Review of Material Used in Brake Pads

C. M. Ruzaidi(1*), H. Kamarudin(2), J. B. Shamsul(3), A. M. Mustafa Al Bakri(4), W. I. Wan Mastura(5)

(1) Centre of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000, P.O Box 77, D/A Pejabat Pos besar, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
(2) Centre of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000, P.O Box 77, D/A Pejabat Pos besar, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
(3) Centre of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000, P.O Box 77, D/A Pejabat Pos besar, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
(4) Centre of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000, P.O Box 77, D/A Pejabat Pos besar, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
(5) Centre of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000, P.O Box 77, D/A Pejabat Pos besar, Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding author


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Abstract


Materials used in brake pads determine their behavior, which is important to understand as the brake system is one of the main parts in a vehicle and deals with safety matters. The materials are also often associated with many problems in brake systems, such as low brake wear properties, low coefficient of friction, and fade phenomenon. Development and intense competition in the changing composition of various materials in the brake pad are normal practices in this industry as modifying materials in brake pads is easier than modifying the specifications of the brake system itself. This paper reviews the various materials commonly used as well as recent trends. The function of each material used is also discussed. Many materials perform more than one function and may be put in more than one category.
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Keywords


Brake Pad; Friction Brake Materials; Binders in Brake Pads

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