Review of Material Used in Brake Pads
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)
Materials used in brake pads determine their behavior, which is important to understand as the brake system is one of the main parts in a vehicle and deals with safety matters. The materials are also often associated with many problems in brake systems, such as low brake wear properties, low coefficient of friction, and fade phenomenon. Development and intense competition in the changing composition of various materials in the brake pad are normal practices in this industry as modifying materials in brake pads is easier than modifying the specifications of the brake system itself. This paper reviews the various materials commonly used as well as recent trends. The function of each material used is also discussed. Many materials perform more than one function and may be put in more than one category.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
B. Henderson and J. H. Haynes, Disc Brakes, The Haynes Automotive Brake Manual, Haynes, North America, pp. 1–20, 1994.
Call for an international ban on asbestos (2000), Environ. Res., 83(1), 79–81.
N. Chand, S. A. R. Hashmi, S. Lomash, A. Naik, Development of Asbestos-Free Brake Pad.
Ceramic vs Metallic Brake Pads; brake pads, brake rotor, www.brakepadwarehouse.com/ceramic-metallic.cfm
G. Nicholson, Facts about Friction, P&W Price Enterprises, Inc., Croydon, PA, 1995.
P. J. Blau, Compositions, Function and Testing of Brake Materials and their Additives, RNL/TM-2001/64, 2001.
Y. Lu, A Combinatorial Approach for Automotive Friction Materials: Combined Effect of Ingredients on Friction Performance, Polym. Comp., Vol. 23, n. 5, pp. 814–817, 2002.
D. Chan, G. W. Stachowiak, Review of automotive brake friction materials, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. D: J. Automob. Eng., Vol. 218, pp. 953–966, 2003.
P. K. Pandey, V. K. Tripathi, M. K. Pandey, V. K. Mandloi, A Critical Analysis of NAO (non-asbestos organic) Materials of Composite Used for Friction Liners of Trucks, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST), Vol. 3, n. 2, pp. 1422–1431, 2011.
Y. T. Tatarzicki, R. T. Webb, Friction and Wear of Aircraft Brakes, ASM Handbook, Vol.18, ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio, pp. 582-587, 1992.
R. T. Spurr, Fillers in Friction Materials, Wear, Vol. 22, pp. 367–409, 1972
N. A. Hooton, Metal-Ceramic Composites in High-Energy Friction Applications, Bendix Technical Journal, Spring, 55–61. (concerning aircraft brakes), 1969.
Borden Packing and Industrial Products, Inc., Literature on Modified Resin Products, Louisville, KY, 1994.
M. Soib Selamat, Bond and Bonding Strength for Brake Friction Materials, Brake Pad & Disc Materials, University Production Centre (UPENA), 2007.
Akiro Matsumoto, Phenolic Resin, Improvement of Toughness, Osaka Municipal Technical Research Institute, Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia, Vol.7.
Philip A. Waitkus, Phenolic Composites, Plastic Engineering Company, Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia, Vol. 7.
C. Swift, The Friction Product and Materials Market, Business Communications Company, Inc., Norwalk, 2003.
T. Komori, S. Miyake, Y. Senoo, Brake friction material. US Pat. 4954536 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1990.
H. Kakegawa, T. Yasuda, X. Wang, Binder Composition for Friction Materials, and Friction Materials. US Pat. 5889081 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
J. F. Kane, N. R. Mowrer, Phenolic resin compositions with improved impact resistance. US Pat.5736619 (United States Patent and Trademark Office)., 1998.
F. B. McCormick, D. J. Drath, I. Gordisher, M. A. Kropp, M. C. Palazzotto, M. R.V. Sahyun, Energy-Curable cyannate/ethylenically unsaturated compositions. US Pat. 6069219 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2000.
K. Ohya, H. Kimbara, Disc brake pad. US Pat.4944373 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1990.
P. H. Tsang, J. P. Coyle, T. Liu, J. G. Vander Poorte, Method of manufacturing a friction articles. US Pat. 4537823 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1985.
R. C. Lam, Y. F. Chen, Carbon deposit friction lining material. US Pat. 5856244 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
Bendix Technologies, 4WD Disk Brake Pad, www.bendix.com.au/content/technologies.
T. Nagahiro, N. Umemto, Polyimide based friction material .and preparation process of the material. US Pat. 5258441 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1993.
E. A. Avallone, T. Baumeister III, Marks Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 10th edition, McGraw-Hill, Newark, pp. 6-197, 1997.
H. Jang, S. J. Kim, The effects of antimony trisulphide and zirconium silicate in the automotive brake friction material on friction characteristics, Wear, Vol. 239, pp. 229–236, 2000.
PQ Corporation, Extendospheres@ product literature, Valley Forge, PA, 1993.
Hoeganaes Corp., “Friction Powder Grades,” Product literature, Riverton, NJ, 1990.
L. Gudmand-Hoyer, A. Bach, G. T. Neilsen, P. Morgan, Tribological properties of automotive disc brakes with solid lubricants, Wear, Vol. 232, pp. 168–175, 1999.
A. J. Taylor, S. K. Taylor, D. A. Hubbard, M. Lotfipour, Friction pads for use in disc brakes. US Pat. 5725077 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1998.
K. Takahasi, M. Yoshida, Y. Hagiwara, K. Kondoh, Y. Takano, Y. Yamashita, Titanium and/or titanium alloy sintered friction material. US Pat. 5922452 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
B. V. Booher, Pultrusion method of making brake linings. US Pat. 5156787 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1992.
M. Kobayashi, Non-asbestos friction materials. US Pat. 6413622 (United States Patent and Trademark office), 2002.
M. Eriksson, S. Jacobson, Tribological surfaces of organic brake pads, Tribal. Intern., Vol. 33, pp. 817–827, 2000.
M. Eriksson, F. Bergman, S. Jacobson, On the nature of tribological contact in automotive brakes, Wear, Vol. 252, pp. 26–36, 2002.
S. K. Rhee, Wear Mechanisms for Asbestos-Reinforced Automotive Friction Materials, Wear, Vol. 29, pp. 391–393, 1974.
Sloss Industries Corp. (n.d.) “PMF@ Fiber—The Preferred Reinforcement in Friction Products,” product literature, Birmingham, AL.
K. C. Gong, Y. C. Cheng, Y. Y. Huang, “The High temperature Resistance of Polymeric Brake Composites,” ASME Wear of Materials Conference Proc., ASME, New York, pp. 765-770, 1985.
N. Kamioka, H. Tokumara, T. Yoshino, Friction material containing BT resin dust. US Pat. 538433 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1995.
S. Kinouchi, Y. Hara, J. Yamaguchi, Friction material composition, production, of the same and friction material. US Pat. 6372817 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2002.
M. Nakagawa, Disc-brake pad. US Pat. 6193025 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2001.
D. R. Lide, H.V. Kehianian, CRC Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, p. 26, 1994.
Western Australian Mining and Petroleum Research Institute, The exfoliation of vermiculite. Report 23, 1989.
Y. Yamashita, M. Nkagawa, M. Ibuki, H. Kishimoto, Friction material for making brake pads. US Pat. 5266395 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1993.
K. Kimura, Y. Goto, N. Torri, H. Katagiri, H. Miyazawa, Y. Motoyoshi, Friction material for dampers and process for producing hte same . US Pat. 5830566 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1998.
K. Seki, Non-asbestos friction material. US Pat. 5217528 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1993.
M. Nagakawa, Y. Yamashita, M. Ibuki, H. Kishinoto, Friction material and method of manufacturing such material. US Pat. 5268398 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1993.
O. Nakajima, T. Kudo, Friction materials. US Pat. 6107386 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2000.
S. Kesaban, G. Burmester, Metal Titanates for friction stabilization of friction materials. US Pat. 5891933 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
A. Marzocchi, A.E. Jannarelli, D.W. Garrett, Friction materials for brake linings and the like . US Pat. 3967037 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1976.
Chrysotile asbestos. Priority Existing Chemical Report 9, National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 8, 1999.
J.P. Holman, Heat Transfer, 8th edition, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, pp. 641–642.
M. Hell, W. Jaworek, W. Huppatz, D. Wieser, Friction lining, especially for brakes and clutches, and a method for producing a friction lining. US Pat.6481555 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2002.
H. Jang, Lee, J.W. Fash, Composition effects of the brake friction material on creep groan phenomena, Wear, Vol. 251, pp. 1477–1483, 2001.
G. J. Samuels, Friction composition and friction element fabricated therform. US Pat. 5516816 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1996.
H. S. Okubo, C.E. Albertson, R. K. Nibert, Asbestos-free friction materials. US Pat.4446203 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1984.
W.N. Smith, P. Boyd, Carbonaceous friction materials. US Pat. 5965658 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
A. E. Anderson, Friction material performance issue, Proceedings of Fibers in Friction Material Symposium Friction Material Standard Institute, pp. 2–57, 1987.
D. H. Buckley, Surface Effects in Adhesion, Friction Wear and Lubrication, Tribology Series Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1981.
E. Rabinowicz, Friction and wear of materials, 2nd edition, Wiley, New York, 1995.
A. E. Anderson, Friction excited oscillation, Link Brake Technology Report-FEV1, 1995.
S. Katsuhiro, G. Akira, Y. Satoshi, A. Yuichi, N. Koji, Development of brake friction material ,SAE Tech. Pap. 930806, pp. 149–161, 1993.
R. A. Carlson, J. L. Headley, Fiber mixtures for brake pads, US Pat. 5871159 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1999.
A. E. Brinzey, Friction materials with universal core of non- asbestos fibres. US Pat. 5041471 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1991.
S. J. Kim, M. H. Cho, D. S. Lim, H. Jang, Synergistic effects of aramid pulp and potassium titanate whiskers in the automotive friction material, Wear, Vol. 251, pp. 1484–1491, 2001.
S. Adachi, K. Kawamura, K. A. Takemoto, Trial on the quantitative risk assessment of man-made mineral fibers by the rat intraperitoneal administration assay using the JFM standard fibrous samples, Indust. Health, Vol. 39, pp. 168–174, 2001.
A. Hikichi, Friction material. US Pat.6475614 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 2002.
R. Warren, Ceramic-Matrix Composites, Blackie, New York, p. 2, 1992.
Ceramic fibres (respirable size). Tenth Report on Carcinogens, US Department of Health and Human Services, 2002
K. Tsugawa, S. Suzuki, H. Kubono, Friction material. US Pat. 5712029 (United States Patent and Trademark Office), 1998.
Automotive Disc Brake Manual, Haynes Publishing, p. 11, 1998.
Chrysotile asbestos, Priority Existing Chemical Report 9, National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme, Commonwealth of Australia, p. 3, 1999.
I. M Dagwa, A. O. A. Ibhadode, Determination of Optimum Manufacturing Conditions for Asbestos-free Brake Pad using Taguchi Method, Nigerian Journal of Engineering Research and Development, Vol. 5, n. 4, pp. 1–8, 2006.
N. Chand, S. A. R. Hashmi, S. Lomash, A. Naik, Development of Asbestos Free Brake Pad, http://www.ieindia.org/publish/mc/0404/apr0 4mc3.pdf, 2004.
V. S. Aigbodion, S. B. Hassan, T. Ause, G. B. Nyior, Potential Utilization of Solid Waste (Bagasse Ash), Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 9, n. 1, pp. 67–77, 2010.
C. M. Ruzaidi, H. Kamarudin, J. B. Shamsul, A. Mustafa Al Bakri, A. Alida, Morphology and Wear Properties of Palm Ash and PCB Waste Brake Pad, 2011 International Conference on Asia Agriculture and Animal IPCBEE vol.13, © IACSIT Press, Singapore, 2011.
C. M. Ruzaidi, H. Kamarudin, J. B. Shamsul, M. M. A. Abdullah, Mechanical Properties and Wear Behavior of Brake Pads Produced from Palm Slag, Advanced Materials Research, pp. 341-342, 26–30. Online available since 2011/Sep/27 at www.scientific.net, 2012.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to email@example.com
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize