A 3D -SVPWM Algorithm Design and its FPGA IP – Core Implementation for MLIs Operating Over a Wide Modulation Range

C. Bharatiraja(1*), Latha Ramachandran(2), S. S. Dash(3), Rachit Gulati(4), Preetam Vishal Sharma(5)

(1) Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur, and Chennai India, India
(2) Software Engineer In Cognizant Technology and Solutions, India, India
(3) Professor and Head in SRM University Chennai, India, India
(4) Electrical and Electronics laboratory in SRM University, India
(5) Electrical and Electronics Laboratory in SRM University, India
(*) Corresponding author


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


This work reports a simplified approach to implement three dimensional space vector pulse width modulation (3D-SVM) for multilevel inverter (MLI). The 3-D SVM is advanced method of 2-D SVM, and it inherits all the advantages of traditional 2-D. A simple technique for the selection of switching states to find the reference vector without redundant switching vectors is proposed here. This paper treasures the reference vector by categorizing sub cubes and tetrahedrons by using mathematical environments and Calculates the on-state durations of the respective switching state vectors without involving trigonometric functions or look up tables and angle determination. The Detailed analysis, verification by computer simulation using MATLAB –Simulink platform. The proposed algorithm is more suitable to the hardware implementation by significantly reducing the hardware core components and cost. Based on the simplified 3D-SVM, the reduced memory intellectual property (IP) core has been developed using Verilog hardware description language (VHDL).The designed 3D-SVM IP core is validation through FPGA-SPARTAN III- XC3SD1800A board and tested with prototype 3-phase 3-level Neutral Point Clamped -MLI. Here the cost of the proposed technique is independent of voltage levels of inverter; this algorithm can minimize extremely the time and complexity of calculation, since the proposed 3D-SVM IP core is simpler and faster
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Neutral Point Clamped Multilevel Inverter (NPC-MLI); Pulse Width Modulation (PWM); 3D-Space-Vector Modulation (3D-SVM); Verilog Hardware Description Language (VHDL); Intellectual Property (IP) Core

Full Text:

PDF


References


A.Nabae, I. Takahashi, H. Akagy, A Neutral-Point Clamped PWM Inverter,IEEE Transactions onIndustrial Applications., Vol.1A-17 n.5,Sep/Oct 1981, pp. 518-523.

J. Rodriguez, J. S. Lai, and F. Z. Peng, Multilevel Inverters, A Survey of Topologies, Controls and Applications, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., Vol. 49 n.4, pp. 724-738 (2).

Leon M. Tolbert and Thomas G. Habetler, Novel Multilevel Inverter Carrier-Based PWM Method, Proc.IEEE Transactions on Industrial Applications., Vol. 35 n.5,1999,pp. 1098- 1107.

K. Gupta and A. Khambadkone, A Space Vector PWM Scheme for Multilevel Inverters Based on Two-Level Space Vector PWM, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., Vol. 53 n.5 (2006).

Bharatiraja, C., Jeevananthan, S., Dash, S.S., A vector selection approach based on control degree of freedom to provide DC-link voltage balancing in diode clamped multilevel inverter, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (1), pp. 39-51.

M.M. Prats, 1.1. Leh, R. Portillo, J.M. Carrasco and L.G. Franquelo, A novel space-vector algorithm for multilevel converters based on geometrical considerations using a new sequence control technique, accepted for publication en Circuits, Systems and Computers, International Journal2003.

V. T. Ranganathan, Space Vector Pulsewidth Modulation - A Status Review, Sadhana, Vol.22 n.6, 1999.

Mohan M. Renge and Hiralal M. Suryawanshi, Three Dimensional Space-Vector Modulation to Reduce Common-Mode Voltage for Multilevel Inverter, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., Vol. 57 n.7,2010.

M. Prats, L. G. Franquelo, J. I. Leon, R. Portillo, E. Galvan and J. M. Carrasco, A 3-D Space Vector Modulation Generalized Algorithm for Multilevel Converters, IEEE Power Electronics Letters., Vol.1 n.4,2003.

N. Y. Dai, M.-C. Wong, Y.-H.Chen, and Y.-D. Han, A 3-D generalized direct PWM algorithm for multilevel converter, IEEE Power ElectronLetters., vol.3 n.3,2005, pp. 85–87.

J. I. Leon, S. Vazquez, R. Portillo, L. G. Franquelo, J. M. Carrasco, P. W. Wheeler, and A. J. Watson, Three-dimensional feed forward space vector modulation applied to multilevel diode-clamped converter,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., vol.56 n.1, 2009,pp. 101–109.

Ó. López, J. , J. Doval-Gandoy, and F. D. Freijedo, Multilevel multiphase space vector PWM algorithm,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics.,vol. 55 n.5, 2008, pp. 1933–1942.

N. Celanovic and D. Boroyevich, H. C. Skudelny and G. V. Stanke, A Fast Space Vector Modulation Algorithm for Multilevel Three-Phase Converters, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications., Vol. 37,2001.

S. A. Mohamed and M. R. Baiju, A Novel Space Vector PWM Scheme for Multilevel Inverters, 24th Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition., 2009.

S. Wei, B. Wu, F. Li, and C. Liu, A general space vector PWM control algorithm for multilevel inverters, Proc. 18th Annu. IEEE APEC., 2003.

E. Ortjohann, A. Mohd, N. Hamsic, A. Al-Daib and M. Lingemann, Three Dimensional Space Vector Modulation Algorithm for Three-Leg Four-Wire Voltage Source Inverters, International Conference on Power Engineering, Energy and Electrical Drives., 2007.

J. I. Leon, R. Portillo, L. G. Franquelo, M. M. Prats and W. Kolomyjski, New State Vectors Selection Using Space Vector Modulation in Three Dimensional Control Regions for Multilevel Converters, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics., 2006.

P. Rodriguez, J. Pou, R. Pindado, J. Montanya, R. Burgos and D. Boroyevich, An Alternative Approach on Three Dimensional Space-Vector Modulation of Three-Phase Inverters,36th IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference., 2005.

L. G. Franquelo, M. M. Prats, R. Portillo, J. I. Leon, M. Perales, J. M. Carrasco, E. Galvan, and J. L. Mora, Three-dimensional space vector modulation algorithm for four-leg multilevel converters using ABC coordinates, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., vol.53 n.2,2006, pp. 458–466.

G. Grandi, G. Serra, and A. Tani, General analysis of multiphase systems based on space vector approach, Proc. EPE-PEMC, Portoroz, Slovenia, Aug/Sep 2006, pp. 834–840.

E. Levi, M. Jones, S. N. Vukosavic, and H. A. Toliyat, Operating principles of a novel multiphase multimotor vector-controlled drive,IEEETransactions Energy Converters., vol. 19 n.3,Sep 2004, pp. 508–517.

A. Iqbal and E. Levi, Space vector PWM for a five-phase VSI supplying two five-phase series-connected machines, Proc. IEEE PEMC, Portoroz, Slovenia, Aug/Sep 2006, pp. 222–227.

E. Levi, M. Jones, S. N. Vukosavic, A. Iqbal, and H. A. Toliyat, Modeling, control, and experimental investigation of a five-phase series connected two-motor drive with single inverter supply, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., vol. 54 n.3, June 2007,pp. 1504–1516.

A. Iqbal, S. Vukosavic, E. Levi, M. Jones, and H. Toliyat, Dynamics of a series-connected two-motor five-phase drive system with a single-inverter supply, Conf. Rec. IEEE IAS Annu. Meeting, Hong Kong, vol. 2, Oct 2005,pp. 1081–1088.

E. Levi, M. Jones, S. N.Vukosavic, and H. A. Toliyat, Steady-state modeling of series-connected five-phase and six-phase two-motor drives, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., vol. 44 n. 5, Sep/Oct 2008pp. 1559–1568.

M. Jones, S. N. Vukosavic, D. Dujic, and E. Levi, A synchronous current control scheme for multiphase induction motor drives, IEEE TransactionsEnergy Converters., vol. 24 n.4, Dec 2009,pp. 860–868.

C.Bharatiraja, S.Raghu and R.Palanisamy, A New Space Vector Pulse width Modulation for Reduction of Common Mode Voltage in Three Level Neutral Point Diode Clamped Multilevel Inverter, Proc. In IEEE-First International Conference on Advances in Engineering, Science and Management (ICAESM -2012) March 30, 31, 2012,pp.694-699.

O. Lo´pez, J. A´ lvarez, J. Doval-Gandoy, and F. D. Freijedo, Comparison of the FPGA implementation of two multilevel space vector PWM algorithms,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics.,vol. 55 n.4, Apr 2008.

N.-Y. Dai, M.-C. Wong, Y.-H.Chen, and Y.-D. Han, A 3-D generalizeddirect PWM algorithm for multilevel converters,IEEE Power Electronics Letters., vol. 3 n.3, Sep 2005,pp. 85–88.

O. Lo´pez, J. A´ lvarez, J. Doval-Gandoy, and F. D. Freijedo, Multilevel multiphase space vector PWM algorithm, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics., vol. 55 n.5, May 2008.

O. L´opez, J. Doval-Gandoy, C. M. Pe˜nalver, J. Rey, and F. D. Freijedo, Redundancy and basic switching rules in multilevel converters, International Review of Electrical Engineering.,vol. 0 n.0, Jan/Feb 2006,pp. 66–73.

S. Meo, A. Perfetto, A Predictive Control of a DPWM Quasi Resonant Inverter Feeding Induction Motors, (2012) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 5 (2), pp. 1122-1127.

Damiano, A., Gatto, G., Marongiu, I., Meo, S., Perfetto, A., Serpi, A., Single-stage grid connected PV inverter with active and reactive power flow control via PSO-PR based current controlled SVPWM, (2012) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 7 (4), pp. 4647-4654.

Meo, S., Perfetto, A., Esposito, F., Fuel-cell based inverter for residential systems, 5th IASTED International Conference on POWER AND ENERGY SYSTEMS (EuroPES 2005), June 15-17, 2005, Benalmádena, Spain, art. no. 468-149, pp. 49-54.

Agarwal, P., Agarwal, A., Agarwal, V., High frequency power generation using cycloinverter with SVM, (2012) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 7 (6), pp. 6005-6013.

Satheesh, G., Reddy, T.B., Babu, C.S., A novel space vector PWM based direct torque control algorithm for open end winding induction motor drive, (2013) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 6 (1), pp. 29-34.

Bharatiraja, C., Jeevananthan, S., Dash, S.S., A vector selection approach based on control degree of freedom to provide DC-link voltage balancing in diode clamped multilevel inverter, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (1), pp. 39-51.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any questions about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2017 Praise Worthy Prize