a keystone for a Sustainable Europe-EU Health Policy in the Context of Demographic Change”. Health & Consumer Protection. Directorate-General. European Commission. January.

Carrilho, Maria José; Gonçalves, Cristina (2005): “Dinâmicas Territoriais do Envelhecimento: análise exploratória dos resultados dos Censos 91 e 2001”. Revista de Estudos Demográficos, nº 36.

[Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos – PORDATA (2013): “Indicadores de envelhecimento segundo os Censos em Portugal”. Disponível em: URL: - acedido em 25 de Março de 2013.

Kutsal, Yesim Gokce et al. (2009): “Polypharmacy in the Elderly: A Multicenter Study”. American Medical Directors Association. 2009.

Sousa, Salete et al. (2011): “Polimedicação em doentes idosos: adesão à terapêutica”. Revista Portuguesa de Clínica Geral. 2011.

Erlen, J. A,; Erlen, J. A. (2204): “Functional health illiteracy. Ethical concerns”. Orthop Nurs, 23(2):150-153.

Martínez, Y. V.; Prado-Aguilar, C. A. et al. (2008): “Quality of life associated with treatment adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study”. BMC Health Services Research, 2008; 8:164.

Heloisa, T. G.; Maria, L. Z.; Vanderlei, J. H. (2009): “Factors Related to Patient Adherence to Antidiabetic Drug Therapy”. Ver. Latino – Am Enfer. January-February; 17 (1): 46-51.

Hernández, Milagro; Poveda, José Luis (2001): “Sistemas Automaticos de Dispensacion de Medicamentos”. Dispensación de medicamentos. Coordinación: Joaquim Bonal. Dirección: M.ª Cinta Gamundi Planas. Impreso por Press Line - Juan Güell, 78. 08028 Barcelona. – “Medelert Automatic Pill Dispenser”, 25 march 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013). – “Tabtime Medelert: Automatic–lockable–timed release pill dispenser”, 29 April 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

MedReady Inc. – “Medication Dispensers”, 29 April 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013). – “Automatic Pill Dispensers”, 29 April 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

PHILIPS – “Philips Medicamentation Dispensing Service”, 29 April 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

MedMinder – “Automatic Pill Dispenser”, 29 April 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

“Addoz oy website”, 5 August 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

“Medicpen website”, 5 August 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013). – “Portable Automatic Pill Dispenser”, 6 August 2013, available at: (accessed on 9 August 2013).

Bertrand Meyer. "UML: The Positive Spin". Available at:

Uriel (May 2011). " Suckless UML", available at:, and

The Dot Language, available at:

GraphML – Graphical XML, available at:

IFML and WebML and BPMN, available at:, and, and

Modelling languages and tools, available at: and,,,,, and

WebRatio –IFML tool, available at:

Languages, available at:,,, f#-;

MVC methodoly, available at: and

WebServices specification languages, available at:, or and for REST,

Web Client side technologies, available at:, web

Client plus server side developing, available at: pyjamas-, tarsus-, CoffeeScript-, Opa-, TypeScript-

SQL, available at: linq -, ORM- .

Object-relational impedance mismatch, available at:,,

Frameworks, available at: Pylons-, TurboGears-, Zope-, django-, yii-, symfony-,, PPI-, phalcon-, FuelPHP-, ScriptCase-,, html5boilerplate-, Twitter Bootstrap-

JavaScript libraries, available at: JQuery-, MooTools-, Prototype-, Dojo-, YUI-,ExtJS-, AlloyUI-

PHP compilers, available at: bcompiler-; hhvm-; phc compiler-,


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize